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  1. Content type: Technical notes

    Three major mechanisms contribute to right ventricular (RV) pump function: (i) shortening of the longitudinal axis with traction of the tricuspid annulus towards the apex; (ii) inward movement of the RV free w...

    Authors: Bálint Lakatos, Zoltán Tősér, Márton Tokodi, Alexandra Doronina, Annamária Kosztin, Denisa Muraru, Luigi P. Badano, Attila Kovács and Béla Merkely

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2017 15:8

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  2. Content type: Research

    The goal of this study was to determine if left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) predicts heart failure (HF) readmission in patients with acute decompensated heart failure.

    Authors: Simone Romano, Ibrahim N. Mansour, Mayank Kansal, Hana Gheith, Zachary Dowdy, Carolyn A. Dickens, Cassandra Buto-Colletti, June M. Chae, Hussam H. Saleh and Thomas D. Stamos

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2017 15:6

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  3. Content type: Research

    There is today no established approach to estimate right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) using 2D transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). The aim of this study was to evaluate a new method for RVEF calculat...

    Authors: Stina Jorstig, Micael Waldenborg, Mats Lidén and Per Thunberg

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2017 15:4

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  4. Content type: Research

    Stress echocardiography (SE) has an established role in evidence-based guidelines, but recently its breadth and variety of applications have extended well beyond coronary artery disease (CAD). We lack a prospe...

    Authors: Eugenio Picano, Quirino Ciampi, Rodolfo Citro, Antonello D’Andrea, Maria Chiara Scali, Lauro Cortigiani, Iacopo Olivotto, Fabio Mori, Maurizio Galderisi, Marco Fabio Costantino, Lorenza Pratali, Giovanni Di Salvo, Eduardo Bossone, Francesco Ferrara, Luna Gargani, Fausto Rigo…

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2017 15:3

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  5. Content type: Research

    Ultrasound exam as a screening test for abdominal aorta (AA) can visualize the aorta in 99% of patients and has a sensitivity and specificity approaching 100% in screening settings for aortic aneurysm. Pocket ...

    Authors: Roberta Esposito, Federica Ilardi, Vincenzo Schiano Lomoriello, Regina Sorrentino, Vincenzo Sellitto, Giuseppe Giugliano, Giovanni Esposito, Bruno Trimarco and Maurizio Galderisi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2017 15:2

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  6. Content type: Research

    We evaluated echocardiographic area-length methods to measure left ventricle (LV) volumes and ejection fraction (EF) in parasternal short axis views in comparison with cardiac computed tomography (CT) in pigs ...

    Authors: Haitham Ballo, Miikka Tarkia, Matti Haavisto, Christoffer Stark, Marjatta Strandberg, Tommi Vähäsilta, Virva Saunavaara, Tuula Tolvanen, Mika Teräs, Ville-Veikko Hynninen, Timo Savunen, Anne Roivainen, Juhani Knuuti and Antti Saraste

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2017 15:1

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  7. Content type: Research

    We investigated the influence of geographical predisposition on the spatial distribution and composition of coronary plaques.

    Authors: Hidenori Komiyama, Hitoshi Takano, Shunichi Nakamura, Masamichi Takano, Noritake Hata, Miyauchi Yasushi, Yoshihiko Seino, Kyoichi Mizuno and Wataru Shimizu

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:47

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  8. Content type: Research

    Regular physical exercise determines a progressive increase of the cardiac mass known as adaptive hypertrophy. Up to now, two morphological echocardiographic heart patterns of athletes have been described by M...

    Authors: Giorgio Galanti, Laura Stefani, Gabriele Mascherini, Valentina Di Tante and Loira Toncelli

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:46

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  9. Content type: Research

    The myocardial wall of the left ventricle is a complex, multilayered structure and is not homogenous. The aim of this study was to determine longitudinal strain (LS) in the three myocardial layers in normal pr...

    Authors: Juan Cong, Zhibin Wang, Hong Jin, Wugang Wang, Kun Gong, Yuanyuan Meng and Yong Lee

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:45

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  10. Content type: Research

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of adding quantitative assessments of cardiac function from echocardiography to clinical factors in predicting the outcome of patients with acute pulmonary emb...

    Authors: Talal Dahhan, Irfan Siddiqui, Victor F. Tapson, Eric J. Velazquez, Stephanie Sun, Clemontina A. Davenport, Zainab Samad and Sudarshan Rajagopal

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:44

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  11. Content type: Research

    Increased left atrial (LA) dimensions are known to be a risk factor in predicting cardiovascular events and mortality and to be one key diagnostic tool to assess diastolic dysfunction. Currently, LA measuremen...

