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Table 2 Measurements on Transthoracic Echocardiography

From: Quantitative analysis of mitral valve morphology in atrial functional mitral regurgitation using real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography atrial functional mitral regurgitation

variable Control (n = 25) Patients with AF (n = 168) P
MR- Group (143) MR+ Group (n = 25)
LV end-diastolic diameter, mm 44 ± 2 46 ± 4 46 ± 3 0.17
LV end-systolic diameter, mm 30 ± 2 30 ± 3 31 ± 3 0.31
LV end-diastolic volume, ml 85 ± 8 87 ± 11 89 ± 12 0.20
LV end-systolic volume, ml 30 ± 4 32 ± 5 31 ± 5 0.30
LV ejection fraction, % 64 ± 5 64 ± 4 64 ± 2 0.66
LA anterior-posterior Diameter, mm 34 ± 2 39 ± 5* 41 ± 4* <0.01
LA volume, ml 57 ± 5 81 ± 18* 98 ± 22*,# <0.01
E/E’ 8.0 ± 0.9 8.2 ± 0.8 9.2 ± 1.2*# <0.01
Mitral regurgitation severity
 Regurgitation area, cm2   1.84 ± 0.52 4.37 ± 0.68# <0.01
 EROA, cm2   0.18 ± 0.07 0.47 ± 0.07# <0.01
  1. LV left ventricle, LA left atrium, EROA effective regurgitant orifice area. *P <0.01 vs. controls, #P<0.01 vs. MR-Group