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  1. Global cardiovascular risk is a new approach which allows the physicians to quantitate the prognosis of the patients. It is therefore possible that a score, based on the major cardiovascular risk factors, is c...

    Authors: Aldo Pende, Caterina Grondona and Stefano Bertolini

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:47

    Content type: Research

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  2. The aim of this prospective study was to assess the diagnostic value of NT-proBNP and the concordance with Tissue Doppler Echocardiography (including strain and longitudinal displacement) in diastolic and syst...

    Authors: Fabian Knebel, Stephan Eddicks, Ingolf Schimke, Michael Bierbaum, Sebastian Schattke, Mark Beling, Vanessa Raab, Gert Baumann and Adrian C Borges

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:45

    Content type: Research

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  3. Normalization of brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) to individual shear stress area under the curve (peak FMD:SSAUC ratio) has recently been proposed as an approach to control for the large inter-subjec...

    Authors: Jaume Padilla, Blair D Johnson, Sean C Newcomer, Daniel P Wilhite, Timothy D Mickleborough, Alyce D Fly, Kieren J Mather and Janet P Wallace

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:44

    Content type: Research

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  4. Mexican-Americans (MA) exhibit increases in various cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors compared to non-Hispanic Whites (NHW), yet are reported to have lower CVD mortality rates. Our aim was to help expl...

    Authors: Julius M Gardin, Zuhair Allebban, Nathan D Wong, Sharon K Sklar, Renee L Bess, M Anne Spence and Harrihar A Pershadsingh

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:43

    Content type: Research

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  5. Non-invasive 3-dimensional (3D) ultrasound (US) has emerged as the predominant approach for evaluating the progression of carotid atherosclerosis and its response to treatment. The aim of this study was to inv...

    Authors: Malte Ludwig, Tomasz Zielinski, Dieter Schremmer and Klaus O Stumpe

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:42

    Content type: Research

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  6. Recently, a cutaneous force-frequency relation recording system based on first heart sound amplitude vibrations has been validated. A further application is the assessment of Second Heart Sound (S2) amplitude ...

    Authors: Tonino Bombardini, Vincenzo Gemignani, Elisabetta Bianchini, Lucia Venneri, Christina Petersen, Emilio Pasanisi, Lorenza Pratali, Mascia Pianelli, Francesco Faita, Massimo Giannoni, Giorgio Arpesella and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:41

    Content type: Research

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  7. Light chain amyloidosis (AL) is a rare but often fatal disease due to intractable heart failure. Amyloid deposition leads to diastolic dysfunction and often preserved ejection fraction. We hypothesize that AL ...

    Authors: Raymond Q Migrino, Leanne Harmann, Timothy Woods, Megan Bright, Seth Truran and Parameswaran Hari

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:40

    Content type: Research

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  8. Although left bundle branch block (LBBB) alters the electrical activation of the heart, it is unknown how it might change the process of myocardial coordination (MC) and how it may affect the left ventricular ...

    Authors: Miguel Quintana, Samir Saha, Satish Govind, Lars Åke Brodin, Francesca del Furia and Vicente Bertomeu

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:39

    Content type: Research

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  9. Transesophageal echocardiography has advantages over transthoracic technique in defining morphology of atrial structures. Even though real time three-dimensional echocardiographic imaging is a reality, the off...

    Authors: Francisco-Javier Roldán, Jesús Vargas-Barrón, Clara Vázquez-Antona, Luis Muñoz Castellanos, Julio Erdmenger-Orellana, Ángel Romero-Cárdenas and Marco-Antonio Martínez-Ríos

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:38

    Content type: Research

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  10. To describe two cases of Takotsubo like myocardial contractile pattern during exercise stress test secondary to hypertensive response.

    Authors: Abhijeet Dhoble, Sahar S Abdelmoneim, Mathieu Bernier, Jae K Oh and Sharon L Mulvagh

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:37

    Content type: Case report

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  11. The high frequency of premature death from cardiovascular disease in indigenous Australians is often attributed to the high prevalence of risk factors, especially type II diabetes mellitus (DM). We evaluated t...