    Authors: Johannes Scherr, Philip Jung, Tibor Schuster, Lars Pollmer, Gert Eisele, Franz Goss, Jens Schneider and Martin Halle

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:43

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  12. Content type: Research

    The transesophageal echocardiograhpy (TEE) has been studied worldwide. However, identifying additional factors on top of operator's experience and patient's cooperation which could influence the success of the...

    Authors: Jureerat Khongkaew, Dujdao Sahasthas, Tharrittawadha Potat and Phatchara Thammawirat

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:42

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2017 15:5

  13. Content type: Research

    The current method for a non-invasive assessment of diastolic dysfunction is complex with the use of algorithms of many different echocardiographic parameters. Total average diastolic longitudinal displacement...

    Authors: Martina Chantal de Knegt, Tor Biering-Sørensen, Peter Søgaard, Jacob Sivertsen, Jan Skov Jensen and Rasmus Møgelvang

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:41

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  14. Content type: Research

    Arterial stiffness is an early marker of atherosclerosis. The carotid arteries are easily accessible by ultrasound and are commonly used for the evaluation of atherosclerosis development. However, this stiffne...

    Authors: Michał Podgórski, Monika Winnicka, Michał Polguj, Piotr Grzelak, Maciej Łukaszewski and Ludomir Stefańczyk

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:40

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  15. Content type: Research

    We hypothesized that longitudinal pulmonary arterial deformation during the cardiac cycle reflects pulmonary arterial capacitance. To examine this hypothesis, we assessed whether tissue Doppler-derived pulmona...

    Authors: Yasunobu Hayabuchi, Akemi Ono, Yukako Homma and Shoji Kagami

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:38

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  16. Content type: Review

    To make assessment of paravalvular aortic leakage (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) more uniform the second Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC) recently updated the echocardiogra...

    Authors: Marcel L. Geleijnse, Luigi F. M. Di Martino, Wim B. Vletter, Ben Ren, Tjebbe W. Galema, Nicolas M. Van Mieghem, Peter P. T. de Jaegere and Osama I. I. Soliman

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:37

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  17. Content type: Research

    Not all echo laboratories have the capability of measuring direct online 3D images, but do have the capability of turning 3D images into 2D ones “online” for bedside measurements. Thus, we hypothesized that a ...

    Authors: Chaim Yosefy, Yulia Azhibekov, Boris Brodkin, Vladimir Khalameizer, Amos Katz and Avishag Laish-Farkash

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:36

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  18. Content type: Research

    Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is a global health problem and a common medical condition that can be seen in everyday clinical practice. And two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) has been re...

    Authors: Jiaqi Shen, Qiao Zhou, Yue Liu, Runlan Luo, Bijun Tan and Guangsen Li

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:34

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  19. Content type: Research

    Previous studies showed that left atrial enlargement is an independent marker of adverse outcomes in both primary and secondary cardiovascular prevention. However, no data are available on long-term outcomes i...

    Authors: Davide Lazzeroni, Nicola Gaibazzi, Matteo Bini, Giacomo Bussolati, Umberto Camaiora, Roberto Cassi, Simone Geroldi, Pietro Tito Ugolotti, Lorenzo Brambilla, Valerio Brambilla, Paolo Castiglioni and Paolo Coruzzi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:35

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  20. Content type: Review

    Central venous pressure (CVP) and right atrial pressure (RAP) are important parameters in the complete hemodynamic assessment of a patient. Sonographic measurement of the inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter is a...

    Authors: William Ciozda, Ilan Kedan, Devin W. Kehl, Raymond Zimmer, Raj Khandwalla and Asher Kimchi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:33

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  21. Content type: Research

    Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography has increased our understanding of the distinct pathomechanisms underlying functional, ischaemic or degenerative mitral regurgitation. However, pote...

    Authors: Astrid Apor, Anikó Ilona Nagy, Attila Kovács, Aristomenis Manouras, Péter Andrássy and Béla Merkely

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:32

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  22. Content type: Research

    Many free-form-text referral requisitions for transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) provide insufficient information to adequately evaluate their adherence to Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC). We developed a stru...

