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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Normative reference ranges for echocardiographic chamber dimensions in a healthy Central European population: results from the Czech post-MONICA survey

Variable Healthy subset
n = 575
Remaining cohort
n = 1275
p value
Age (years) 42 [34, 52] 58 [49, 65] < 0.001
Female gender, n (%) 328 (57%) 631 (49%) 0.003
BSA (m2) 1.82 [1.70, 1.99] 1.97 [1.82, 2.13] < 0.001
Weight (kg) 72 [62, 81] 86 [74, 98] < 0.001
Height (cm) 171 [165, 179] 171 [163, 177] 0.003
BMI (kg/m2) 24 [22, 26] 29 [26, 33] < 0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 118 [109, 124] 132 [121, 144] < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 78 [72, 81] 83 [78, 90] < 0.001
History of CVD, n (%)   230 (18%)  
Antihypertensive medication, n (%)   606 (48%)  
Diabetes mellitus, n (%)   171 (13%)  
Lipid-lowering drugs, n (%)   298 (23%)  
Total serum cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.02 [4.42, 5.71] 5.25 [4.57, 5.92] <  0.001
Total serum triglycerides (mmol/l) 0.97 [0.73, 1.39] 1.39 [1.03, 2.02] <  0.001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.51 [1.27, 1.76] 1.34 [1.10, 1.62] <  0.001
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.94 [2.37, 3.58] 3.05 [2.41, 3.65] 0.091
Age group (n)    <  0.001
 under 40 years 239 160  
 40–60 years 283 556  
 over 60 years 53 559  
  1. Continuous variables presented as median [25th, 75th percentile]
  2. BMI body mass index, BSA body surface area, CVD cardiovascular disease