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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients

From: Usefulness of carotid ultrasonography in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease in patients undergoing exercise echocardiography

  Non-prior vascular disease (n = 156)
Age (years) 66.1 (10.4)
Male sex (%) 102 (65.4%)
Body mass index (Kg/m2) 28.7 (4.0)
Hypertension 93 (59.6%)
Hypercholesterolemia 91 (58.3%)
DM 41 (26.3%)
Smoking habit 68 (43.6%)
Family history of premature CAD 22 (14.1%)
SCORE
 Low 10 (6.4%)
 Moderate 52 (33.3%)
 High 47 (30.1%)
 Very high 45 (28.8%)
Chest pain 149 (95.5%)
 Typical 82 (55.0%)
 Atypical 65 (43.6%)
 Non-anginal 2 (1.3%)
FPG levels (mg/dL) 114.3 (33.5)
GFR (ml//min/1.73 m2) 78.3 (24.0)
Total Cholesterol levels (mg/dL) 189.2 (44.7)
Low-density lipoprotein levels (mg/dL) 114.4 (38.5)
High-density lipoprotein levels (mg/dL) 44.1 (11.7)
Triglyceride levels (mg/dL) 159.1 (94.1)
Drugs prior EE  
Beta-blockers 36 (23.1%)
Calcium channel blockers 40 (25.6%)
Nitrates 23 (14.7%)
Statins 68 (43.6%)
Antiplatelet drugs 51 (32.7%)
EE data  
Systolic BP (mmHg)
 Rest 141.5 (20.3)
 Peak 184.9 (29.3)
Heart rate (beats/min)
 Rest 69.9 (13.1)
 Peak 131.6 (18.6)
Rate-pressure (×  103 mmHg beats/min)
 Rest 9.9 (2.5)
 Peak 24.4 (5.6)
Exercise time (min) 6.9 (2.7)
Positive EE 93 (59.6%)
Negative EE 38 (24.4%)
Failure to achieve submaximal predicted heart rate 25 (16.0%)
Metabolic equivalents 7.5 (2.6)
Left ventricular ejection fraction (%)
 Rest 62.5 (7.1)
 Peak 64.3 (12.4)
Resting wall motion abnormality 21 (13.6%)
Wall motion score index
 Rest 1.04 (0.17)
 Peak 1.22 (0.28)
Carotid ultrasound data
Mean CIMT (mm) 0.88 (0.19)
Mean CIMT percentile Spanish population
  ≤ 25th 18 (11.5%)
 25th - 75th 40 (25.6%)
  ≥ 75th 98 (62.8%)
CP 95 (60.9%)
Calcified CP 47 (30.5%)
  1. BP Blood pressure, CAD coronary artery disease, CIMT carotid intima-media thickness, CP carotid plaque, DM diabetes mellitus, EE exercise echocardiography, FPG fasting plasma glucose, GFR glomerular filtration rate, SCORE European Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation