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  1. Before the widespread use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GP IIb/IIIa) left ventricular (LV) thrombus formation had been reported to complicate up to 2...

    Authors: Arshad Rehan, Manpreet Kanwar, Howard Rosman, Sujood Ahmed, Arshad Ali, Julius Gardin and Gerald Cohen

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:20

    Content type: Research

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  2. Chagas' disease may cause left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and its early detection in asymptomatic patients would allow to stratify the risk and to optimize medical treatment. The aim of this study is to...

    Authors: Tomás F Cianciulli, Jorge A Lax, María C Saccheri, Alonso Papantoniou, Luis A Morita, Nilda G Prado, Adriana N Dorelle, Adelina R Riarte and Horacio A Prezioso

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:18

    Content type: Research

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  3. The conventional dobutamine protocol for the investigation of induced myocardial ischemia is well established. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of early administration of atropine during the dobutamin...

    Authors: Ana Cristina Camarozano, Aristarco G Siqueira-Filho, Luis Henrique Weitzel, Plínio Resende and Rosângela Aparecida Noé

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:17

    Content type: Research

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  4. Most patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have asymmetric septal hypertrophy and among them, 25% present dynamic subaortic obstruction. Apical HCM is unusual and mid-ventricular HCM is the most infr...

    Authors: Tomás Francisco Cianciulli, María Cristina Saccheri, Isabel Victoria Konopka, Dora Faustina Serans, Rafael Salvador Acunzo, Alejandro Mario García Escudero, Osvaldo Horacio Masoli and Horacio Alberto Prezioso

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:15

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Doppler-tipped coronary guide-wires (FW) are well-established tools in interventional cardiology to quantitatively analyze coronary blood flow. Doppler wires are used to measure the coronary flow velocity rese...

    Authors: Markus Ferrari, Gerald S Werner, Philipp Bahrmann, Barbara M Richartz and Hans R Figulla

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:14

    Content type: Research

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  6. The severity index is a new echocardiographic measure that is thought to be an accurate indicator of aortic leaflet pathology in patients with AS. However, it has not been validated against cardiac catheteriza...

    Authors: David M Shavelle, Nediljka Buljabasic, Junichiro Takasu, Ashkan Babaie, Joseph Rosales, Matthew J Budoff and Kevin D O'Brien

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:12

    Content type: Research

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  7. Myocardial contrast echocardiography has been used for determination of infarct size (IS) in experimental models. However, with intermittent harmonic imaging, IS seems to be underestimated immediately after re...

    Authors: Paulo Magno Martins Dourado, Jeane Mike Tsutsui, Antonio Carlos Palandri Chagas, João César Nunes Sbano, Vera demarchi Aiello, Protásio Lemos da Luz, Wilson Mathias Jr and Jose AF Ramires

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:10

    Content type: Research

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  8. Though hemodialysis (HD) acutely improves cardiac function, the impact of background diseases like coronary artery disease (CAD) and Type 2 diabetes (DM) in the setting of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is not...

    Authors: Satish Chandra Govind, Simin Roumina, Lars-Åke Brodin, Jacek Nowak, Saligrama Srinivasiah Ramesh and Samir Kanti Saha

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:9

    Content type: Research

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  9. Unstable carotid plaques on subjective, visual, assessment using B-mode ultrasound scanning appear as echolucent and heterogeneous. Although previous studies on computer assisted plaque characterisation have s...

    Authors: Stavros K Kakkos, Andrew N Nicolaides, Efthyvoulos Kyriacou, Constantinos S Pattichis and George Geroulakos

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:8

    Content type: Research

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  10. Left ventricular free wall rupture occurs in up to 10% of the in-hospital deaths following myocardial infarction. It is mainly associated with posterolateral myocardial infarction and its antemortem diagnosis ...

    Authors: Maria Luciana Zacarias Hannouche da Trindade, Jeane Mike Tsutsui, Ana Clara Tude Rodrigues, Márcia Azevedo Caldas, José Antônio Franchini Ramires and Wilson Mathias Junior

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:7

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Our case report deals with the importance of detailed echocardiographic examination for differential diagnosis of coronary sinus dilation and development of abnormalities of great thoracic veins.

    Authors: Attila Pálinkás, Edit Nagy, Tamás Forster, Zita Morvai, Endre Nagy and Albert Varga

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:6

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) leads to a reduction of left-ventricular dyssynchrony and an acute and sustained hemodynamic improvement in patients with chronic heart failure. Furthermore, an optimize...

