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  1. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility and accuracy of an integrated stress imaging algorithm with echo first and second-line Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) in selected cases. Stress echo (SE) is...

    Authors: Rosa Sicari, Alessandro Pingitore, Giovanni Aquaro, Emilio G Pasanisi, Massimo Lombardi and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:47

    Content type: Research

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  2. Cardiac reserve can be used to predict survival and outcome in patients with heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate if native cardiac reserve could predict survival after myocardial infarction...

    Authors: Margareta Scharin Täng, Truls Råmunddal, Malin Lindbom and Elmir Omerovic

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:46

    Content type: Research

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  3. Aorta Coarctation (AC) is uncommon condition that in most adult patients is asymptomatic. Diagnosis of AC is made during routine physical examination by detection of Blood Pressure (BP) difference between arm ...

    Authors: Mohammad Kazem Tarzamni, Nariman Nezami, Mohammad Reza Ardalan, Jalal Etemadi, Hamid Noshad, Fatemeh Gatreh Samani and Mehrnoush Toufan

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:44

    Content type: Research

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  4. The aim of this investigation is to demonstrate that in Ebstein's Anomaly (EA) the right ventricle (RV) is affected in its three portions and to establish an anatomoechocardiographic correlation between the an...

    Authors: Luis Muñoz-Castellanos, Nilda Espinola-Zavaleta, Magdalena Kuri-Nivón and Candace Keirns

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:43

    Content type: Research

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  5. The inherent ability of ventricular myocardium to increase its force of contraction in response to an increase in contraction frequency is known as the cardiac force-frequency relation (FFR). This relation can...

    Authors: Tonino Bombardini, Vincenzo Gemignani, Elisabetta Bianchini, Lucia Venneri, Christina Petersen, Emilio Pasanisi, Lorenza Pratali, Mascia Pianelli, Francesco Faita, Massimo Giannoni and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:42

    Content type: Research

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  6. Doppler echocardiography is useful in the initial evaluation and long-term follow-up of patients with pulmonary artery hypertension. Aerosolised iloprost has been shown to reduce pulmonary pressure immediately...

    Authors: Maria José Loureiro, Carlos Cotrim, Otília Simões, Rita Miranda, Pedro Cordeiro and Manuel Carrageta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:41

    Content type: Case report

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  7. A continuous infusion of a single high dose of dobutamine has been, recently, suggested as a simple and effective protocol of stress echocardiography. The present study assesses the feasibility, safety, and to...

    Authors: Giovanni Minardi, Carla Manzara, Giovanni Pulignano, Paolo G Pino, Herribert Pavaci and Martina Sordi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:40

    Content type: Research

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  8. Exercise echocardiography (EE) is an established method to diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD). Chronotropic incompetence (CI) during the EE may be a marker of myocardial ischemia. The purpose of this inves...

    Authors: Joselina LM Oliveira, Thiago JS Góes, Thaiana A Santana, Thiago F Travassos, Lívia D Teles, Fernando D Anjos-Andrade, Adão C Nascimento-Júnior, Érica O Alves, Martha A Barreto, José A Barreto-Filho, Argemiro D'Oliveira Jr and Antônio CS Sousa

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:38

    Content type: Research

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  9. In April 2007, the American College of Radiology released the "White Paper on Radiation Dose in Medicine". The Blue Ribbon panel members included private practice and academic diagnostic radiologists, medical ...

    Authors: Eugenio Picano, Eliseo Vano, Richard Semelka and Dieter Regulla

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:37

    Content type: Research

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  10. Tako-tsubo syndrome (TTS) in its typical (apical) and atypical (non-apical) forms is being increasingly recognized in the West owing to early systematic coronary angiography in acute coronary syndromes (ACS).

