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  1. Previous studies demonstrated a modest association between C-Reactive Protein (CRP), stenosis of carotid artery, and carotid Intima-Media Thickness (IMT) in general population. During present study, we aimed t...

    Authors: Parvin Shakouri, Nariman Nezami, Mohammad Kazem Tarzamni and Reza Javad Rashid

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:23

    Content type: Research

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  2. Dyssynchrony of myocardial deformation is usually described in terms of variability only (e.g. standard deviations SD's). A description in terms of the spatio-temporal distribution pattern (vector-analysis) of...

    Authors: Bart WL De Boeck, Borut Kirn, Arco J Teske, Ralph W Hummeling, Pieter A Doevendans, Maarten J Cramer and Frits W Prinzen

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:22

    Content type: Research

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  3. Diagnosis costs for cardiovascular disease waste a large amount of healthcare resources. The aim of the study is to evaluate the clinical and economic outcomes of alternative diagnostic strategies in low risk ...

    Authors: Gigliola Bedetti, Emilio Maria Pasanisi, Carmine Pizzi, Giuseppe Turchetti and Cosimo Loré

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:21

    Content type: Research

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  4. African Americans (AA) have higher rates of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than Caucasians (CA). Despite its excellent negative predictive value, the influence of race on the prognostic implications of...

    Authors: Ajay V Srivastava, Karthik Ananthasubramaniam, Salil J Patel, Natesh Lingam and Gordon Jacobsen

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:20

    Content type: Research

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  5. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction is an independent predictor of adverse outcome in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The classical quantification of intraventricular obstruction is performed in rest...

    Authors: Rita Miranda, Carlos Cotrim, Nuno Cardim, Sofia Almeida, Luís Lopes, Maria José Loureiro, Otília Simões, Pedro Cordeiro, Paula Fazendas, Isabel João and Manuel Carrageta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:19

    Content type: Research

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  6. Accumulation of lipids within coronary plaques is an important process in disease progression. However, gray-scale intravascular ultrasound images cannot detect plaque lipids effectively. Radiofrequency signal...

    Authors: Hisao Hara, Taro Tsunoda, Naohiko Nemoto, Itaru Yokouchi, Masaya Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Ono, Masao Moroi, Makoto Suzuki, Kaoru Sugi and Masato Nakamura

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:18

    Content type: Research

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  7. Heart failure from adverse ventricular remodeling follows myocardial infarction, but the contribution of periinfarct and remote myocardium to the development of cardiomyopathy remains poorly defined. 2D strain...

    Authors: Raymond Q Migrino, Xiaoguang Zhu, Mineshkumar Morker, Tejas Brahmbhatt, Megan Bright and Ming Zhao

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:17

    Content type: Research

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  8. Differential diagnosis between acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (APE) and acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) may often be difficult. We evaluated the ability of chest sonography ...

    Authors: Roberto Copetti, Gino Soldati and Paolo Copetti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:16

    Content type: Research

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  9. A cutaneous force-frequency relation recording system based on first heart sound amplitude vibrations has been recently validated. Second heart sound can be simultaneously recorded in order to quantify both sy...

    Authors: Tonino Bombardini, Vincenzo Gemignani, Elisabetta Bianchini, Lucia Venneri, Christina Petersen, Emilio Pasanisi, Lorenza Pratali, David Alonso-Rodriguez, Mascia Pianelli, Francesco Faita, Massimo Giannoni, Giorgio Arpesella and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:15

    Content type: Research

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  10. Ultrasound speckle tracking from grey scale images allows the assessment of regional strain derived from 2D regardless of angle intonation, and it is highly reproducible. The study aimed to evaluate regional l...

    Authors: Laura Stefani, Loira Toncelli, Valentina Di Tante, Maria Concetta Roberta Vono, Brunello Cappelli, Gianni Pedrizzetti and Giorgio Galanti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:14

    Content type: Research

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  11. This study explores the feasibility of non-invasive evaluation of left ventricular (LV) flow-volume dynamics using 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography, and the capacity of such an approach to identify altered ...

    Authors: Kambiz Shahgaldi, Emil Söderqvist, Petri Gudmundsson, Reidar Winter, Jacek Nowak and Lars-Åke Brodin

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:13

    Content type: Technical notes

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  12. Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a validated method for detecting coronary artery disease. Transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) of flow a...

    Authors: Eva Maret, Jan Engvall, Eva Nylander and Jan Ohlsson

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:12

    Content type: Research

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  13. Echocardiography is widely used in the management of patients with cardiogenic shock (CS). Left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) has been shown to be an independent predictor of survival in CS. Tissue Dopple...

    Authors: Adnan K Hameed, Tirath Gosal, Tielan Fang, Roien Ahmadie, Matthew Lytwyn, Ivan Barac, Shelley Zieroth, Farrukh Hussain and Davinder S Jassal

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:11

    Content type: Research

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  14. Arterial diameter and intima-media thickness (IMT) enlargement may each be related to the atherosclerotic process. Their separate or combined enlargement may indicate different arterial phenotypes with differe...

