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Table 1 Baseline clinical demographics of the study population

From: Safety and effects of volume loading during transesophageal echocardiography in the pre-procedural work-up for left atrial appendage closure

  Study Population
(n=72)
Age (years) 75.2±7.7
Female 21 (29.2)
BMI (kg/m2) 29.4±8.7
Diabetes mellitus 27 (37.5)
Hypertension 62 (86.1)
Peripheral artery disease 9 (12.5)
Coronary artery disease 32 (44.4)
Prior myocardial infarction 8 (11.1)
Prior CABG 13 (18.1)
Heart failure history 13 (18.1)
Prior stroke/TIA 26 (36.1)
Atrial fibrillation
 Persistent/Permanent 38 (52.8)
 Paroxysmal 34 (47.2)
CHA2DS2VASc score 4.3±1.6
HASBLED score 3.7±0.9
LVEF (%) 59.5 [50-60]
Reduced LVEF (<40%) 11 (15.3)
Intraprocedural contrast administration (ml) 82.0 [59-113]
  1. Values are mean ± SD, n (%), or median [interquartile range]. BMI body mass index, CABG coronary artery by-pass graft, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, TIA transient ischemic attack