    Authors: Steven Promislow, Joseph G. Abunassar, Behnam Banihashemi, Benjamin J. Chow, Girish Dwivedi, Kasra Maftoon and Ian G. Burwash

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:31

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  23. Content type: Review

    Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an inherited cardiovascular disorder of great genetic heterogeneity and has a prevalence of 0.1 – 0.2 % in the general population. Several hundred mutations in more than 27...

    Authors: Vito Maurizio Parato, Valeria Antoncecchi, Fabiola Sozzi, Stefania Marazia, Annapaola Zito, Maria Maiello and Pasquale Palmiero

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:30

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  24. Content type: Research

    In patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is a known marker for increased mortality. However, the relationship between LVEF measured during index ACS hos...

    Authors: Jayanta T. Mukherjee, Joni R. Beshansky, Robin Ruthazer, Hadeel Alkofide, Madhab Ray, David Kent, Warren J. Manning, Gordon S. Huggins and Harry P. Selker;

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:29

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  25. Content type: How I do it article

    Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a key diagnostic modality in patients with acute aortic dissection, yet its sensitivity is limited by a “blind-spot” caused by air in the trachea. After placement of a...

    Authors: Wouter W. Jansen Klomp, Linda M. Peelen, George J. Brandon Bravo Bruinsma, Arnoud W. J. van’t Hof, Jan G. Grandjean and Arno P. Nierich

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:28

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:39

  26. Content type: Research

    Right ventricular function has been identified as an important prognostic factor in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. The aim of the study was to assess the deformation pattern and prognostic valu...

    Authors: Iolanda Muntean, Theodora Benedek, Mihaela Melinte, Carmen Suteu and Rodica Togãnel

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:27

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  27. Content type: Research

    Hospital length of stay (LOS) is a key determinant of heart failure hospitalization costs. Longer LOS is associated with lower quality of care measures and higher rates of readmission and mortality. Right vent...

    Authors: Paskariatne Probo Dewi Yamin, Sunu Budhi Raharjo, Vebiona Kartini Prima Putri and Nani Hersunarti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:25

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  28. Content type: Research

    We performed comprehensive transmitral and pulmonary venous Doppler echocardiographic studies to devise a novel index of diastolic function. This is the first study to assess the utility of the acceleration ra...

    Authors: Roya Sattarzadeh, Anahita Tavoosi, Mostafa Jabbari, Amir Farhang Zand Parsa, Babak Geraiely, Mohammad Saadat, Farnoosh Larti, Ali Pasha Meysamie and Mehrdad Salehi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:24

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:26

  29. Content type: Research

    Appropriate fluid management is one of the most important elements of early goal-directed therapy after cardiothoracic surgery. Reliable determination of fluid responsivenss remains the fundamental issue in vo...

    Authors: Dorota Sobczyk, Krzysztof Nycz, Pawel Andruszkiewicz, Karol Wierzbicki and Maciej Stapor

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:23

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  30. Content type: Research

    Coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) measured by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography of the LAD is used to assess microvascular function but validation studies in clinical settings are lacking. We aimed to...

    Authors: Rasmus Huan Olsen, Lene Rørholm Pedersen, Martin Snoer, Thomas Emil Christensen, Adam Ali Ghotbi, Philip Hasbak, Andreas Kjaer, Steen B. Haugaard and Eva Prescott

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:22

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  31. Content type: Research

    Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) is a sensible and feasible method to detect longitudinal left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction (LVSD) in patients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension or ischemic heart diseas...

    Authors: Antonella Cherubini, Giovanni Cioffi, Carmine Mazzone, Giorgio Faganello, Giulia Barbati, Luigi Tarantini, Giulia Russo, Carlo Stefenelli, Franco Humar, Eliana Grande, Maurizio Fisicaro, Claudio Pandullo and Andrea Di Lenarda

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:21

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  32. Content type: Research

    Chagas disease (CD) is a frequent cause of dilated cardiomyopathy (CMP) in developing countries, leading to clinical heart failure and worse prognosis. Therefore, the development and evolution of this CMP has ...

    Authors: Marcio Silva Miguel Lima, Hector R. Villarraga, Maria Cristina Donadio Abduch, Marta Fernandes Lima, Cecilia Beatriz Bittencourt Viana Cruz, Marcio Sommer Bittencourt, Mariana Callil Voos, Joao Cesar Nunes Sbano, Wilson Mathias Jr and Jeane Mike Tsutsui

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:20

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  33. Content type: Research

    Exercise training favorably alters arterial anatomy in trained limbs, though the simultaneous effects on passively trained arteries are unclear. Thus, brachial (non-trained limb), popliteal (trained limb) and ...

