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  1. Recent advances in technology have provided the opportunity for off-line analysis of digital video-clips of two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiographic images.

    Authors: C Bussadori, A Moreo, M Di Donato, B De Chiara, D Negura, E Dall'Aglio, E Lobiati, M Chessa, C Arcidiacono, JS Dua, F Mauri and M Carminati

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2009 7:8

    Content type: Research

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  2. The present case report illustrates the clinical applicability of the proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method in identifying, locating and assessing paravalvular prosthetic mitral regurgitation by tran...

    Authors: Stephane Arques, Caroline Leonnet, Emmanuel Roux and Jean-François Avierinos

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2009 7:7

    Content type: Case report

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  3. The role of speckle tracking in the assessment of left atrial (LA) deformation dynamics is not established. We sought to determine the feasibility and reference ranges of LA longitudinal strain indices measure...

    Authors: Matteo Cameli, Maria Caputo, Sergio Mondillo, Piercarlo Ballo, Elisabetta Palmerini, Matteo Lisi, Enzo Marino and Maurizio Galderisi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2009 7:6

    Content type: Research

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  4. D-Ribose, a pentose sugar, has shown to improve myocardial high-energy phosphate stores depleted by ischemia. This study investigated the ability of D-Ribose with low dose dobutamine to improve the contractile...

    Authors: Stephen G Sawada, Stephen Lewis, Roxanne Kovacs, Samer Khouri, Irmina Gradus-Pizlo, John A St Cyr and Harvey Feigenbaum

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2009 7:5

    Content type: Research

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  5. Primary intracardiac tumours are rare, there are however several entities that can mimic tumours. Contrast echocardiography has been suggested to aid the differentiation of various suspected masses. We present...

    Authors: Magnus Dencker and Anna Missios

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2009 7:4

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Cardiac tamponade is the phenomenon of hemodynamic compromise caused by a pericardial effusion. Following a myocardial infarction, the most common causes of pericardial fluid include early pericarditis, Dressl...

    Authors: Thang Nguyen, Kanwal Kumar, Andrew Francis, Jonathan R Walker, Michael Raabe, Shelley Zieroth and Davinder S Jassal

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2009 7:3

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) improves mortality and morbidity in heart failure patients with wide QRS. Observational studies suggest that patients having more left ventricular dyssynchrony pre-impla...

    Authors: Magnus Edner, Yong Kim, Knud Norregaard Hansen, Henrik Nissen, Geert Espersen, Karl La Rosee, Fikru Maru, Nick Freemantle, John Cleland and Peter Sogaard

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2009 7:1

    Content type: Research

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  8. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) provides benefit for congestive heart failure, but still 30% of patients failed to respond to such therapy. This lack of response may be due to the presence of significa...

    Authors: Marie Moonen, Mario Senechal, Bernard Cosyns, Pierre Melon, Eric Nellessen, Luc Pierard and Patrizio Lancellotti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:65

    Content type: Research

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  9. Genetic testing has become an increasingly important part of medical practice for heritable form of cardiomyopathies. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and about 50% of idiopathic dilatative cardiomyopathy are famil...

    Authors: Maria Giovanna Colombo, Nicoletta Botto, Simona Vittorini, Umberto Paradossi and Maria Grazia Andreassi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:62

    Content type: Review

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  10. While both flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) in the brachial artery (BA), which measures endothelium-dependent vasodilatation, and intima-media thickness (IMT) in the carotid artery are correlated with the prog...

    Authors: Bonpei Takase, Yoshihiro Matsushima, Akimi Uehata, Masayuki Ishihara and Akira Kurita

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:61

    Content type: Research

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  11. We present images of a rare case where a primary lung tumour was visualised by transthoracic echocardiography. The patient was a 78-year-old male where Chest X-ray had revealed a tumour-suspected structure in ...