    Authors: Marsha L Eigenbrodt, Zoran Bursac, Richard E Tracy, Jawahar L Mehta, Kathryn M Rose and David J Couper

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:10

    Content type: Research

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  15. Few data exist regarding the direct effects of caffeine and smoking on cardiac function. We sought to explore the acute effects of caffeine assumption, cigarette smoking, or both on left ventricular (LV) and r...

    Authors: Elisa Giacomin, Elisabetta Palmerini, Piercarlo Ballo, Valerio Zacà, Giovanni Bova and Sergio Mondillo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:9

    Content type: Research

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  16. During a soccer game, the cardiovascular system is severely taxed The referees must be alert and their level of fitness must be such that fatigue will not impair their decision-making. Referee's peak overall p...

    Authors: G Galanti, A Pizzi, M Lucarelli, L Stefani, M Gianassi, V Di Tante, L Toncelli, A Moretti and F Del Furia

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:8

    Content type: Research

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  17. The aim of this paper is to highlight coronary investigation by transthoracic Doppler evaluation. This application has recently been introduced into clinical practice and has received enthusiastic feedback in ...

    Authors: Fausto Rigo, Bruno Murer, Giovanni Ossena and Enrico Favaretto

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:7

    Content type: Technical notes

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  18. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and carotid intima-medial thickness (CIMT), measured by ultrasound, are widely used to test the efficacy of cardioprotective interventions. Although assessment methods vary, automa...

    Authors: Kathleen Potter, Christopher J Reed, Daniel J Green, Graeme J Hankey and Leonard F Arnolda

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:6

    Content type: Research

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  19. We present a case of an individual who presented with acute severe mitral regurgitation in the setting of an inferior ST elevation myocardial infarction. Both transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography...

    Authors: Andrew Czarnecki, Amar Thakrar, Tielan Fang, Matthew Lytwyn, Roien Ahmadie, Edward Pascoe and Davinder S Jassal

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:5

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Intraseptal hematoma and subsequent myocardial infarction due to accidental contrast agent deposition complicating diagnostic cineventriculography is a previously undescribed complication of angiography.

    Authors: Andrea Grohmann, Thomas Elgeti, Stephan Eddicks, Fabian Knebel, Wolfgang Rutsch, Christoph Melzer, Gert Baumann and Adrian C Borges

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:4

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Electrical fusion between left ventricular pacing and spontaneous right ventricular activation is considered the key to resynchronisation in sinus rhythm patients treated with single-site left ventricular pacing.

    Authors: Lorella Gianfranchi, Katia Bettiol, Biagio Sassone, Roberto Verlato, Giorgio Corbucci and Paolo Alboni

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:1

    Content type: Research

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  22. Statins improve the endothelial function in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, they contribute to the substantial decrease in coronary heart disease by reducing plasma cholesterol levels. Th...

    Authors: Ahmet Yildiz, M Akif Cakar, Murat Baskurt, Barıs Okcun, Deniz Guzelsoy and Ugur Coskun

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:51

    Content type: Technical notes

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  23. We describe the case of a 30-year-old female patient with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension that has an excellent functional capacity under treatment with sildenafil. She did an exercise stress ech...

    Authors: Carlos Cotrim, Maria J Loureiro, Rita Miranda, Sofia Almeida, Ana R Almeida, Otília Simões, Pedro Cordeiro and Manuel Carrageta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:50

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Aim of this study was to elucidate the relation between localised inflammatory heart disease and endothelial dysfunction in the peripheral circulation, considering circulating cytokines as a potential link.

    Authors: Katja B Vallbracht-Israng, Ilkay Kazak and Peter L Schwimmbeck

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:49

    Content type: Research

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  25. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility and accuracy of an integrated stress imaging algorithm with echo first and second-line Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) in selected cases. Stress echo (SE) is...

    Authors: Rosa Sicari, Alessandro Pingitore, Giovanni Aquaro, Emilio G Pasanisi, Massimo Lombardi and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:47

    Content type: Research

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  26. Cardiac reserve can be used to predict survival and outcome in patients with heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate if native cardiac reserve could predict survival after myocardial infarction...

    Authors: Margareta Scharin Täng, Truls Råmunddal, Malin Lindbom and Elmir Omerovic

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:46

    Content type: Research

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  27. Aorta Coarctation (AC) is uncommon condition that in most adult patients is asymptomatic. Diagnosis of AC is made during routine physical examination by detection of Blood Pressure (BP) difference between arm ...

    Authors: Mohammad Kazem Tarzamni, Nariman Nezami, Mohammad Reza Ardalan, Jalal Etemadi, Hamid Noshad, Fatemeh Gatreh Samani and Mehrnoush Toufan

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:44

    Content type: Research

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  28. The aim of this investigation is to demonstrate that in Ebstein's Anomaly (EA) the right ventricle (RV) is affected in its three portions and to establish an anatomoechocardiographic correlation between the an...

    Authors: Luis Muñoz-Castellanos, Nilda Espinola-Zavaleta, Magdalena Kuri-Nivón and Candace Keirns

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:43

    Content type: Research

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  29. The inherent ability of ventricular myocardium to increase its force of contraction in response to an increase in contraction frequency is known as the cardiac force-frequency relation (FFR). This relation can...