    Authors: F Cangella, A Medolla, G De Fazio, C Iuliano, N Curcio, L Salemme, G Mottola and Marco Agrusta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:36

    Content type: Research

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  11. Non-invasive imaging of coronary arteries by transthoracic echocardiography is an emerging diagnostic tool to study the left main (LM), left descending artery (LAD), circumflex (Cx) and right coronary artery (...

    Authors: Espen Holte, Johnny Vegsundvåg and Rune Wiseth

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:33

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Myocardial diastolic tissue velocities are reduced already in newly onset Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Poor disease control may lead to left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction and heart failure. The aim ...

    Authors: Antti Loimaala, Kaj Groundstroem, Marjo Rinne, Arja Nenonen, Heini Huhtala and Ilkka Vuori

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:32

    Content type: Research

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  13. In patients with advanced non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NIC), right-sided cardiac disturbances has prognostic implications. Right coronary artery (RCA) flow pattern and flow reserve (CFR) are not well known in ...

    Authors: Pedro Graziosi, Barbara Ianni, Expedito Ribeiro, Marco Perin, Leonardo Beck, Claudio Meneghetti, Charles Mady, Eulogio Martinez Filho and Jose AF Ramires

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:31

    Content type: Research

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  14. Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) is a useful imaging modality that is now being used more widely to assist in the percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects (ASD) and patent foramen ovales (PFO).

    Authors: Ravinay Bhindi, John Timperley and Oliver J Ormerod

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:30

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) measured by B-mode ultrasonography is a marker of atherosclerosis and is commonly used as an outcome in intervention trials. We have developed DICOM-based software that me...

    Authors: Kathleen Potter, Daniel J Green, Christopher J Reed, Richard J Woodman, Gerald F Watts, Brendan M McQuillan, Valerie Burke, Graeme J Hankey and Leonard F Arnolda

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:29

    Content type: Research

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  16. Morbidity and mortality rates are higher in patients with severe left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction and ECG-derived prolonged QRS interval than in those with normal QRS duration. QRS duration is curren...

    Authors: Maurizio Galderisi, Fabio Cattaneo and Sergio Mondillo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:28

    Content type: Review

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  17. Recent developments in the field of echocardiography have allowed the cardiologist to objectively quantify regional and global myocardial function. Regional deformation (strain) and deformation rate (strain-ra...

    Authors: Arco J Teske, Bart WL De Boeck, Paul G Melman, Gertjan T Sieswerda, Pieter A Doevendans and Maarten JM Cramer

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:27

    Content type: Review

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  18. Traditionally, in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) a successful mitral valve repair is considered when residual MR by post-pump transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is less than moderate or absent. Li...

    Authors: Antonio Rizza, Laureta Sulcaj, Mattia Glauber, Giuseppe Trianni, Cataldo Palmieri, Massimiliano Mariani, Stefano Maffei and Sergio Berti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:25

    Content type: Research

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  19. Despite advances in survival in patients with thalassemia major (TM) the most common cause of death is cardiac disease. Regular cardiac follow-up is imperative in order to identify and reverse pathology. Cardi...

    Authors: Anastasios Giakoumis, Vasilis Berdoukas, Efstathios Gotsis and Athanassios Aessopos

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:24

    Content type: Research

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  20. We sought to evaluate the impact of different antineoplastic treatment methods on systolic and diastolic myocardial function, and the feasibility estimation of regional deformation parameters with non-Doppler ...

    Authors: Jens Hartmann, Fabian Knebel, Stephan Eddicks, Mark Beling, Andrea Grohmann, Alexander Panda, Christoph A Jacobi, Joachim M Müller, Klaus-Dieter Wernecke, Gert Baumann and Adrian C Borges

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:23

    Content type: Research

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  21. Coronary flow reserve (CFR) recording by means of transthoracic echocardiography (TTDE) in all the main distal coronary arteries is a challenge for advanced echocardiography. Validation studies of TTDE versus ...

