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Table 1 Subject details

From: Moderately trained male football players, compared to sedentary male adults, exhibit anatomical but not functional cardiac remodelling, a cross-sectional study

  Athletes Controls Difference
Parameter    p-value
N 23 16  
Demography
Age (years) 25 (18–31) 23 (19–31) 0.329
Weight (kg) 79 (67–93) 85 (55–110) 0.128
Height (m) 1.81 (1.65–1.95) 1.87 (1.70–1.96) 0.061
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.1 (21.9–26.1) 24.4 (19.0–31.5) 0.877
Body surface area (m2) 2.00 (1.78–2.25) 2.12 (1.63–2.43) 0.043
Exercise per week (hours) 12 (8–20) 1 (0–4) < 0.001
Heart rate at rest (beats/min) 58 (47–85) 71 (59–82) 0.007
Systolic blood pressure at rest (mmHg) 130 (110–150) 130 (120–160) 0.612
Bicycle exercise test
Max load (Watts) 380 (300–440) 300 (210–380) < 0.001
Max heart rate (beats/min) 184 (169–203) 190 (171–203) 0.012
Calc max oxygen consumption (L/min) 3.98 (3.09–4.64) 3.19 (2.16–3.98) < 0.001
Calc max oxygen consumption (mL/kg/min) 49.7 (43.0–56.7) 37.4 (29.0–47.4) < 0.001
  1. Values are median and interquartile range