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  1. The incidence of cardiovascular disease is considerably disparate among different racial and ethnic populations. While dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has been shown to be useful in Caucasian patients...

    Authors: Jamie M. O’Driscoll, Claire Rossato, Paula Gargallo-Fernandez, Marco Araco, Dimitrios Giannoglou, Sanjay Sharma and Rajan Sharma

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:36

    Content type: Research

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  2. Despite advances in medical therapy, cardiovascular disease, mainly coronary artery disease (CAD), remains the leading cause of mortality among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). The objective of the presen...

    Authors: Liz Andréa Villela Baroncini, Rafael Borsoi, Maria Eugênia Bégué Vidal, Nathália Julim Valente, Juliana Veloso and Roberto Pecoits Filho

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:35

    Content type: Research

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  3. The association of the tissue characteristics of carotid plaques with coronary artery disease has attracted interest. The present study compared the tissue characteristics of carotid plaques in patients with a...

    Authors: Mika Bando, Hirotsugu Yamada, Kenya Kusunose, Daiju Fukuda, Rie Amano, Rina Tamai, Yuta Torii, Yukina Hirata, Susumu Nishio, Koji Yamaguchi, Takeshi Soeki, Tetsuzo Wakatsuki and Masataka Sata

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:34

    Content type: Research

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  4. To test the diagnostic power of Pocket Size Imaging Device (PSID) in detecting early signs of right heart (RH) involvement in regular smokers (RS) free of overt cardiac involvement.

    Authors: Vincenzo Schiano-Lomoriello, Roberta Esposito, Ciro Santoro, Giovanni de Simone and Maurizio Galderisi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:33

    Content type: Research

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  5. We report a case of transient biventricular dysfunction post therapeutic pericardiocentesis, with classic features of stress cardiomyopathy (SCM). In our patient, the clinical and echocardiographic features we...

    Authors: Chadi Ayoub, Michael Chang and Leonard Kritharides

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:32

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Accidental hypothermia is a condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Hypothermia has been reported to affect left ventricular systolic and diastolic function. However, most of the data co...

    Authors: Tomasz Darocha, Dorota Sobczyk, Sylweriusz Kosiński, Anna Jarosz, Robert Gałązkowski, Krzysztof Nycz and Rafał Drwiła

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:31

    Content type: Research

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  7. Myocardial dysfunction is recognized in sepsis. We hypothesized that mechanical left (LV) and right (RV) ventricular function analysed using 2-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography in a cohort of early...

    Authors: Keti Dalla, Caroline Hallman, Odd Bech-Hanssen, Michael Haney and Sven-Erik Ricksten

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:30

    Content type: Research

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  8. Symptoms in the elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and co-morbidities seem to lack in specificity. Therefore, objective parameters for increased left ventricular(LV) filling pressures are needed...

    Authors: Mihai Strachinaru, Bas M. van Dalen, Nicolas Van Mieghem, Peter P. T. De Jaegere, Tjebbe W. Galema, Marielle Morissens and Marcel L. Geleijnse

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:29

    Content type: Research

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  9. While echocardiographic grading of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (DD) is used every day, the relationship between echocardiographic DD grade and hemodynamic abnormalities is uncertain.

    Authors: Andrew D. M. Grant, Kazuaki Negishi, Tomoko Negishi, Patrick Collier, Samir R. Kapadia, James D. Thomas, Thomas H. Marwick, Brian P. Griffin and Zoran B. Popović

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:28

    Content type: Research

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  10. No study has investigated the admission echocardiographic characteristics of acute heart failure (AHF) patients who are resistant to conventional diuretics and require tolvaptan.

    Authors: Yasuki Nakada, Satoshi Okayama, Tomoya Nakano, Tomoya Ueda, Kenji Onoue, Yukiji Takeda, Rika Kawakami, Manabu Horii, Shiro Uemura, Shinichi Fujimoto and Yoshihiko Saito

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:27

    Content type: Research

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  11. Nicorandil, as a selective potassium channel opener, has dual action including coronary and peripheral vasodilatation and cardioprotective effect through ischemic preconditioning. Considering those characteris...

