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Table 2 Clinical and echocardiographic data at 1-year follow-up

From: Impact of concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty on right ventricular remodeling in patients with rheumatic mitral valve disease

  One year follow-up data Compared with preoperative data Two-way ANOVA
TAP (n = 124) Non –TAP (n = 46) P value TAP (n = 124) Non –TAP (n = 46) Interaction
NYHA functional class III-IV 21 (17%) 1 (2%) 0.009 <  0.001 <  0.001
Atrial fibrillation 54 (44%) 11 (24%) 0.02 <  0.001 0.13
Echocardiographic data
 TR grade
  None to trace 76 (61%) 11 (24%) <  0.001 <  0.001 0.18
  Mild 33 (27%) 24 (52%) 0.002 0.67 0.35
  Moderate 14 (11%) 10 (22%) 0.09 <  0.001 0.002
  Severe 1 (1%) 1 (2%) 0.47 <  0.001 1.00
 LV end-diastolic volume, ml 102.0 (85.3, 112.0) 104.0 (90.5, 116.0) 0.42 0.06 0.54 0.76
 LV ejection fraction, % 60.0 (58.0, 63.0) 61.0 (58.0, 62.3) 0.33 0.67 0.003 0.03
 Left atrial volume, ml 86.9 (66.4, 114.0) 83.8 (57.8, 106.5) 0.15 <  0.001 <  0.001 0.63
 Right atrial volume, ml 38.4 (31.7, 52.0) 38.6 (29.5, 44.6) 0.20 <  0.001 0.08 <  0.001
 Pulmonary artery systolic pressure, mmHg 24.3 (20.7, 29.8) 24.7 (21.2, 28.1) 0.81 <  0.001 <  0.001 <  0.001
 RV inlet dimension, mm 35.7 (32.9, 38.5) 35.8 (33.1, 37.3) 0.52 0.13 0.006 0.13
 TAPSE, mm 12.3 (9.4, 14.3) 13.3 (11.2, 15.5) 0.03 0.42 0.06 0.27
 RV fractional area change, % 42.3 (37.5, 46.6) 42.8 (38.4, 47.9) 0.35 0.005 0.16 0.44
 Tissue Doppler of the tricuspid annulus, cm/s 8.6 (7.6, 9.4) 8.5 (7.9, 9.5) 0.77 <  0.001 <  0.001 0.24
 RV end-diastolic volume, ml 44.5 (36.8, 51.4) 48.0 (42.9, 57.4) 0.01 <  0.001 <  0.001 <  0.001
 RV ejection fraction, % 38.1 (34.5, 42.0) 38.6 (34.3, 42.4) 0.72 <  0.001 0.001 <  0.001
 RVLS of free wall, % −18.2 (−19.8, −15.9) −19.2 (−20.7, −15.7) 0.32 <  0.001 <  0.001 <  0.001
 RVLS of septal wall, % −12.1 (− 15.8, −10.6) −11.4 (−13.5, −8.9) 0.06 <  0.001 0.14 <  0.001
  1. LV left ventricle, NYHA New York Heart Association, RV right ventricle, RVLS right ventricular longitudinal strain, TAP tricuspid annuloplasty, TR tricuspid regurgitation
  2. Data are expressed as median (interquartile range) or n (%)