    Authors: Brian A Haluska, Lionel Chan, Leanne Jeffriess, A Andrew Shaw, Joanne Shaw and Thomas H Marwick

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:36

    Content type: Research

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  12. Atrial septal defect (ASD) accounts for 10% of all congenital heart lesions and represent the third most congenital cardiac defect seen in adults. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is an important regulator of ...

    Authors: Jingdong Ding, Genshan Ma, Yaoyao Huang, Xiaoli Zhang, Biao Liu and Fengxiang Lu

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:35

    Content type: Research

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  13. Stroke is the third most common cause of death in the UK and the largest single cause of severe disability. Each year more than 110,000 people in England suffer from a stroke which costs the National Health Se...

    Authors: Muhammad A Saleem, Umar Sadat, Stewart R Walsh, Victoria E Young, Jonathan H Gillard, David G Cooper and Michael E Gaunt

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:34

    Content type: Review

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  14. Image-based B-mode ultrasound has gained popularity in major studies as a non-invasive method of measuring cardio- and cerebrovascular risk factors. However, none of the major studies appears to have paid suff...

    Authors: M Sandrock, J Hansel, J Schulze, D Schmitz, A Niess, H Burkhardt and A Schmidt-Trucksaess

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:32

    Content type: Research

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  15. Real-time three-dimensional (RT-3D) echocardiography has entered the clinical practice but true incremental value over standard two-dimensional echocardiography (2D) remains uncertain when applied to stress ec...

    Authors: Silvia Varnero, Patricia Santagata, Lorenza Pratali, Massimiliano Basso, Alfredo Gandolfo and Paolo Bellotti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:31

    Content type: Research

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  16. Recent American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology guidelines state that "dobutamine stress echo has substantially higher sensitivity than vasodilator stress echo for detection of coronary artery...

    Authors: Eugenio Picano, Sabrina Molinaro and Emilio Pasanisi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:30

    Content type: Research

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  17. Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) leads to hemodynamic and clinical improvement in heart failure patients. The established methods to evaluate myocardial asynchrony analyze longitudinal and radial myocar...

    Authors: Fabian Knebel, Sebastian Schattke, Hansjürgen Bondke, Stephan Eddicks, Andrea Grohmann, Gert Baumann and Adrian C Borges

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:28

    Content type: Research

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  18. To evaluate whether myocardial performance index detects a subclinical impairment of left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in patients with early stage of type 2 diabetes, without coronary artery di...

    Authors: Paolo Pattoneri, Fabiola B Sozzi, Elisabetta Catellani, Antonella Piazza, Roberto Iotti, Massimo Michelini, Matteo Goldoni, Alberico Borghetti, Maria Domenica Cappellini and Valeria Manicardi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:27

    Content type: Research

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  19. To compare the accuracy of simplified 3-dimensional (3-D) echocardiography vs. multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) software for the quantification of left ventricular (LV) volumes.

    Authors: Mattias Mårtensson, Reidar Winter, Kerstin Cederlund, Jonaz Ripsweden, Habib Mir-Akbari, Jacek Nowak and Lars-Åke Brodin

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:26

    Content type: Research

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  20. The cardioprotective effects of certain alcoholic beverages are partly related to their polyphenol content, which may improve the vasodilatory reactivity of arteries. Effect of cognac on coronary circulation, ...

    Authors: Tuomas O Kiviniemi, Antti Saraste, Jyri O Toikka, Markku Saraste, Olli T Raitakari, Jussi P Pärkkä, Terho Lehtimäki, Jaakko J Hartiala, Jorma Viikari and Juha W Koskenvuo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:25

    Content type: Research

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  21. Primary or spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an unusual but increasingly recognized cause of acute myocardial ischemia and sudden cardiac death. Typically, SCAD presents in younger patients with...

    Authors: Jayanth R Arnold, Nick EJ West, William J van Gaal, Theodoros D Karamitsos and Adrian P Banning

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:24

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Previous studies demonstrated a modest association between C-Reactive Protein (CRP), stenosis of carotid artery, and carotid Intima-Media Thickness (IMT) in general population. During present study, we aimed t...

    Authors: Parvin Shakouri, Nariman Nezami, Mohammad Kazem Tarzamni and Reza Javad Rashid

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:23

    Content type: Research

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  23. Dyssynchrony of myocardial deformation is usually described in terms of variability only (e.g. standard deviations SD's). A description in terms of the spatio-temporal distribution pattern (vector-analysis) of...