    Authors: Magnus Dencker, Carin Cronberg, Sabine Damm, Sven Valind and Monica Wadbo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:60

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Trans-mitral Doppler produces complex patterns with a great deal of variability. There are several confusing numerical measures and indices to study these patterns. However trans-mitral Doppler produces readym...

    Authors: George Thomas

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:59

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  13. Cardiac resynchronization Therapy (CRT) is an effective therapy for chronic heart failure with beneficial hemodynamic effects leading to a reduction of morbidity and mortality. The responder rates, however, ar...

    Authors: Fabian Knebel, Sebastian Schattke, Hansjürgen Bondke, Christoph Richter, Christoph Melzer, Henryk Dreger, Andrea Grohmann, Gert Baumann and Adrian C Borges

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:58

    Content type: Research

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  14. Decompensated heart failure may present with severe hypertension in patients with preserved (PreEF) or reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (RedEF) and is clinically indistinguishable. Previously, w...

    Authors: Steven J Lavine and Donald A Conetta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:57

    Content type: Research

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  15. Multiparametric echocardiographic imaging of the failing heart is now increasingly used and useful in decision making in heart failure. The reasons for this, relies on the need of different strategies of handl...

    Authors: Luiz C Danzmann, Luiz Carlos Bodanese, Ilmar Köhler and Marco R Torres

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:56

    Content type: Review

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  16. Left ventricular size and function are important prognostic factors in heart disease. Their measurement is the most frequent reason for sending patients to the echo lab. These measurements have important impli...

    Authors: Eva Maret, Lars Brudin, Lena Lindstrom, Eva Nylander, Jan L Ohlsson and Jan E Engvall

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:55

    Content type: Research

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  17. Medline research indicates that an increasing number of manuscripts have been published in the last decade claiming, the feasibility and the potential clinical role of tissue Doppler and strain/strain rate ima...

    Authors: Rodolfo Citro, Eduardo Bossone, Bettina Kuersten, Giovanni Gregorio and Alessandro Salustri

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:54

    Content type: Review

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  18. To describe the findings and evaluate appropriateness of a carotid artery study including the measurement of IMT, the presence of atherosclerotic plaque, and their correlation with cardiovascular risk factors.

    Authors: Liz Andréa Villela Baroncini, Aguinaldo de Oliveira, Enrique Antonio Vidal, Graciliano José França, Paulo Sérgio Dalla Bona Stahlke, Alexandre Alessi and Dalton Bertolim Précoma

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:52

    Content type: Research

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  19. The systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PAPs) can be accurately estimated, non-invasively, using continuous-wave Doppler (CWD) ultrasound measurement of the peak velocity of a tricuspid regurgitant (TR) jet.

    Authors: Luis R Lopes, Maria J Loureiro, Rita Miranda, Sofia Almeida, Ana R Almeida, Ana Cordeiro, Carlos Cotrim and Manuel Carrageta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:51

    Content type: Research

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  20. Echocardiography is increasingly used in the management of the critically ill patient as a non-invasive diagnostic and monitoring tool. Whilst in few countries specialized national training schemes for intensi...

    Authors: Susanna Price, Gabriele Via, Erik Sloth, Fabio Guarracino, Raoul Breitkreutz, Emanuele Catena and Daniel Talmor

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:49

    Content type: Review

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  21. Coronary angiography is considered to be the gold standard technique for assessing the severity of obstructive luminal narrowing; however, in a few circumstances it may be misleading. In these cases, cardiac c...

    Authors: Domenico M Zardi, Enrico M Zardi, Andrea Berni, Cristiana Nannini, Biagio Andrea Pace, Stefano Santucci and Massimo Volpe

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:48

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Global cardiovascular risk is a new approach which allows the physicians to quantitate the prognosis of the patients. It is therefore possible that a score, based on the major cardiovascular risk factors, is c...

