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Table 2 Echocardiographic results of 310 IE patients

From: Preoperative false-negative transthoracic echocardiographic results in native valve infective endocarditis patients: a retrospective study from 2001 to 2018

Variable Total
N = 300
Surgery
N = 182
None surgery
N = 118
P
Positive echocardiographic results
 Vegetation 266 (88.7) 157 (86.3) 109 (91.6) 0.103
  Left heart 193 (64.3) 117 (64.3) 76 (63.9) 0.983
   Only on aortic valve 70 (23.3) 42 (23.1) 28 (23.5) 0.896
   Only on mitral valve 101 (33.7) 57 (31.3) 44 (37.0) 0.285
   Aortic valve and mitral valve 22 (7.3) 18 (9.9) 4 (3.4) 0.035
  Right heart 58 (19.3) 32 (17.6) 26 (21.8) 0.340
   Only on tricuspid valve 54 (18.0) 29 (15.9) 25 (21.0) 0.247
   Only on pulmonic valve 4 (1.3) 3 (1.6) 1 (0.8) 0.940
  Left heart and right heart 9 (3.0) 2 (1.1) 7 (5.9) 0.040
 Perivalvular abscess 4 (1.3) 3 (1.6) 1 (0.8) 0.940
 Aortic sinus aneurysm 6 (2.0) 4 (2.2) 2 (1.7) 1.000
 Perforation 20 (6.7) 11 (6.0) 9 (7.6) 0.591
 Severe valve insufficiency 176 (58.7) 122 (67.0) 54 (45.4) 0.000
Size of vegetations
  > 1 cm 236 (78.7) 144 (79.1) 92 (77.3) 0.811