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Table 2 Conventional echocardiographic parameters of the study population

From: Two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography in assessing the subclinical myocardial dysfunction in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus

Variables Controls GDM p-value
IVS (mm) 8.40 ± 0.93 9.46 ± 1.07  < 0.001
LVPW (mm) 8.57 ± 0.90 9.61 ± 0.99  < 0.001
LVEDd (mm) 44.01 ± 2.58 44.88 ± 3.09 0.112
LVESd (mm) 22.90 ± 2.92 23.89 ± 2.87 0.080
RWT 0.39 ± 0.04 0.43 ± 0.05  < 0.001
LVMI (g/m2) 69.65 ± 12.92 79.86 ± 14.77  < 0.001
LVEF (%) 68.08 ± 5.59 66.26 ± 6.73 0.135
SVI (ml/m2) 37.66 ± 7.35 35.24 ± 6.81 0.079
LAVI (ml/m2) 24.94 ± 6.12 23.80 ± 5.77 0.322
E velocity (cm/s) 94.16 ± 14.89 90.76 ± 16.72 0.277
A velocity (cm/s) 63.53 ± 13.56 67.09 ± 15.94 0.226
E/A 1.54 ± 0.35 1.54 ± 0.92 0.975
Mean e' (cm/s) 14.67 ± 2.17 13.24 ± 2.34 0.002
Mean E/e' 6.50 ± 1.17 7.09 ± 1.77 0.053
  1. GDM Gestational diabetes mellitus, IVS Interventricular septum, LVPW Left ventricular posterior wall, LVEDd Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, LVESd Left ventricular end-systolic diameter, RWT Relative wall thickness, LVMI Left ventricular mass index, LVEF Left ventricular ejection fraction, SVI Stroke volume index, LAVI Left atrial volume index