    Authors: Nicole M. Hafner, Christopher J. Womack, Nicholas D. Luden and Mikel K. Todd

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:19

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  34. Content type: Research

    3D transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is superior to 2D TEE in quantitative anatomic evaluation of the mitral valve (MV) but it shows limitations regarding automatic quantification. Here, we tested the int...

    Authors: Iolanda Aquila, Ariana González, Covadonga Fernández-Golfín, Luis Miguel Rincón, Eduardo Casas, Ana García, Rocio Hinojar, José Julio Jiménez-Nacher and José Luis Zamorano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:17

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  35. Content type: Research

    There has been limited data addressing outcomes of extensive septal myectomy in Chinese patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). In this study, the objective was to evaluate the clinical a...

    Authors: Lei Yao, Li Li, Xiong-Jun Lu, Yan-Ling Miao, Xiao-Ning Kang and Fu-Jian Duan

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:18

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  36. Content type: Research

    Heart ventricular dysfunction has been characterized as reduced longitudinal function of the right ventricle (RV), and is associated with chronic alcohol abuse. This study investigated the use of two-dimension...

    Authors: Sisi Meng, Lijuan Guo and Guangsen Li

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:16

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  37. Content type: Erratum

    Authors: Samir Sulemane, Vasileios F. Panoulas, Klio Konstantinou, Athanasios Bratsas, Julia Grapsa, Frederick W. Tam, Edwina A. Brown and Petros Nihoyannopoulos

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:15

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    The original article was published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:10

  38. Content type: Research

    Patients with non-ischemic heart failure etiology and left bundle branch block (LBBB) show better response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). While these patients have the most pronounced left ventric...

    Authors: Andrew C. Y. To, Rodolfo D. Benatti, Kimi Sato, Richard A. Grimm, James D. Thomas, Bruce L. Wilkoff, Deborah Agler and Zoran B. Popović

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:14

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  39. Content type: Research

    To evaluate if the combination of several quantitative parameters into a mathematical model would enhance the detection of myocardial ischemia during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) when compared to c...

    Authors: Jelena Čelutkienė, Greta Burneikaitė, Linas Petkevičius, Laura Balkevičienė and Aleksandras Laucevičius

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:13

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  40. Content type: Research

    Postnatal outcome of fetuses with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is mainly determined by right ventricular function. In the present study we used spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC) to assess righ...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Qichang Zhou, Yili Zhao, Qinghai Peng, Zheli Gong and Xiangdang Long

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:12

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  41. Content type: Research

    Left atrial volume (LAV) estimation with 3D echocardiography has been shown to be more accurate than 2D volume calculation. However, little is known about the possible effect of respiratory movements on the ac...

    Authors: Mathias Sørgaard, Jesper J. Linde, Hafsa Ismail, Niels Risum, Klaus F. Kofoed, Jørgen T. Kühl, Benjamin Tittle, Walter B. Nielsen and Jens D. Hove

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:11

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  42. Content type: Research

    Recent studies hypothesized left ventricular (LV) twist as a potential biomarker for evaluation of sub clinical myocardial disease, however its relationship with aortic stiffness has yet to be investigated. Ch...

    Authors: Samir Sulemane, Vasileios F. Panoulas, Klio Konstantinou, Athanasios Bratsas, Frederick W. Tam, Edwina A. Brown and Petros Nihoyannopoulos

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:10

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:15

  43. Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    The Editors of Cardiovascular Ultrasound would like to thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2015) and whose valuable support is fundamental to its success.

    Authors: Eugenio Picano and Rosa Sicari

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:9

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  44. Content type: Research

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical utility of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for screening abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and to identify important TTE indices associated with AAA...

    Authors: Yoshihisa Matsumura, Michiko Wada, Daigo Hirakawa, Yuka Yasuoka, Norihito Morimoto, Hiroaki Takeuchi, Hiroaki Kitaoka, Kazumasa Orihashi and Tetsuro Sugiura

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:8

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  45. Content type: Research

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in patients with heart failure (HF) and worsens their prognosis. Vulnerability to changes in loading is an important factor in the development of AF and is strongly influence...

    Authors: Ji Hyun Yoon, Myung-Hyun Kim, Hyemoon Chung, Eui-Young Choi, Pil-Ki Min, Young Won Yoon, Byoung Kwon Lee, Bum-Kee Hong, Se-Joong Rim, Hyuck Moon Kwon and Jong-Youn Kim

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2016 14:7

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