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Table 2 Echocardiographic data

From: Prognostic effect of increased left ventricular wall thickness in severe aortic stenosis

  Normal thickness (n = 82) Increased thickness (n = 208) p value
LVEDD (mm) 50.9 ± 6.5 49.6 ± 5.8 0.425
LVESD (mm) 34.2 ± 8.2 33.3 ± 8.3 0.699
LVEF (%) 57.6 ± 10.4 57.8 ± 11.3 0.786
IVS (mm) 9.1 ± 1.0 12.2 ± 1.7 < 0.001
PWT (mm) 9.3 ± 1.0 12.4 ± 1.7 < 0.001
LVM (g) 169.4 ± 41.4 241.1 ± 56.9 < 0.001
LVMI (g/m2) 104.8 ± 23.7 147.6 ± 34.0 < 0.001
LAV (ml) 95.7 ± 59.1 84.9 ± 33.2 0.938
LAVI (ml/g2) 59.9 ± 37.0 52.8 ± 21.6 0.830
Mitral E (cm/s) 112.2 ± 48.0 90.9 ± 39.1 < 0.001
Mitral E/A 1.0 ± 0.5 0.9 ± 0.6 0.220
E/e′ 19.5 ± 10.7 18.1 ± 9.0 0.551
Peak velocity (m/s) 4.3 ± 0.4 4.8 ± 0.7 < 0.001
Mean PG (mmHg) 42.5 ± 9.7 55.2 ± 17.8 < 0.001
AVA (cm2) 0.8 ± 0.2 0.7 ± 0.2 < 0.001
AVAI (cm2/m2) 0.5 ± 0.1 0.4 ± 0.1 < 0.001
BAV, n (%) 11 (13.4%) 37 (17.8%) 0.367
Significant AR 11 (13.4%) 26 (12.5%) 0.833
Concentric LVH, n (%) 10 (12.2%) 172 (82.7%) < 0.001
Eccentric LVH, n (%) 31 (37.8%) 28 (13.5%) < 0.001
Concentric remodeling, n (%) 6 (7.3%) 8 (0.4%) 0.214
Normal geometry, n (%) 35 (42.7%) 0  
  1. Values are mean ± SD. LVEDD, left ventricular end diastolic dimension; LVESD left ventricular end systolic dimension; LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction; IVS interventricular septum; PWT posterior wall thickness; LVM left ventricular mass; LVMI left ventricular mass index; LAV left atrial volume; LAVI left atrial volume index; PG pressure gradient; AVA aortic valve area; AVAI aortic valve area index; BAV bicuspid aortic valve; AR aortic regurgitation; LVH left ventricular hypertrophy