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  1. Biomarkers of carotid atherosclerosis range from those that are widely available and relatively simple to measure such as serum cholesterol levels, and B-mode Ultrasound measurement of intima media thickness (...

    Authors: Silvia A Riccio, Andrew A House, J David Spence, Aaron Fenster and Grace Parraga

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:44

    Content type: Research

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  2. Cardiovascular risk associated with diabetes may be partially attributed to left ventricular structural abnormalities. However, the relations between left ventricular structure and diabetes have not been exten...

    Authors: Murilo Foppa, Bruce B Duncan, Donna K Arnett, Emelia J Benjamin, Philip R Liebson, Teri A Manolio and Thomas N Skelton

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:43

    Content type: Research

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  3. This study explores the feasibility of non-invasive assessment of left ventricular volume and flow relationship throughout cardiac cycle employing echocardiographic methods.

    Authors: Emil Söderqvist, Peter Cain, Britta Lind, Reidar Winter, Jacek Nowak and Lars-Åke Brodin

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:40

    Content type: Technical notes

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  4. Echocardiography plays an integral role in the detection of mechanical dyssynchrony in patients with congestive heart failure and in predicting beneficial response to cardiac resynchronization treatment. In pa...

    Authors: Tasneem Z Naqvi, Asim M Rafique and C Thomas Peter

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:39

    Content type: Research

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  5. Aortic Valve Disease, includes a range of disorder severity from mild leaflet thickening without valve obstruction, "aortic sclerosis", to severe calcified aortic stenosis. It is a slowly progressive active pr...

    Authors: Pedro L Sanchez and Anna Maria Mazzone

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:37

    Content type: Review

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:42

  6. Echocardiography is a valuable non-invasive technique for identifying the site and type of aortic obstruction. Knowledge of the morphological details of each type of obstruction is the basis for correct interp...

    Authors: Nilda Espinola-Zavaleta, Luis Muñoz-Castellanos, Magdalena Kuri-Nivon and Candace Keirns

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:36

    Content type: Research

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  7. The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical and echocardiographic findings of ventricular noncompaction in adult patients. Fifty-three patients underwent complete clinical history, electrocardiog...

    Authors: Nilda Espinola-Zavaleta, M Elena Soto, Luis Muñóz Castellanos, Silvio Játiva-Chávez and Candace Keirns

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:35

    Content type: Research

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  8. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase produces nitric oxide which is involved in many physiologic regulatory functions. Variable number of tandem repeats in intron 4 of endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene are r...

    Authors: Ayhan Olcay, C Gokhan Ekmekci, Ugur Ozbek, Murat Sezer, Cem Barcin, Erol Arslan, Bilal Boztosun and Yilmaz Nisanci

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:33

    Content type: Research

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  9. To establish the correlation between quantitative analysis based on B-mode ultrasound images of vulnerable carotid plaque and histological examination of the surgically removed plaque, on the basis of a videod...

    Authors: Liz Andréa V Baroncini, Antonio Pazin Filho, Luiz O Murta Junior, Antonio R Martins, Simone G Ramos, Jesualdo Cherri and Carlos E Piccinato

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:32

    Content type: Research

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  10. To study the effects of Beta-blockers during Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography (DSE) comparing the hemodynamic benefits of an early administration of atropine in patients taking or not Beta-blockers.

    Authors: Ana C Camarozano, Plínio Resende Jr, Aristarco G Siqueira-Filho, Luis H Weitzel and Rosangela Noe

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:30

    Content type: Research

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  11. Pericardial tumours are unusual and may be difficult to characterise with imaging. They manifest as large, non-contractile, solid masses within the pericardium. Presenting symptoms include heart failure, arryt...

    Authors: Lindsey Tilling, Lucy Hudsmith, Jonathan Goldman and Harald Becher

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:29

    Content type: Case report

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  12. The metabolic syndrome is associated with increased vascular disease risk. We evaluated two carotid ultrasound measurements, namely intima media thickness and total plaque volume, in a Canadian Oji-Cree popula...

    Authors: Rebecca L Pollex, Khalid Z Al-Shali, Andrew A House, J David Spence, Aaron Fenster, Mary Mamakeesick, Bernard Zinman, Stewart B Harris, Anthony JG Hanley and Robert A Hegele

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:28

    Content type: Research

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  13. The abnormalities of aortic valve morphology and function represent the most common cardiac-valve lesion particularly in elderly. The etiology of aortic stenosis is degenerative-calcific in the majority of pat...