    Authors: Tonino Bombardini, Vincenzo Gemignani, Elisabetta Bianchini, Lucia Venneri, Christina Petersen, Emilio Pasanisi, Lorenza Pratali, Mascia Pianelli, Francesco Faita, Massimo Giannoni and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:42

    Content type: Research

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  30. Doppler echocardiography is useful in the initial evaluation and long-term follow-up of patients with pulmonary artery hypertension. Aerosolised iloprost has been shown to reduce pulmonary pressure immediately...

    Authors: Maria José Loureiro, Carlos Cotrim, Otília Simões, Rita Miranda, Pedro Cordeiro and Manuel Carrageta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:41

    Content type: Case report

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  31. A continuous infusion of a single high dose of dobutamine has been, recently, suggested as a simple and effective protocol of stress echocardiography. The present study assesses the feasibility, safety, and to...

    Authors: Giovanni Minardi, Carla Manzara, Giovanni Pulignano, Paolo G Pino, Herribert Pavaci and Martina Sordi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:40

    Content type: Research

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  32. Exercise echocardiography (EE) is an established method to diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD). Chronotropic incompetence (CI) during the EE may be a marker of myocardial ischemia. The purpose of this inves...

    Authors: Joselina LM Oliveira, Thiago JS Góes, Thaiana A Santana, Thiago F Travassos, Lívia D Teles, Fernando D Anjos-Andrade, Adão C Nascimento-Júnior, Érica O Alves, Martha A Barreto, José A Barreto-Filho, Argemiro D'Oliveira Jr and Antônio CS Sousa

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:38

    Content type: Research

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  33. In April 2007, the American College of Radiology released the "White Paper on Radiation Dose in Medicine". The Blue Ribbon panel members included private practice and academic diagnostic radiologists, medical ...

    Authors: Eugenio Picano, Eliseo Vano, Richard Semelka and Dieter Regulla

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:37

    Content type: Research

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  34. Tako-tsubo syndrome (TTS) in its typical (apical) and atypical (non-apical) forms is being increasingly recognized in the West owing to early systematic coronary angiography in acute coronary syndromes (ACS).

    Authors: F Cangella, A Medolla, G De Fazio, C Iuliano, N Curcio, L Salemme, G Mottola and Marco Agrusta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:36

    Content type: Research

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  35. Non-invasive imaging of coronary arteries by transthoracic echocardiography is an emerging diagnostic tool to study the left main (LM), left descending artery (LAD), circumflex (Cx) and right coronary artery (...

    Authors: Espen Holte, Johnny Vegsundvåg and Rune Wiseth

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:33

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Myocardial diastolic tissue velocities are reduced already in newly onset Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Poor disease control may lead to left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction and heart failure. The aim ...

    Authors: Antti Loimaala, Kaj Groundstroem, Marjo Rinne, Arja Nenonen, Heini Huhtala and Ilkka Vuori

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:32

    Content type: Research

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  37. In patients with advanced non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NIC), right-sided cardiac disturbances has prognostic implications. Right coronary artery (RCA) flow pattern and flow reserve (CFR) are not well known in ...

    Authors: Pedro Graziosi, Barbara Ianni, Expedito Ribeiro, Marco Perin, Leonardo Beck, Claudio Meneghetti, Charles Mady, Eulogio Martinez Filho and Jose AF Ramires

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:31

    Content type: Research

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  38. Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) is a useful imaging modality that is now being used more widely to assist in the percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects (ASD) and patent foramen ovales (PFO).

    Authors: Ravinay Bhindi, John Timperley and Oliver J Ormerod

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:30

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) measured by B-mode ultrasonography is a marker of atherosclerosis and is commonly used as an outcome in intervention trials. We have developed DICOM-based software that me...

    Authors: Kathleen Potter, Daniel J Green, Christopher J Reed, Richard J Woodman, Gerald F Watts, Brendan M McQuillan, Valerie Burke, Graeme J Hankey and Leonard F Arnolda

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:29

    Content type: Research

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  40. Morbidity and mortality rates are higher in patients with severe left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction and ECG-derived prolonged QRS interval than in those with normal QRS duration. QRS duration is curren...

    Authors: Maurizio Galderisi, Fabio Cattaneo and Sergio Mondillo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:28

    Content type: Review

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  41. Recent developments in the field of echocardiography have allowed the cardiologist to objectively quantify regional and global myocardial function. Regional deformation (strain) and deformation rate (strain-ra...

    Authors: Arco J Teske, Bart WL De Boeck, Paul G Melman, Gertjan T Sieswerda, Pieter A Doevendans and Maarten JM Cramer

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:27

    Content type: Review

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  42. Traditionally, in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) a successful mitral valve repair is considered when residual MR by post-pump transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is less than moderate or absent. Li...

    Authors: Antonio Rizza, Laureta Sulcaj, Mattia Glauber, Giuseppe Trianni, Cataldo Palmieri, Massimiliano Mariani, Stefano Maffei and Sergio Berti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:25

    Content type: Research

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