    Authors: Jelena Kostic, Ana Djordjevic-Dikic, Milan Dobric, Dejan Milasinovic, Milan Nedeljkovic, Sinisa Stojkovic, Jelena Stepanovic, Milorad Tesic, Zoran Trifunovic, Danijela Zamaklar-Tifunovic, Mina Radosavljevic-Radovanovic, Miodrag Ostojic and Branko Beleslin

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:26

    Content type: Research

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  12. We hypothesized that a novel three-dimensional virtual semi-transparent annulus plane (3D VSAP) presented on a holographic screen can be used to visualize the prolapsing tissue in degenerative mitral valve dis...

    Authors: Karl-Andreas Dumont, Jørn Skaarud Karlsen, Thomas Helle-Valle, Arnt Eltvedt Fiane, Runar Lundblad and Stig Urheim

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:25

    Content type: Research

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  13. Quantitation of aortic regurgitation (AR) using two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography, including vena contracta width (VCW) measurement, is still challenging. Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography can direct...

    Authors: Hirotomo Sato, Tetsuro Ohta, Kimiko Hiroe, Seiji Okada, Koji Shimizu, Rinji Murakami and Kazuaki Tanabe

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:24

    Content type: Research

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  14. Diagnosis of cardiac masses is still challenging by echocardiography and distinguishing tumors from thrombi has important therapeutical implications. We sought to determine the diagnostic value of real-time pe...

    Authors: Eliza K Uenishi, Márcia A Caldas, Jeane M Tsutsui, Maria C D Abduch, João C N Sbano, Roberto Kalil Filho and Wilson Mathias Jr

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:23

    Content type: Research

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  15. Aortic stenosis has an increasing prevalence in the context of aging population. In these patients non-invasive imaging allows not only the grading of valve stenosis severity, but also the assessment of left v...

    Authors: Andreea Călin, Monica Roşca, Carmen Cristiana Beladan, Roxana Enache, Anca Doina Mateescu, Carmen Ginghină and Bogdan Alexandru Popescu

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:22

    Content type: Review

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  16. Dual imaging stress echocardiography, combining the evaluation of wall motion and coronary flow reserve (CFR) on the left anterior descending artery (LAD), and computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) a...

    Authors: Quirino Ciampi, Fausto Rigo, Elisabetta Grolla, Eugenio Picano and Lauro Cortigiani

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:21

    Content type: Research

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  17. The early identification of the onset of subclinical atheromatosis is essential in reducing the high mortality risk from cardiovascular disease (CVD) worldwide. Although carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) i...

    Authors: Maria Vittoria Arcidiacono, Esther Rubinat, Mercè Borras, Angels Betriu, Javier Trujillano, Teresa Vidal, Didac Mauricio and Elvira Fernández

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:20

    Content type: Research

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  18. Cardio-Oncology is an evolving discipline that focuses on the management of cancer patients who develop cardiovascular complications as a result of their treatment. Although the current combination of surgical...

    Authors: Gauri Akolkar, Navdeep Bhullar, Hilary Bews, Bilal Shaikh, Sheena Premecz, Kimberly-Ann Bordun, David YC Cheung, Vineet Goyal, Anita K Sharma, Philip Garber, Pawan K Singal and Davinder S Jassal

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:18

    Content type: Research

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  19. We sought to evaluate the effects of a strong lipophilic statin (pitavastatin) on plaque components and morphology assessed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), a...

    Authors: Takatomo Watanabe, Masanori Kawasaki, Ryuhei Tanaka, Koji Ono, Nobuo Kako, Maki Saeki, Noriyuki Onishi, Maki Nagaya, Noriaki Sato, Hirotaka Miwa, Masazumi Arai, Toshiyuki Noda, Sachiro Watanabe and Shinya Minatoguchi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:17

    Content type: Research

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  20. To validate the practicality of focused echocardiography with A-F mnemonic performed by non-specialists in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

    Authors: Dorota Sobczyk, Krzysztof Nycz and Pawel Andruszkiewicz

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:16

    Content type: Research

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  21. Predictors of left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) after therapy with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers and β blockers in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomy...

    Authors: Yoshihisa Matsumura, Eri Hoshikawa-Nagai, Toru Kubo, Naohito Yamasaki, Hiroaki Kitaoka, Jun Takata, Yoshinori Doi and Tetsuro Sugiura

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:14

    Content type: Research

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  22. Participation of amateur runners in endurance races continues to increase. Previous studies of marathon runners have raised concerns about exercise-induced myocardial and renal dysfunction and damage. In our p...