    Authors: Pompilio Faggiano, Francesco Antonini-Canterin, Ferdinando Baldessin, Roberto Lorusso, Antonio D'Aloia and Livio Dei Cas

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:27

    Content type: Review

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  14. It has been recently observed that statins might slow the progression of aortic stenosis or sclerosis. Preliminary reports suggested a similar positive effect in reducing the degeneration of aortic valve biopr...

    Authors: Francesco Antonini-Canterin, Alfredo Zuppiroli, Ferdinando Baldessin, Bogdan A Popescu and Gian Luigi Nicolosi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:26

    Content type: Review

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  15. Although a small percentage of patients with critical aortic stenosis do not develop left ventricle hypertrophy, increased ventricular mass is widely observed in conditions of increased afterload. There is gro...

    Authors: Emmanuel Villa, Giovanni Troise, Marco Cirillo, Federico Brunelli, Margherita Dalla Tomba, Zen Mhagna, Giordano Tasca and Eugenio Quaini

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:25

    Content type: Review

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  16. Degenerative aortic valve stenosis includes a range of disorder severity from mild leaflet thickening without valve obstruction, "aortic sclerosis", to severe calcified aortic stenosis. It is a slowly progress...

    Authors: Pedro L Sanchez and AnnaMaria Mazzone

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:24

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  17. Assessment of cardiac preload is important for clinical management of some emergencies related to hypovolemia. Effects of acute simulated hypovolemia on Doppler blood flow velocity indices of tricuspid valve (...

    Authors: Jie Liu, Tie-Sheng Cao, Li-Jun Yuan, Yun-You Duan and Yi-Lin Yang

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:23

    Content type: Research

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  18. Dipyridamole and dobutamine stress echocardiography testing are most widely utilized, but their sensitivity remained suboptimal in comparison to routine exercise stress echocardiography. The aim of our study i...

    Authors: Ivana Nedeljkovic, Miodrag Ostojic, Branko Beleslin, Ana Djordjevic-Dikic, Jelena Stepanovic, Milan Nedeljkovic, Sinisa Stojkovic, Goran Stankovic, Jovica Saponjski, Zorica Petrasinovic, Vojislav Giga and Predrag Mitrovic

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:22

    Content type: Research

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  19. Before the widespread use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GP IIb/IIIa) left ventricular (LV) thrombus formation had been reported to complicate up to 2...

    Authors: Arshad Rehan, Manpreet Kanwar, Howard Rosman, Sujood Ahmed, Arshad Ali, Julius Gardin and Gerald Cohen

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:20

    Content type: Research

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  20. Chagas' disease may cause left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and its early detection in asymptomatic patients would allow to stratify the risk and to optimize medical treatment. The aim of this study is to...

    Authors: Tomás F Cianciulli, Jorge A Lax, María C Saccheri, Alonso Papantoniou, Luis A Morita, Nilda G Prado, Adriana N Dorelle, Adelina R Riarte and Horacio A Prezioso

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:18

    Content type: Research

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  21. The conventional dobutamine protocol for the investigation of induced myocardial ischemia is well established. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of early administration of atropine during the dobutamin...

    Authors: Ana Cristina Camarozano, Aristarco G Siqueira-Filho, Luis Henrique Weitzel, Plínio Resende and Rosângela Aparecida Noé

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:17

    Content type: Research

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  22. Most patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have asymmetric septal hypertrophy and among them, 25% present dynamic subaortic obstruction. Apical HCM is unusual and mid-ventricular HCM is the most infr...

    Authors: Tomás Francisco Cianciulli, María Cristina Saccheri, Isabel Victoria Konopka, Dora Faustina Serans, Rafael Salvador Acunzo, Alejandro Mario García Escudero, Osvaldo Horacio Masoli and Horacio Alberto Prezioso

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:15

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Doppler-tipped coronary guide-wires (FW) are well-established tools in interventional cardiology to quantitatively analyze coronary blood flow. Doppler wires are used to measure the coronary flow velocity rese...

    Authors: Markus Ferrari, Gerald S Werner, Philipp Bahrmann, Barbara M Richartz and Hans R Figulla

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:14

    Content type: Research

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  24. The severity index is a new echocardiographic measure that is thought to be an accurate indicator of aortic leaflet pathology in patients with AS. However, it has not been validated against cardiac catheteriza...

    Authors: David M Shavelle, Nediljka Buljabasic, Junichiro Takasu, Ashkan Babaie, Joseph Rosales, Matthew J Budoff and Kevin D O'Brien

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:12

    Content type: Research

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  25. Myocardial contrast echocardiography has been used for determination of infarct size (IS) in experimental models. However, with intermittent harmonic imaging, IS seems to be underestimated immediately after re...