    Authors: Bart WL De Boeck, Borut Kirn, Arco J Teske, Ralph W Hummeling, Pieter A Doevendans, Maarten J Cramer and Frits W Prinzen

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:22

    Content type: Research

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  24. Diagnosis costs for cardiovascular disease waste a large amount of healthcare resources. The aim of the study is to evaluate the clinical and economic outcomes of alternative diagnostic strategies in low risk ...

    Authors: Gigliola Bedetti, Emilio Maria Pasanisi, Carmine Pizzi, Giuseppe Turchetti and Cosimo Loré

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:21

    Content type: Research

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  25. African Americans (AA) have higher rates of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than Caucasians (CA). Despite its excellent negative predictive value, the influence of race on the prognostic implications of...

    Authors: Ajay V Srivastava, Karthik Ananthasubramaniam, Salil J Patel, Natesh Lingam and Gordon Jacobsen

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:20

    Content type: Research

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  26. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction is an independent predictor of adverse outcome in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The classical quantification of intraventricular obstruction is performed in rest...

    Authors: Rita Miranda, Carlos Cotrim, Nuno Cardim, Sofia Almeida, Luís Lopes, Maria José Loureiro, Otília Simões, Pedro Cordeiro, Paula Fazendas, Isabel João and Manuel Carrageta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:19

    Content type: Research

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  27. Accumulation of lipids within coronary plaques is an important process in disease progression. However, gray-scale intravascular ultrasound images cannot detect plaque lipids effectively. Radiofrequency signal...

    Authors: Hisao Hara, Taro Tsunoda, Naohiko Nemoto, Itaru Yokouchi, Masaya Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Ono, Masao Moroi, Makoto Suzuki, Kaoru Sugi and Masato Nakamura

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:18

    Content type: Research

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  28. Heart failure from adverse ventricular remodeling follows myocardial infarction, but the contribution of periinfarct and remote myocardium to the development of cardiomyopathy remains poorly defined. 2D strain...

    Authors: Raymond Q Migrino, Xiaoguang Zhu, Mineshkumar Morker, Tejas Brahmbhatt, Megan Bright and Ming Zhao

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:17

    Content type: Research

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  29. Differential diagnosis between acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (APE) and acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) may often be difficult. We evaluated the ability of chest sonography ...

    Authors: Roberto Copetti, Gino Soldati and Paolo Copetti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:16

    Content type: Research

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  30. A cutaneous force-frequency relation recording system based on first heart sound amplitude vibrations has been recently validated. Second heart sound can be simultaneously recorded in order to quantify both sy...

    Authors: Tonino Bombardini, Vincenzo Gemignani, Elisabetta Bianchini, Lucia Venneri, Christina Petersen, Emilio Pasanisi, Lorenza Pratali, David Alonso-Rodriguez, Mascia Pianelli, Francesco Faita, Massimo Giannoni, Giorgio Arpesella and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:15

    Content type: Research

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  31. Ultrasound speckle tracking from grey scale images allows the assessment of regional strain derived from 2D regardless of angle intonation, and it is highly reproducible. The study aimed to evaluate regional l...

    Authors: Laura Stefani, Loira Toncelli, Valentina Di Tante, Maria Concetta Roberta Vono, Brunello Cappelli, Gianni Pedrizzetti and Giorgio Galanti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:14

    Content type: Research

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  32. This study explores the feasibility of non-invasive evaluation of left ventricular (LV) flow-volume dynamics using 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography, and the capacity of such an approach to identify altered ...

    Authors: Kambiz Shahgaldi, Emil Söderqvist, Petri Gudmundsson, Reidar Winter, Jacek Nowak and Lars-Åke Brodin

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:13

    Content type: Technical notes

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  33. Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a validated method for detecting coronary artery disease. Transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) of flow a...

    Authors: Eva Maret, Jan Engvall, Eva Nylander and Jan Ohlsson

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:12

    Content type: Research

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  34. Echocardiography is widely used in the management of patients with cardiogenic shock (CS). Left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) has been shown to be an independent predictor of survival in CS. Tissue Dopple...