    Authors: Antonio Auriti, Christian Pristipino, Cinzia Cianfrocca, Antonino Granatelli, Vincenzo Guido, Francesco Pelliccia, Salvatore Greco, Giuseppe Richichi and Massimo Santini

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:22

    Content type: Research

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  22. Although echocardiography has been incorporated into the diagnostic algorithm of patients with suspected infective endocarditis (IE), systematic usage in clinical practice remains ill defined. To determine the...

    Authors: Davinder S Jassal, Amin Aminbakhsh, Tielan Fang, Nasir Shaikh, John M Embil, Gordon S Mackenzie and James W Tam

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:20

    Content type: Research

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  23. Coronary artery fistulas are rare congenital or acquired coronary artery anomalies that can originate from any of the three major coronary arteries and drain in all the cardiac chambers and great vessels.

    Authors: Ilaria Quatrini, Valerio Zacà and Sergio Mondillo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:19

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is an acute cardiac syndrome characterized by transient LV regional wall motion abnormalities (with peculiar apical ballooning appearance), chest pain or dyspnea, ST-segment elevation ...

    Authors: Matteo Lisi, Valerio Zacà, Silvia Maffei, Francesca Casucci, Marianna Maggi, Stefano Lunghetti, Paolo Aitiani, Arcangelo Carrera, Debora Castellani, Roberto Favilli, Carlo Pierli and Sergio Mondillo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:18

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Surgical "anatomical" repair is the most frequent technique used to correct mitral regurgitation due to severe myxomatous valve disease. Debate, however, persists on the efficacy of this technique, as well as ...

    Authors: Giovanni Minardi, Carla Manzara, Giovanni Pulignano, Giampaolo Luzi, Daniele Maselli, Giovanni Casali and Francesco Musumeci

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:17

    Content type: Research

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  26. Congestive heart failure with preserved left ventricular systolic function has emerged as a growing epidemic medical syndrome in developed countries, which is characterized by high morbidity and mortality rate...

    Authors: Stephane Arques, Emmanuel Roux and Roger Luccioni

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:16

    Content type: Review

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  27. An adequate placental perfusion is crucial for the normal growth and well being of the fetus and newborn. The blood flow through the placenta can be compromised in a variety of clinical situations, always caus...

    Authors: Fernanda C da Silva, Renato A Moreira de Sá, Paulo RN de Carvalho and Laudelino M Lopes

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:15

    Content type: Research

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  28. Mitral annulus calcification (MAC) is a common finding on echocardiographic examination. The goal of this study was to evaluate associations between MAC and cardiac abnormalities using a large echocardiographi...

    Authors: Mohammad-Reza Movahed, Yuji Saito, Mastaneh Ahmadi-Kashani and Ramin Ebrahimi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:14

    Content type: Research

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  29. Chronic right ventricular apical pacing may have detrimental effect on left ventricular function and may promote to heart failure in adult patients with left ventricular dysfunction.

    Authors: Tchavdar Nikolov Shalganov, Dora Paprika, Radu Vatasescu, Attila Kardos, Attila Mihalcz, Laszlo Kornyei, Andras Szatmari and Tamas Szili-Torok

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:13

    Content type: Research

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  30. Subaortic and midventricular hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a patient with extreme segmental hypertrophy exceeding the usual maximum wall thickness reported in the literature is a rare phenomenon.

    Authors: Georgios K Efthimiadis, Georgios Giannakoulas, Despina G Parcharidou, Antonios G Ziakas, Christodoulos E Papadopoulos, Takis Karoulas, Christodoulos Pliakos and Georgios Parcharidis

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:12

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Arterial diameters enlarge in response to wall thickening, plaques, and many atherosclerotic risk factors. We hypothesized that right common carotid artery (RCCA) diameter would be independently associated wit...

    Authors: Marsha L Eigenbrodt, Rishi Sukhija, Kathryn M Rose, Richard E Tracy, David J Couper, Gregory W Evans, Zoran Bursac and Jawahar L Mehta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:11

    Content type: Research

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  32. One of the primary forms of congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries is coronary artery fistula (CAF). It is defined as a direct communication between the coronary artery and any surrounding cardiac chamb...