    Authors: Paulo Magno Martins Dourado, Jeane Mike Tsutsui, Antonio Carlos Palandri Chagas, João César Nunes Sbano, Vera demarchi Aiello, Protásio Lemos da Luz, Wilson Mathias Jr and Jose AF Ramires

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:10

    Content type: Research

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  26. Though hemodialysis (HD) acutely improves cardiac function, the impact of background diseases like coronary artery disease (CAD) and Type 2 diabetes (DM) in the setting of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is not...

    Authors: Satish Chandra Govind, Simin Roumina, Lars-Åke Brodin, Jacek Nowak, Saligrama Srinivasiah Ramesh and Samir Kanti Saha

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:9

    Content type: Research

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  27. Unstable carotid plaques on subjective, visual, assessment using B-mode ultrasound scanning appear as echolucent and heterogeneous. Although previous studies on computer assisted plaque characterisation have s...

    Authors: Stavros K Kakkos, Andrew N Nicolaides, Efthyvoulos Kyriacou, Constantinos S Pattichis and George Geroulakos

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:8

    Content type: Research

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  28. Left ventricular free wall rupture occurs in up to 10% of the in-hospital deaths following myocardial infarction. It is mainly associated with posterolateral myocardial infarction and its antemortem diagnosis ...

    Authors: Maria Luciana Zacarias Hannouche da Trindade, Jeane Mike Tsutsui, Ana Clara Tude Rodrigues, Márcia Azevedo Caldas, José Antônio Franchini Ramires and Wilson Mathias Junior

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:7

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Our case report deals with the importance of detailed echocardiographic examination for differential diagnosis of coronary sinus dilation and development of abnormalities of great thoracic veins.

    Authors: Attila Pálinkás, Edit Nagy, Tamás Forster, Zita Morvai, Endre Nagy and Albert Varga

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:6

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) leads to a reduction of left-ventricular dyssynchrony and an acute and sustained hemodynamic improvement in patients with chronic heart failure. Furthermore, an optimize...

    Authors: Christoph Melzer, Fabian Knebel, Bruno Ismer, Hansjürgen Bondke, Christoph A Nienaber, Gert Baumann and Adrian C Borges

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:5

    Content type: Research

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  31. Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is one of the main causes of secondary systemic arterial hypertension. Several non-invasive diagnostic methods for RAS have been used in hypertensive patients, such as color Doppler...

    Authors: Sergio Chain, Hector Luciardi, Gabriela Feldman, Sofia Berman, Ramón N Herrera, Javier Ochoa, Juan Muntaner, Eduardo M Escudero and Ricardo Ronderos

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:4

    Content type: Research

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  32. The effect of age on common carotid artery diameter is unclear for varying atherosclerosis risk levels.

    Authors: Marsha L Eigenbrodt, Zoran Bursac, Kathryn M Rose, David J Couper, Richard E Tracy, Gregory W Evans, Frederick L Brancati and Jawahar L Mehta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:1

    Content type: Research

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  33. This pilot study was performed to evaluate whether virtual reality is applicable for three-dimensional echocardiography and if three-dimensional echocardiographic 'holograms' have the potential to become a cli...

    Authors: Annemien E van den Bosch, Anton HJ Koning, Folkert J Meijboom, Jackie S McGhie, Maarten L Simoons, Peter J van der Spek and Ad JJC Bogers

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:37

    Content type: Case report

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  34. High-rate pacing is a valid stress test to be used in conjunction with echocardiography; it is independent of physical exercise and does not require drug administration. There are two main applications of paci...

    Authors: Suzana Gligorova and Marco Agrusta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:36

    Content type: Review

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  35. Coronary cameral fistulas are an uncommon entity, the etiology of which may be congenital or traumatic. They involve abnormal termination of a coronary artery, usually the right coronary, into a cardiac chambe...

    Authors: Angel López-Candales and Vivek Kumar

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:35

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Dobutamine stress echocardiography is used to investigate a wide variety of heart diseases in humans. Dobutamine stress echocardiography has also been used in animal models of heart disease despite the facts t...

    Authors: Eric Plante, Dominic Lachance, Marie-Claude Drolet, Élise Roussel, Jacques Couet and Marie Arsenault

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:34

    Content type: Research

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  37. In patients with inferior myocardial infarction, septal rupture generally involves basal inferoposterior septum, and the communicating tract between left and right ventricle is often serpiginous with a variabl...

    Authors: Carlos J Soriano, José L Pérez-Boscá, Sergio Canovas, Francisco Ridocci, Pau Federico, Ildefonso Echanove and Rafael Paya

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:33

    Content type: Case report

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