    Authors: Bernd Hewing, Sebastian Schattke, Sebastian Spethmann, Wasiem Sanad, Sabrina Schroeckh, Ingolf Schimke, Fabian Halleck, Harm Peters, Lars Brechtel, Jürgen Lock, Gert Baumann, Henryk Dreger, Adrian C Borges and Fabian Knebel

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:13

    Content type: Research

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  23. The identification of pre-clinical microvascular damage in hypertension by non-invasive techniques has proved frustrating for clinicians. This proof of concept study investigated whether entropy, a novel summa...

    Authors: Caroline Bleakley, Aaron McCann, Vivienne McClenaghan, Paul Kevin Hamilton, Auleen Millar, Richard Pumb, Mark Harbinson and Gary Eugene McVeigh

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:12

    Content type: Research

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  24. Assessment of left ventricular (LV) systolic function can be achieved by conventional echocardiographic methods, but quantification of contractility, regional myocardial function, and ventricular synchrony is ...

    Authors: Ann-Sabin J Berli, Rahel Jud Schefer, Kathrin Steininger and Colin C Schwarzwald

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:11

    Content type: Research

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  25. A subset of patients receiving first-time permanent pacemakers (PPM) may also benefit from an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) based on the presence of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD)....

    Authors: Lawrence Lau, Robin Ducas, Jacques Rizkallah, Davinder S Jassal and Colette M Seifer

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:10

    Content type: Research

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  26. The Editors of Cardiovascular Ultrasound would like to thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 12 (2014) and whose valuable support is fundamental to its success.

    Authors: Eugenio Picano and Rosa Sicari

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:9

    Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

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  27. Left ventricular (LV) radial tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) strain increases gradually from the subepicardial to the subendocardial layer in healthy individuals. A speckle tracking echocardiography study suggest...

    Authors: Dana Cramariuc, Eva Gerdts, Johannes Just Hjertaas, Alexandru Cramariuc, Einar Skulstad Davidsen and Knut Matre

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:8

    Content type: Research

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  28. Athlete’s heart is a common definition for a broad spectrum of adaptations induced by intense exercise. We intended to compare left ventricular (LV) mechanics in two sports disciplines with different exercise ...

    Authors: Ipoly Szauder, Attila Kovács and Gábor Pavlik

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:7

    Content type: Research

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  29. Pregnancy represents a physiological adaptation to the transient load changes of maternal heart. This study aimed to investigate maternal left ventricle (LV) performance during normal pregnancy by three-dimens...

    Authors: Juan Cong, Tingpan Fan, Xiaoqian Yang, Jared Wynn Squires, Guomei Cheng, Linlin Zhang and Zhan Zhang

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:6

    Content type: Research

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  30. Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) measured with ultrasound (US) is widely used as biomarker for arteriosclerosis and as surrogate endpoint in interventional studies to assess efficacy of drug therapies. St...

    Authors: Mario Gaarder and Therese Seierstad

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:5

    Content type: Research

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  31. Monitoring the adherence to Appropriateness Use Criteria (AUC) has been identified as an important component for the accreditation of echocardiography laboratories. Referral requisitions are a logical tool to ...

    Authors: Behnam Banihashemi, Kasra Maftoon, Benjamin J W Chow, Jordan Bernick, George A Wells and Ian G Burwash

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:4

    Content type: Research

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  32. Risks associated with air emboli introduced during cardiac surgery have been highlighted by reports of postoperative neuropsychological dysfunction, myocardial dysfunction, and mortality. Presently, there are ...

    Authors: Frank Secretain, Andrew Pollard, Mesbah Uddin, Christopher G Ball, Andrew Hamilton, Robert C Tanzola, Joelle B Thorpe and Brian Milne

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:3

    Content type: Technical notes

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  33. Aortic valve replacement (AVR) is the standard therapy in patients with symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS). In high surgical risk patients, alternative therapeutic options to medical treatment (MT) such as trans...

    Authors: Giovanni Cioffi, Cesare Tomasi, Andrea Rossi, Stefano Nistri, Luigi Tarantini, Giacomo Faden, Carmine Mazzone, Andrea Di Lenarda, Federica Ettori, Carlo Stefenelli and Pompilio Faggiano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:2

    Content type: Research

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  34. Macrophages may concentrate ultrasound contrast agents and exhibit selective adhesion to activated endothelium. The present study investigates in mice the potential of perfluorohexane (PFH) loaded macrophages ...