    Authors: Christoph Melzer, Fabian Knebel, Bruno Ismer, Hansjürgen Bondke, Christoph A Nienaber, Gert Baumann and Adrian C Borges

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:5

    Content type: Research

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  13. Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is one of the main causes of secondary systemic arterial hypertension. Several non-invasive diagnostic methods for RAS have been used in hypertensive patients, such as color Doppler...

    Authors: Sergio Chain, Hector Luciardi, Gabriela Feldman, Sofia Berman, Ramón N Herrera, Javier Ochoa, Juan Muntaner, Eduardo M Escudero and Ricardo Ronderos

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:4

    Content type: Research

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  14. The effect of age on common carotid artery diameter is unclear for varying atherosclerosis risk levels.

    Authors: Marsha L Eigenbrodt, Zoran Bursac, Kathryn M Rose, David J Couper, Richard E Tracy, Gregory W Evans, Frederick L Brancati and Jawahar L Mehta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2006 4:1

    Content type: Research

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  15. This pilot study was performed to evaluate whether virtual reality is applicable for three-dimensional echocardiography and if three-dimensional echocardiographic 'holograms' have the potential to become a cli...

    Authors: Annemien E van den Bosch, Anton HJ Koning, Folkert J Meijboom, Jackie S McGhie, Maarten L Simoons, Peter J van der Spek and Ad JJC Bogers

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:37

    Content type: Case report

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  16. High-rate pacing is a valid stress test to be used in conjunction with echocardiography; it is independent of physical exercise and does not require drug administration. There are two main applications of paci...

    Authors: Suzana Gligorova and Marco Agrusta

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:36

    Content type: Review

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  17. Coronary cameral fistulas are an uncommon entity, the etiology of which may be congenital or traumatic. They involve abnormal termination of a coronary artery, usually the right coronary, into a cardiac chambe...

    Authors: Angel López-Candales and Vivek Kumar

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:35

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Dobutamine stress echocardiography is used to investigate a wide variety of heart diseases in humans. Dobutamine stress echocardiography has also been used in animal models of heart disease despite the facts t...

    Authors: Eric Plante, Dominic Lachance, Marie-Claude Drolet, Élise Roussel, Jacques Couet and Marie Arsenault

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:34

    Content type: Research

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  19. In patients with inferior myocardial infarction, septal rupture generally involves basal inferoposterior septum, and the communicating tract between left and right ventricle is often serpiginous with a variabl...

    Authors: Carlos J Soriano, José L Pérez-Boscá, Sergio Canovas, Francisco Ridocci, Pau Federico, Ildefonso Echanove and Rafael Paya

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:33

    Content type: Case report

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  20. An unusual sequence of post operative events heralded by hemodynamic deterioration followed by dyspnea and rapidly progressive dilatation of superficial neck and facial veins, resembling a superior vena cava s...

    Authors: Angel López-Candales, David Kaczorowski and Ronald Pellegrini

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:31

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Right-sided endocarditis occurs predominantly in intravenous drug users, in patients with pacemaker or central venous lines and in patients with congenital heart disease. The vast majority of cases involve the...

    Authors: Adriano M Pellicelli, Paolo Pino, Antonio Terranova, Cecilia D'Ambrosio and Fabrizio Soccorsi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:30

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Patients with left bundle branch block have a preserved right bundle branch conduction and the efficacy of left ventricular pacing could be explained with the fusion between artificial pulse delivered in the l...

    Authors: Lorella Gianfranchi, Katia Bettiol, Federico Pacchioni, Giorgio Corbucci and Paolo Alboni

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:29

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Interferon alpha2 is widely used in hepatitis and high-risk melanoma. Interferon-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension as a side effect is rare.

    Authors: Nicoline Jochmann, Felix Kiecker, Adrian C Borges, Maja A Hofmann, Stephan Eddicks, Wolfram Sterry, Gert Baumann and Uwe Trefzer

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:26

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Stress echocardiography is a cost-effective tool for the modern noninvasive diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Several physical and pharmacological stresses are used in combination with echocardiographic im...

    Authors: Albert Varga, Giuliano Kraft, Ferenc Lakatos, Riccardo Bigi, Rafael Paya and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:25

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Insufficient data describe the relationship of hemodynamic parameters to left ventricular (LV) diastolic flow propagation velocity (Vp) measured using color M-mode Doppler echocardiography.