    Authors: Christian Jung, Carl Jorns and James Huhta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:10

    Content type: Case report

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  33. This study was done to investigate the potential additional role of virtual reality, using three-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic holograms, in the postoperative assessment of tricuspid valve function after ...

    Authors: Goris Bol Raap, Anton HJ Koning, Thierry V Scohy, A Derk-Jan ten Harkel, Folkert J Meijboom, A Pieter Kappetein, Peter J van der Spek and Ad JJC Bogers

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:8

    Content type: Research

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  34. Myocardial contractility can be investigated using longitudinal peak strain. It can be calculated using the Doppler-derived TDI method and the non-Doppler method based on tissue tracking on B-mode images. Both...

    Authors: Laura Stefani, Loira Toncelli, Marco Gianassi, Paolo Manetti, Valentina Di Tante, Maria Robertina Concetta Vono, Andrea Moretti, Brunello Cappelli, Gianni Pedrizzetti and Giorgio Galanti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:7

    Content type: Technical notes

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  35. Non-invasive assessment of arterial pressure wave forms using applanation tonometry of the radial or carotid arteries can be technically challenging and has not found wide clinical application. 2D imaging of t...

    Authors: Brian A Haluska, Leanne Jeffriess, Phillip M Mottram, Stephane G Carlier and Thomas H Marwick

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:6

    Content type: Research

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  36. Cancer therapy has shown terrific progress leading to important reduction of morbidity and mortality of several kinds of cancer. The therapeutic management of oncologic patients includes combinations of drugs,...

    Authors: Maurizio Galderisi, Francesco Marra, Roberta Esposito, Vincenzo Schiano Lomoriello, Moira Pardo and Oreste de Divitiis

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:4

    Content type: Review

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  37. Coronary artery bypass grafting ranks as one of the most frequent operations worldwide. The presence of carotid artery stenosis may increase the stroke rate in the perioperative period. Routine preoperative no...

    Authors: Mohammad K Tarzamni, Abbas Afrasyabi, Mehdi Farhoodi, Fatemeh Karimi and Sara Farhang

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:3

    Content type: Research

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  38. Double-chambered right ventricle is a rare congenital disease frequently misdiagnosed in the adult patient. An anomalous muscle band divides the right ventricle in two cavities causing variable degree of obstr...

    Authors: Minna MD Romano, Rogério G Furtado, Cinthia GF Dias, Mauro Jurca, Oswaldo C Almeida-Filho and Benedito C Maciel

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:2

    Content type: Case report

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  39. The occurrence of pulmonary artery obstruction in the course of acute aortic dissection is an unusual complication. The mechanism implicated is the rupture of the outer layer of the aorta and the subsequent he...

    Authors: Martín Munín, María S Goerner, Martín Lombardero, Gustavo Sanchez, Juan C Pereira Redondo, Fernando Spernanzoni, Héctor Lardani and Víctor Torres

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007 5:1

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound (TCD) is a sensitive, real time tool for monitoring cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV). This technique is fast, accurate, reproducible and noninvasive. In the setting of congen...

    Authors: Angelo Polito, Zaccaria Ricci, Luca Di Chiara, Chiara Giorni, Claudia Iacoella, Stephen P Sanders and Sergio Picardo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:47

    Content type: Review

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  41. Left ventricular free wall rupture (LVFWR) is a fearful complication of acute myocardial infarction in which a swift diagnosis and emergency surgery can be crucial for successful treatment. Because a significa...

    Authors: Luís Raposo, Maria João Andrade, Jorge Ferreira, Carlos Aguiar, Rute Couto, Miguel Abecasis, Manuel Canada, Nuno Jalles-Tavares and José Aniceto da Silva

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:46

    Content type: Case report

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