    Authors: Aldo Pende, Caterina Grondona and Stefano Bertolini

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:47

    Content type: Research

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  23. The aim of this prospective study was to assess the diagnostic value of NT-proBNP and the concordance with Tissue Doppler Echocardiography (including strain and longitudinal displacement) in diastolic and syst...

    Authors: Fabian Knebel, Stephan Eddicks, Ingolf Schimke, Michael Bierbaum, Sebastian Schattke, Mark Beling, Vanessa Raab, Gert Baumann and Adrian C Borges

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:45

    Content type: Research

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  24. Normalization of brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) to individual shear stress area under the curve (peak FMD:SSAUC ratio) has recently been proposed as an approach to control for the large inter-subjec...

    Authors: Jaume Padilla, Blair D Johnson, Sean C Newcomer, Daniel P Wilhite, Timothy D Mickleborough, Alyce D Fly, Kieren J Mather and Janet P Wallace

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:44

    Content type: Research

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  25. Mexican-Americans (MA) exhibit increases in various cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors compared to non-Hispanic Whites (NHW), yet are reported to have lower CVD mortality rates. Our aim was to help expl...

    Authors: Julius M Gardin, Zuhair Allebban, Nathan D Wong, Sharon K Sklar, Renee L Bess, M Anne Spence and Harrihar A Pershadsingh

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:43

    Content type: Research

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  26. Non-invasive 3-dimensional (3D) ultrasound (US) has emerged as the predominant approach for evaluating the progression of carotid atherosclerosis and its response to treatment. The aim of this study was to inv...

    Authors: Malte Ludwig, Tomasz Zielinski, Dieter Schremmer and Klaus O Stumpe

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:42

    Content type: Research

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  27. Recently, a cutaneous force-frequency relation recording system based on first heart sound amplitude vibrations has been validated. A further application is the assessment of Second Heart Sound (S2) amplitude ...

    Authors: Tonino Bombardini, Vincenzo Gemignani, Elisabetta Bianchini, Lucia Venneri, Christina Petersen, Emilio Pasanisi, Lorenza Pratali, Mascia Pianelli, Francesco Faita, Massimo Giannoni, Giorgio Arpesella and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:41

    Content type: Research

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  28. Light chain amyloidosis (AL) is a rare but often fatal disease due to intractable heart failure. Amyloid deposition leads to diastolic dysfunction and often preserved ejection fraction. We hypothesize that AL ...

    Authors: Raymond Q Migrino, Leanne Harmann, Timothy Woods, Megan Bright, Seth Truran and Parameswaran Hari

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:40

    Content type: Research

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  29. Although left bundle branch block (LBBB) alters the electrical activation of the heart, it is unknown how it might change the process of myocardial coordination (MC) and how it may affect the left ventricular ...

    Authors: Miguel Quintana, Samir Saha, Satish Govind, Lars Åke Brodin, Francesca del Furia and Vicente Bertomeu

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:39

    Content type: Research

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  30. Transesophageal echocardiography has advantages over transthoracic technique in defining morphology of atrial structures. Even though real time three-dimensional echocardiographic imaging is a reality, the off...

    Authors: Francisco-Javier Roldán, Jesús Vargas-Barrón, Clara Vázquez-Antona, Luis Muñoz Castellanos, Julio Erdmenger-Orellana, Ángel Romero-Cárdenas and Marco-Antonio Martínez-Ríos

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:38

    Content type: Research

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  31. To describe two cases of Takotsubo like myocardial contractile pattern during exercise stress test secondary to hypertensive response.

    Authors: Abhijeet Dhoble, Sahar S Abdelmoneim, Mathieu Bernier, Jae K Oh and Sharon L Mulvagh

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:37

    Content type: Case report

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  32. The high frequency of premature death from cardiovascular disease in indigenous Australians is often attributed to the high prevalence of risk factors, especially type II diabetes mellitus (DM). We evaluated t...