    Authors: Adnan K Hameed, Tirath Gosal, Tielan Fang, Roien Ahmadie, Matthew Lytwyn, Ivan Barac, Shelley Zieroth, Farrukh Hussain and Davinder S Jassal

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:11

    Content type: Research

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  35. Arterial diameter and intima-media thickness (IMT) enlargement may each be related to the atherosclerotic process. Their separate or combined enlargement may indicate different arterial phenotypes with differe...

    Authors: Marsha L Eigenbrodt, Zoran Bursac, Richard E Tracy, Jawahar L Mehta, Kathryn M Rose and David J Couper

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:10

    Content type: Research

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  36. Few data exist regarding the direct effects of caffeine and smoking on cardiac function. We sought to explore the acute effects of caffeine assumption, cigarette smoking, or both on left ventricular (LV) and r...

    Authors: Elisa Giacomin, Elisabetta Palmerini, Piercarlo Ballo, Valerio Zacà, Giovanni Bova and Sergio Mondillo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:9

    Content type: Research

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  37. During a soccer game, the cardiovascular system is severely taxed The referees must be alert and their level of fitness must be such that fatigue will not impair their decision-making. Referee's peak overall p...

    Authors: G Galanti, A Pizzi, M Lucarelli, L Stefani, M Gianassi, V Di Tante, L Toncelli, A Moretti and F Del Furia

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:8

    Content type: Research

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  38. The aim of this paper is to highlight coronary investigation by transthoracic Doppler evaluation. This application has recently been introduced into clinical practice and has received enthusiastic feedback in ...

    Authors: Fausto Rigo, Bruno Murer, Giovanni Ossena and Enrico Favaretto

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:7

    Content type: Technical notes

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  39. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and carotid intima-medial thickness (CIMT), measured by ultrasound, are widely used to test the efficacy of cardioprotective interventions. Although assessment methods vary, automa...

    Authors: Kathleen Potter, Christopher J Reed, Daniel J Green, Graeme J Hankey and Leonard F Arnolda

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:6

    Content type: Research

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  40. We present a case of an individual who presented with acute severe mitral regurgitation in the setting of an inferior ST elevation myocardial infarction. Both transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography...

    Authors: Andrew Czarnecki, Amar Thakrar, Tielan Fang, Matthew Lytwyn, Roien Ahmadie, Edward Pascoe and Davinder S Jassal

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:5

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Intraseptal hematoma and subsequent myocardial infarction due to accidental contrast agent deposition complicating diagnostic cineventriculography is a previously undescribed complication of angiography.

    Authors: Andrea Grohmann, Thomas Elgeti, Stephan Eddicks, Fabian Knebel, Wolfgang Rutsch, Christoph Melzer, Gert Baumann and Adrian C Borges

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:4

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Electrical fusion between left ventricular pacing and spontaneous right ventricular activation is considered the key to resynchronisation in sinus rhythm patients treated with single-site left ventricular pacing.

    Authors: Lorella Gianfranchi, Katia Bettiol, Biagio Sassone, Roberto Verlato, Giorgio Corbucci and Paolo Alboni

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2008 6:1

    Content type: Research

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  43. Statins improve the endothelial function in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, they contribute to the substantial decrease in coronary heart disease by reducing plasma cholesterol levels. Th...

    Authors: Ahmet Yildiz, M Akif Cakar, Murat Baskurt, Barıs Okcun, Deniz Guzelsoy and Ugur Coskun

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:51

    Content type: Technical notes

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  44. We describe the case of a 30-year-old female patient with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension that has an excellent functional capacity under treatment with sildenafil. She did an exercise stress ech...

    Authors: Carlos Cotrim, Maria J Loureiro, Rita Miranda, Sofia Almeida, Ana R Almeida, Otília Simões, Pedro Cordeiro and Manuel Carrageta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:50

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Aim of this study was to elucidate the relation between localised inflammatory heart disease and endothelial dysfunction in the peripheral circulation, considering circulating cytokines as a potential link.

    Authors: Katja B Vallbracht-Israng, Ilkay Kazak and Peter L Schwimmbeck

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:49

    Content type: Research

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