Skip to main content

Table 1 Validation studies for 3D strain

From: A review of current trends in three-dimensional analysis of left ventricular myocardial strain

Experimental studies
Author Year (Ref.#) Vendor Materials Reference 3D regional LS 3D regional CS 3D regional RS 3D regional AS
 Seo 2009 [14] Toshiba Sheep Sonomicrometry r = 0.89
p < 0.001
r = 0.90
p < 0.001
r = 0.84
p < 0.001
NA
 Seo 2011 [15] Toshiba Sheep Sonomicrometry NA NA NA r = 0.87
p < 0.001
Human studies
Author Year (Ref.#) Vendor Subjects Reference 3D GLS 3D GCS 3D GRS 3D GAS 2D GLS 2D GCS 2D GRS
 Kleijn 2012 [16] Toshiba Volunteer CMR tagging NA r = 0.80
p: NA
NA NA NA NA NA
 Luis 2014 [17] GE Patient 2D LVEF r = 0.74
p < 0.001
r = 0.89
p < 0.001
r = 0.86
p < 0.001
r = 0.87
p < 0.001
r = 0.86
p < 0.001
r = 0.82
p < 0.001
r = 0.67
p < 0.001
 Luis 2014 [17] GE Patient 3D LVEF r = 0.75
p < 0.001
r = 0.89
p < 0.001
r = 0.87
p < 0.001
r = 0.88
p < 0.001
r = 0.86
p < 0.001
r = 0.84
p < 0.001
r = 0.64
p < 0.001
 Obokata 2016 [18] TomTec Patient CMR feature tracking r = 0.87
p < 0.001
r = 0.88
p < 0.001
r = 0.82
p < 0.001
NA r = 0.83
p < 0.001
r = 0.90
p < 0.001
r = 0.69
p < 0.001
  1. AS area strain, CMR cardiac magnetic resonance, CS circumferential strain, GAS global area strain, GCS global circumferential strain, GLS global longitudinal strain, GRS global radial strain, LS longitudinal strain, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, NA not available, RS radial strain