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Table 1 Preoperative characteristics of patients with and without concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty

From: Impact of concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty on right ventricular remodeling in patients with rheumatic mitral valve disease

Variables TAP group (n = 124) Non-TAP group (n = 46) P value
Age, y 53.0 (47.0, 62.0) 50.0 (44.0, 59.0) 0.03
Female 98 (79%) 33 (72%) 0.32
Body surface area, m2 1.53 (1.45, 1.62) 1.59 (1.49, 1.66) 0.04
NYHA functional class III-IV 92 (74%) 22 (48%) 0.001
Atrial fibrillation 99 (80%) 16 (35%) <  0.001
Echocardiographic data
 LV end-diastolic volume, ml 102.0 (86.3, 127.8) 100.5 (88.8, 120.0) 0.99
 LV ejection fraction, % 61.0 (54.0, 66.0) 67.0 (60.0, 68.3) <  0.001
 Left atrial volume, ml 135.0 (99.0, 173.0) 119.5 (89.2, 138.0) 0.03
 Right atrial volume, ml 51.1 (39.7, 67.0) 33.5 (25.8, 44.0) <  0.001
TR grade
 None to trace 3 (3%) 17 (37%) <  0.001
 Mild 29 (23%) 29 (63%) <  0.001
 Moderate 57 (46%) 0 <  0.001
 Severe 35 (28%) 0 <  0.001
TV annulus diameter, mm 34.0 (31.0, 36.8) 28.0 (27.0, 31.0) <  0.001
Indexed TV annulus diameter, mm/m2 22.3 (20.6, 23.8) 18.2 (17.2, 19.6) <  0.001
Pulmonary artery systolic pressure, mmHg 38.6 (33.0, 47.8) 29.8 (24.4, 38.0) <  0.001
 RV inlet dimension, mm 36.3 (32.9, 39.3) 32.9 (31.3, 37.0) <  0.001
 TAPSE, mm 11.9 (9.1, 15.2) 14.4 (10.4, 17.4) 0.01
 RV fractional area change, % 40.2 (34.0, 44.9) 41.7 (36.0, 47.8) 0.09
 Tissue Doppler of the tricuspid annulus, cm/s 9.2 (7.9, 10.7) 9.7 (8.2, 11.8) 0.15
 RV end-diastolic volume, ml 51.3 (43.4, 64.6) 41.3 (35.8, 46.1) <  0.001
 RV ejection fraction, % 32.6 (28.6, 35.2) 40.9 (36.6, 46.1) <  0.001
 RVLS of free wall, % −15.5 (−18.6, −13.4) −22.0 (−24.3, −18.7) <  0.001
 RVLS of septal wall, % −10.2 (−11.9, −8.6) −12.3 (− 13.7, −10.9) <  0.001
Operative data
 Concomitant MAZE procedures 59 (48%) 2 (4%) <  0.001
 Mechanical mitral prosthesis 94 (76%) 39 (85%) 0.21
 Cardiopulmonary bypass time, min 100.0 (84.0, 126.8) 78.5 (66.8, 99.2) <  0.001
 MV lesion
  Stenosis 79 (64%) 34 (74%) 0.21
  Regurgitation 17 (14%) 6 (13%) 0.91
  Mixed 28 (23%) 6 (13%) 0.17
  1. LV left ventricle, MV mitral valve, NYHA New York Heart Association, RV right ventricle, RVLS right ventricular longitudinal strain, TAP tricuspid annuloplasty, TAPSE tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, TR tricuspid regurgitation, TV tricuspid valve
  2. Data are expressed as median (interquartile range) or n (%)