    Authors: Toshihiro Ogawa, Lawrence N Scotten, David K Walker, Ajit P Yoganathan, Renee L Bess, Cheryl K Nordstrom and Julius M Gardin

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:24

    Content type: Research

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  26. Myocardial contrast echocardiography and coronary flow velocity pattern with a rapid diastolic deceleration time after percutaneous coronary intervention has been reported to be useful in assessing microvascul...

    Authors: Tomoko Tani, Kazuaki Tanabe, Minako Tani, Fumie Ono, Minako Katayama, Koichi Tamita, Shuichiro Kaji, Atsushi Yamamuro, Kunihiko Nagai, Kenichi Shiratori, Shigefumi Morioka and Yasuki Kihara

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:22

    Content type: Research

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  27. Contrast echocardiography is a precise tool for the non-invasive assessment of myocardial function and perfusion. Side effects of contrast echocardiography resulting from contrast-agent induced myocardial micr...

    Authors: Fabian Knebel, Ingolf Schimke, Stephan Eddicks, Torsten Walde, Reinhard Ziebig, Sebastian Schattke, Gert Baumann and Adrian Constantin Borges

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:21

    Content type: Research

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  28. Premature closure or restriction of foramen ovale (PCFO) is a rare congenital anomaly that can lead to a wide spectrum of cardiac malformations. This spectrum of secondary malformations appears to depend on th...

    Authors: Constantinos Chrysostomou, Rita L Romaguera and Maria M Rodriguez

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:20

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Supravalvular mitral stenosis is a rare condition characterized by an abnormal ridge, with one or two orifices, covering and obstructing the mitral valve. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult with transtoracic ...

    Authors: Walter Serra, Paola Testa and Diego Ardissino

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:19

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Transthoracic Doppler echocardiographic-derived coronary flow reserve is an useful hemodynamic index to assess dysfunction of coronary microcirculation. Isolated coronary microvascular abnormalities are overt ...

    Authors: Pawel Petkow Dimitrow, Maurizio Galderisi and Fausto Rigo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:18

    Content type: Review

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  31. Real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) is a novel method for assessing myocardial perfusion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a very low-power real-time MCE for quantifica...

    Authors: Siri Malm, Sigmund Frigstad, Frode Helland, Kjetil Oye, Stig Slordahl and Terje Skjarpe

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:16

    Content type: Research

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  32. Subjects with type 2 diabetes are at an increased risk of vascular complications. The use of carotid ultrasound remains an attractive, non-invasive method to monitor atherosclerotic disease progression and/or ...

    Authors: Rebecca L Pollex, David J Spence, Andrew A House, Aaron Fenster, Anthony JG Hanley, Bernard Zinman, Stewart B Harris and Robert A Hegele

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:15

    Content type: Research

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  33. Thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is an established treatment in acute stroke. To prevent rethrombosis after rtPA therapy, secondary anticoagulation with heparin is commonly per...

    Authors: Florian Doepp, Wasiem Sanad, Stephan J Schreiber, Gert Baumann and Adrian C Borges

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:14

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Medical imaging market consists of several billion tests per year worldwide. Out of these, at least one third are cardiovascular procedures. Keeping in mind that each test represents a cost, often a risk, and ...

    Authors: Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:13

    Content type: Review

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  35. Recent publications brought up the hypothesis that an infection with Chlamydia Pneumoniae (CP) might be a major cause of coronary artery disease (CAD). Therefore, we investigated whether endothelial dysfunctio...

    Authors: Markus Ferrari, Gerald S Werner, Barbara M Richartz, Albrecht Oehme, Eberhard Straube and Hans R Figulla

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:12

    Content type: Research

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  36. Coronary flow reserve was assessed in a patient with Anderson-Fabry disease complicated by symmetric left ventricular hypertrophy. Coronary flow reserve was measurable in all three major coronary arteries prov...

    Authors: Paweł Petkow Dimitrow, Marek Krzanowski and Anetta Undas

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:11

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Multiples indices have been described using tissue Doppler imaging (DTI) capabilities. The aim of this study was to assess the capability of one or several regional DTI parameters in separating control from is...

    Authors: Erwan Donal, Pascale Raud-Raynier, Damien Coisne, Joseph Allal and Daniel Herpin

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2005 3:10

    Content type: Research

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