    Authors: Liselotte M Kornmann, Alma Zernecke, Daniëlle MJ Curfs, Ben JA Janssen, Christian Weber, Menno PJ de Winther, Robert S Reneman, Arnold PG Hoeks and Koen D Reesink

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2015 13:1

    Content type: Research

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  35. Shear Wave Elastography (SWE) imaging is a novel ultrasound technique for quantifying tissue elasticity. Studies have demonstrated that SWE is able to differentiate between diseased and normal tissue in a wide...

    Authors: Kumar V Ramnarine, James W Garrard, Baris Kanber, Sarah Nduwayo, Timothy C Hartshorne and Thompson G Robinson

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:49

    Content type: Research

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  36. Carotid Duplex Ultrasonography (CDUS) is one of the non-invasive imaging modalities used to evaluate for carotid artery stenosis. However, it is often used in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), perip...

    Authors: Mihir Barvalia, David Silber, Michael DiVita, Abinash Joshi, Najam Wasty and Marc Cohen

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:48

    Content type: Research

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  37. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether transcatheter renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) interfere with the development of left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony during the progression of ...

    Authors: Wei Hu, Qing-yan Zhao, Sheng-bo Yu, Bin Sun, Liao Chen, Sheng Cao and Rui-qiang Guo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:47

    Content type: Research

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  38. Ischemic mitral regurgitation is an important consequence of LV remodeling after myocardial infarction. Echocardiographic diagnosis and assessment of ischemic mitral regurgitation are critical to gauge its adv...

    Authors: David M Dudzinski and Judy Hung

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:46

    Content type: How I do it article

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  39. Left atrium enlargement has been associated with cardiac events in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR). Left atrium reverse remodeling (LARR) occur after surgical correction of MR, but the preoperative pre...

    Authors: Lucia R Machado, Zilda M Meneghelo, David CS Le Bihan, Rodrigo BM Barretto, Antonio C Carvalho and Valdir A Moises

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:45

    Content type: Research

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  40. Studies with other imaging modalities have demonstrated a relationship between contrast transit and cardiac output (CO) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). We tested the hypothesis that the transit time d...

    Authors: Brian G Choi, Reza Sanai, Benjamin Yang, Heather A Young, Ramesh Mazhari, Jonathan S Reiner and Jannet F Lewis

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:44

    Content type: Research

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  41. To test the hypothesis that a semi-quantitative echocardiographic calcium score (eCS) significantly correlates with cardiac calcium measured by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and, secondarily,...

    Authors: Nicola Gaibazzi, Chiara Baldari, Pompilio Faggiano, Lisa Albertini, Giacomo Faden, Filippo Pigazzani, Cristina Rossi and Claudio Reverberi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:43

    Content type: Research

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  42. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) and high surgical risk. Hemodynamic performance after TAVI is ...

    Authors: Cristina Gavina, Alexandra Gonçalves, Carlos Almeria, Rosana Hernandez, Adelino Leite-Moreira, Francisco Rocha-Gonçalves and José Zamorano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:41

    Content type: Research

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  43. Diastolic wall strain (DWS), defined using posterior wall thickness (PWT) measurements from standard echocardiographic images (DWS = [PWT(systole)-PWT(diastole)]/PWT(systole)), has been proposed as a marker of...

    Authors: Senthil Selvaraj, Frank G Aguilar, Eva E Martinez, Lauren Beussink, Kwang-Youn A Kim, Jie Peng, Daniel C Lee, Ateet Patel, Jin Sha, Marguerite R Irvin, Donna K Arnett and Sanjiv J Shah

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:40

    Content type: Research

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  44. Atherosclerosis is the underlying cause of the majority of myocardial infarctions and ischemic strokes. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a surrogate measure of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Le...

    Authors: Kristin Evensen, Sebastian Imre Sarvari, Ole Morten Rønning, Thor Edvardsen and David Russell

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:39

    Content type: Research

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  45. Rodent models are increasingly used to study the development and progression of arterial stiffness. Both the non-invasive Doppler derived Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) and the invasively determined arterial elasta...

    Authors: Eric E Morgan, Andrew B Casabianca, Samer J Khouri and Andrea L Nestor Kalinoski

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:37

    Content type: Research

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