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Table 3 Echocardiographic parameters and their relationships with significant acute cellular rejection

From: Usefulness of speckle tracking echocardiography and biomarkers for detecting acute cellular rejection after heart transplantation

Variable Control Group without ACR Group with ACR p value
group
Left atrium (mm) 34 (31–36) 41 (38–46)# 43 (35–49)# < 0.001ª
LA Volume (mm3/cm2) 25.02 ± 2.97 33.31 ± 4.96# 33.78 ± 3.06# < 0.001b
Septum (mm) 8 (8–9) 11 (10–13)# 12 (10–13)# < 0.001ª
Inferolateral wall (mm) 8 (8–9) 11 (10–11)# 11 (9–13)# < 0.001ª
Relative thickness 0.38 (0.35–0.41) 0.49 (0.44–0.53)# 0.47 (0.40–0.55)# < 0.001ª
LVMI (g/m2) 71 (65–83) 102 (86–124)# 109 (80–141)# < 0.001ª
LVEF (%) 65 (62–68) 64 (62–67) 65 (63–67) 0.739ª
E velocity (m/s) 0.84 (0.69–0.93) 0.65 (0.60–0.76) # 0.66 (0.54–0.84) # < 0.001ª
DT (ms) 189 (168–208) 187 (144–214) 190 (153–207) 0.787ª
A velocity (m/s) 0.50 (0.42–0.58) 0.41 (0.32–0.50) # 0.42 (0.38–0.68) # 0.001ª
E/A 1.60 (1.38–1.93) 1.64 (1.29–2.00) 1.46 (1.29–1.75) 0.543ª
S′ velocity (m/s) 0.08 (0.07–0.09) 0.07 (0.06–0.08)# 0.07 (0.05–0.08) 0.010ª
E’ velocity (m/s) 0.11 (0.09–0.12) 0.06 (0.05–0.08)# 0.07 (0.05–0.07)# < 0.001ª
A’ velocity (m/s) 0.08 (0.07–0.10) 0.06 (0.05–0.08)# 0.08 (0.06–0.09)# < 0.001ª
E/E’ 7.92 (6.63–8.78) 10.14 (7.99–12.96)# 10 (7.93–14.21)# < 0.001ª
FAC (%) 43 (40–48) 39 (36–45) # 39 (37–42) # 0.001ª
TAPSE (mm) 24 (20–26) 17 (15–18)# 16 (15–17)# < 0.001ª
S′ velocity (m/s) of tricuspid annulus 13 (12–15) 12 (11–14) 11 (11–12)# < 0.001ª
  1. The values are presented as the mean (standard deviation) or median (interquartile range)
  2. aKruskal-Wallis test;#p< 0.05 (vs. the control group). ACR acute cellular rejection; LA left atrium; DT deceleration time; LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction; FAC fractional area change; lat lateral; LVMI left ventricular mass index; TAPSE tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion