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Table 2 Characteristic parameters related to RV lead placement in patients understudy

From: Predictors of worsening TR severity after right ventricular lead placement: any added value by post-procedural fluoroscopy versus three –dimensional echocardiography?

  Subgroup Frequency (percent) VC changes after lead placement
Lead placement type ICD (single and dual chamber) 34 (66.6)
PPM (single and dual chamber) 5 (9.8)
CRT (CRT-D or CRT-P) 12 (23.5)
RV lead tip position Apex 44 (86.2) 0.79 ± 1.11
septum 5 (9.8) 0.45 ± 0.81
Outflow tract 2 (3.9) 1.43 ± 2.26
RV lead curve Large 33 (64.7) 0.99 ± 1.12
Medium 18 (35.3) 0.38 ± 1.14
RV lead relation to the tricuspid valve ring Middle 29 (56.8) 0.61 ± 1.15
Low 21 (41.2) 1.02 ± 1.14
High 1 (1.9) −2.00 ± 0.00
RV lead mobility state Mid 33 (64.7) 0.62 ± 1.19
Low 12 (23.5) 0.91 ± 1.07
High 6 (11.7) 1.28 ± 0.68
Lead location in 3DECH Central 22(37.3) 0.38 ± 1.03
Anterior leaflet 2 (3.4) 1.75 ± 0.35
posterior-septal Commissure 9 (15.3) 0.04 ± 0.25
Septal leaflet 8 (13.6) 1.40 ± 0.89
Posterior leaflet 5 (8.5) 2.55 ± 1.23
anterior-posterior Commissure 5 (8.5) 0.84 ± 0.83