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Table 3 Transmural gradient of longitudinal strain (%) in healthy controls and HCM patients

From: Layer‐specific strain echocardiography may reflect regional myocardial impairment in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Segments TGLS in healthy controls TGLS in HCM patients
Mean ± SD 95% CI Mean ± SD 95% CI
basAntSept -1.97 ± 1.49 -2.65 to -1.29 0.08 ± 2.20 -0.68 to 0.81
basSept -1.49±1.06 -1.97 to -1.01 2.73 ± 2.65* 1.89 to 3.59
basInf -2.16±1.81 -2.98 to -1.33 -0.08 ± 3.93 -1.39 to 1.26
basPost -1.91 ± 1.42 -2.56 to -1.27 -2.61 ± 4.41 -4.11 to -1.17
basLat -2.82±2.03 -3.74 to -1.89 -3.90 ± 4.10 -5.31 to -2.64
basAnt -2.69±1.75 -3.49 to -1.89 -2.87 ± 2.65 -3.77 to -2.05
midAntSept -3.83±2.27 -4.86 to -2.80 -4.54 ± 3.23 -5.69 to -3.43
midSept -3.80±3.67 -5.47 to -2.13 1.11 ± 2.58* 0.22 to 1.93
midInf -3.38±1.79 -4.20 to -2.57 1.11 ± 3.42* -0.06 to 2.34
midPost -4.73±2.11 -5.69 to -3.78 -2.60 ± 3.83* -4.10 to -1.33
midLat -4.10±1.85 -4.95 to -3.26 -4.64 ± 3.74 -5.84 to -3.45
midAnt -3.30±2.10 -4.25 to -2.34 -4.17 ± 2.88* -5.18 to -3.16
apAntSept -9.82±3.69 -11.49 to -8.14 -12.22 ± 7.62 -15.36 to -9.54
apSept -10.19±2.08 -11.14 to -9.24 -10.82 ± 6.43 -12.90 to -8.67
apInf -10.49±3.41 -12.09 to -8.90 -11.06 ± 7.24 -13.69 to -8.46
apPost -9.93±2.87 -11.23 to -8.62 -9.41 ± 7.22 -12.43 to -6.58
apLat -9.96±3.60 -11.60 to -8.32 -10.82 ± 6.14 -13.02 to -8.82
apAnt -9.90±3.64 -11.60 to -8.19 -12.07 ± 6.84 -14.57 to -9.84
Total -5.33±4.20 -5.76 to -4.91 -4.61 ± 6.72 -5.18 to -4.12
  1. TGLS transmural gradient of longitudinal strain; HCM hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; SD standard deviation; CI confidence interval; bas basal; ap apical; Post posterior; AntSept anteroseptal; Sept septal; Lat lateral; Inf inferior; Ant anterior. *p < 0.05 compared with healthy controls