Skip to main content

Table 1 Main clinical and conventional echocardiographic characteristics of the four study groups

From: Clinical implication of disturbed left atrial phasic functions in the heterogeneous population associated with hypertension or atrial fibrillation

VariableControls
(n = 28)
Isolated HTN group
(n = 25)
Lone AF group
(n = 24)
HTN and PAF group
(n = 28)
P
Age, years56.7 ± 9.358.3 ± 8.953.8 ± 6.760.9 ± 6.60.386
Female gender, n (%)13 (46%)14 (56%)13 (54%)8 (29%)0.166
Height, cm166.8 ± 8.1163.8 ± 6.7170.0 ± 10.1165.8 ± 7.40.061
Weight, kg62.6 ± 9.662.2 ± 10.765.8 ± 10.065.7 ± 9.40.403
Body mass index, kg/m222.29 ± 2.5323.06 ± 2.7922.26 ± 2.3623.83 ± 2.420.079
Body surface area, m21.70 ± 0.161.67 ± 0.171.77 ± 0.171.73 ± 0.150.180
Heart rate, beats/min73.0 ± 7.770.5 ± 7.367.4 ± 11.568.5 ± 6.50.108
SBP, mm Hg114.1 ± 6.9159.0 ± 13.5*113.9 ± 6.9162.1 ± 8.8*0.000
DBP, mm Hg83.2 ± 3.7100.4 ± 5.6*80.6 ± 4.799.6 ± 7.3*0.000
History of HTN, years8.0 ± 4.611.9 ± 4.5#0.003
History of AF, years4.5 ± 3.95.4 ± 4.50.468
Current smoker, n (%)5 (18%)10 (36%)9 (32%)0.198
Current drinker, n (%)4 (7%)5 (28%)8 (46%)0.418
Medications, n (%)
 ACEI or ARB13 (52%)16 (57%)0.707
 β-blockers7 (28%)6 (21%)0.579
 Calcium antagonists6 (24%)6 (21%)0.823
 Antiplatelet8 (33%)11 (39%)0.657
 Anticoagulant agent11 (46%)15 (54%)0.578
 Antiarrhythmic drug12 (50%)17 (61%)0.438
 Diuretics5 (20%)3 (13%)8 (46%)0.360
 Statins8 (32%)4 (17%)11 (39%)0198
Mild mitral regurgitation, n (%)4 (16%)7 (29%)10 (36%)0.266
Mild aortic regurgitation, n (%)8 (32%)3 (13%)11 (39%)0.093
LVEF, %64.16 ± 2.7963.65 ± 4.1263.54 ± 4.1363.86 ± 3.290.936
LVMI, g/m281.44 ± 7.26108.52 ± 12.26*77.41 ± 6.87109.60 ± 19.21*0.000
E/e’ ratio8.24 ± 1.8810.51 ± 2.85*9.74 ± 2.7610.96 ± 8.05*0.007
LAVI, mL/m225.73 ± 5.6631.93 ± 8.62*27.60 ± 8.4733.16 ± 10.08*0.007
  1. ACE Angiotensin converting enzyme, AF Atrial fibrillation, ARB Angiotensin receptor blocker, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, HTN Hypertension, LAVI Left atrial volume index, LVEF Left ventricular ejection fraction, LVMI Left ventricular mass index, PAF Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, SBP Systolic blood pressure
  2. *P < 0.05 vs. controls, #P < 0.05 vs. isolated HTN group
  3. Data are expressed as mean ± SD or as number (percentage)