    Authors: Brian A Haluska, Lionel Chan, Leanne Jeffriess, A Andrew Shaw, Joanne Shaw and Thomas H Marwick

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:36

    Content type: Research

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  33. Atrial septal defect (ASD) accounts for 10% of all congenital heart lesions and represent the third most congenital cardiac defect seen in adults. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is an important regulator of ...

    Authors: Jingdong Ding, Genshan Ma, Yaoyao Huang, Xiaoli Zhang, Biao Liu and Fengxiang Lu

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:35

    Content type: Research

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  34. Stroke is the third most common cause of death in the UK and the largest single cause of severe disability. Each year more than 110,000 people in England suffer from a stroke which costs the National Health Se...

    Authors: Muhammad A Saleem, Umar Sadat, Stewart R Walsh, Victoria E Young, Jonathan H Gillard, David G Cooper and Michael E Gaunt

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:34

    Content type: Review

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  35. Image-based B-mode ultrasound has gained popularity in major studies as a non-invasive method of measuring cardio- and cerebrovascular risk factors. However, none of the major studies appears to have paid suff...

    Authors: M Sandrock, J Hansel, J Schulze, D Schmitz, A Niess, H Burkhardt and A Schmidt-Trucksaess

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:32

    Content type: Research

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  36. Real-time three-dimensional (RT-3D) echocardiography has entered the clinical practice but true incremental value over standard two-dimensional echocardiography (2D) remains uncertain when applied to stress ec...

    Authors: Silvia Varnero, Patricia Santagata, Lorenza Pratali, Massimiliano Basso, Alfredo Gandolfo and Paolo Bellotti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:31

    Content type: Research

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  37. Recent American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology guidelines state that "dobutamine stress echo has substantially higher sensitivity than vasodilator stress echo for detection of coronary artery...

    Authors: Eugenio Picano, Sabrina Molinaro and Emilio Pasanisi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:30

    Content type: Research

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  38. Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) leads to hemodynamic and clinical improvement in heart failure patients. The established methods to evaluate myocardial asynchrony analyze longitudinal and radial myocar...

    Authors: Fabian Knebel, Sebastian Schattke, Hansjürgen Bondke, Stephan Eddicks, Andrea Grohmann, Gert Baumann and Adrian C Borges

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:28

    Content type: Research

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  39. To evaluate whether myocardial performance index detects a subclinical impairment of left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in patients with early stage of type 2 diabetes, without coronary artery di...

    Authors: Paolo Pattoneri, Fabiola B Sozzi, Elisabetta Catellani, Antonella Piazza, Roberto Iotti, Massimo Michelini, Matteo Goldoni, Alberico Borghetti, Maria Domenica Cappellini and Valeria Manicardi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:27

    Content type: Research

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  40. To compare the accuracy of simplified 3-dimensional (3-D) echocardiography vs. multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) software for the quantification of left ventricular (LV) volumes.

    Authors: Mattias Mårtensson, Reidar Winter, Kerstin Cederlund, Jonaz Ripsweden, Habib Mir-Akbari, Jacek Nowak and Lars-Åke Brodin

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:26

    Content type: Research

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  41. The cardioprotective effects of certain alcoholic beverages are partly related to their polyphenol content, which may improve the vasodilatory reactivity of arteries. Effect of cognac on coronary circulation, ...

    Authors: Tuomas O Kiviniemi, Antti Saraste, Jyri O Toikka, Markku Saraste, Olli T Raitakari, Jussi P Pärkkä, Terho Lehtimäki, Jaakko J Hartiala, Jorma Viikari and Juha W Koskenvuo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:25

    Content type: Research

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  42. Primary or spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an unusual but increasingly recognized cause of acute myocardial ischemia and sudden cardiac death. Typically, SCAD presents in younger patients with...

    Authors: Jayanth R Arnold, Nick EJ West, William J van Gaal, Theodoros D Karamitsos and Adrian P Banning

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:24

    Content type: Case report

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