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  1. Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    The Editors of Cardiovascular Ultrasound would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 11 (2013).

    Authors: Rosa Sicari and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:4

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  2. Content type: Research

    Experimental data suggests that exclusive heart rate reduction with ivabradine is associated with the amelioration of the endothelial function. Since it is presently unknown whether this also applies to humans...

    Authors: Nicoline Jochmann, Franziska Schröter, Fabian Knebel, Robert Hättasch, Christine Gericke, Karl Stangl, Gert Baumann and Verena Stangl

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:5

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  3. Content type: Review

    Transthoracic echocardiography is the primary imaging modality for the diagnosis of right ventricular (RV) involvement in congenital and acquired heart diseases. There is increasing recognition of the contribu...

    Authors: Carolina E Lemmer (Hunsinger), Mark E Engel, John C Stanfliet and Bongani M Mayosi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:3

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  4. Content type: Research

    Left ventricular wall stress has been investigated in a variety of populations, but the effect of food intake has not been evaluated. We assessed whether left ventricular wall stress is affected by food intake...

    Authors: Ylva Gårdinger, Joanna Hlebowicz, Ola Björgell and Magnus Dencker

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:2

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  5. Content type: Research

    The foetal aortic Doppler frequency spectrum is influenced by cardiac output and contractility of the foetal heart as well as vascular compliance, blood viscosity and impedance of the arterial vascular system....

    Authors: Luís Guedes-Martins, Ana Cunha, Joaquim Saraiva, Ana Rita-Gaio, Ana S Cerdeira, Filipe Macedo and Henrique Almeida

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:1

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  6. Content type: Research

    Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE) remains the first-line diagnostic imaging tool to assess primary mitral regurgitation although cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has proven to estab...

    Authors: Caroline M Van De Heyning, Julien Magne, Luc A Piérard, Pierre-Julien Bruyère, Laurent Davin, Catherine De Maeyer, Bernard P Paelinck, Christiaan J Vrints and Patrizio Lancellotti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:46

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  7. Content type: Research

    Early detection of left ventricle (LV) systolic dysfunction is essential for management of patients with aortic stenosis (AS). Two- dimensional speckle tracking derived global longitudinal peak strain (GLPS) i...

    Authors: Joanna Luszczak, Maria Olszowska, Sylwia Drapisz, Wojciech Plazak, Magdalena Kaznica-Wiatr, Izabela Karch and Piotr Podolec

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:45

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  8. Content type: Research

    Speckle tracking-derived strain and strain rate are recently available parameters to assess left atrial (LA) deformation. We hypothesized that such new parameters could be of interest to evaluate the risk of L...

    Authors: Rui Providência, Ana Faustino, Maria João Ferreira, Lino Gonçalves, Joana Trigo, Ana Botelho, Sérgio Barra and Serge Boveda

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:44

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  9. Content type: Research

    Recently, left ventricular (LV) strain distribution pattern has been assessed in several cardiac disease states. Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC) is an animal model of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy well ...

    Authors: Kenya Kusunose, Youhua Zhang, Todor N Mazgalev, James D Thomas and Zoran B Popović

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:43

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  10. Content type: Research

    Highly trained vascular sonographers make up a significant cost of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) ultrasound screening. However, they are over-trained for this very limited task. Others have reported that hea...

    Authors: Anh TV Nguyen, Geraldine B Hill, Matthew PT Versteeg, Ian A Thomson and Andre M van Rij

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:42

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  11. Content type: Review

    Up-regulation of Ca2+ entry through Ca2+ channels by high rates of beating is involved in the frequency-dependent regulation of contractility: this process is crucial in adaptation to exercise and stress and is u...

    Authors: Tonino Bombardini, Monica Zoppè, Quirino Ciampi, Lauro Cortigiani, Eustachio Agricola, Stefano Salvadori, Tiziana Loni, Lorenza Pratali and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:41

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  12. Content type: Research

    We tested the hypothesis that the apical myocardial mechanics differ from those of other ventricular segments in hypertensive patients with and without apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (ApHCM).

    Authors: Yu-Cheng Kao, Ming-Feng Lee, Chun-Tai Mao, Wei-Siang Chen, Ning-I Yang, Wen-Jin Cherng and Ming-Jui Hung

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:40

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  13. Content type: Research

    It is still not known how patients who are post-transient ischemic attack (TIA) or post-stroke might benefit from prospectively planned comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR). In this pilot evaluation of a...

    Authors: Tamas J Lindenmaier, Daniel N Buchanan, Damien Pike, Tim Hartley, Robert D Reid, J David Spence, Richard Chan, Michael Sharma, Peter L Prior, Neville Suskin and Grace Parraga

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:39

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  14. Content type: Research

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether surface irregularities measured from ultrasound images of carotid artery plaques and quantified using a novel method, correlate with the presence of ipsilater...

    Authors: Baris Kanber, Timothy C Hartshorne, Mark A Horsfield, A Ross Naylor, Thompson G Robinson and Kumar V Ramnarine

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:38

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  15. Content type: Research

    Systolic dilation of the atherosclerotic carotid artery depends on several factors including arterial compliance and the haemodynamic environment. The purpose of this study was to quantify wall motion in steno...

    Authors: Baris Kanber, Timothy C Hartshorne, Mark A Horsfield, Andrew R Naylor, Thompson G Robinson and Kumar V Ramnarine

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:37

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  16. Content type: Research

    Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has recently been proposed as a minimally- invasive, alternative method for blood volume measurement. This study aims at comparing the accuracy of CEUS and the classical the...

    Authors: Ingeborg HF Herold, Gianna Russo, Massimo Mischi, Patrick Houthuizen, Tamerlan Saidov, Marcel van het Veer, Hans C van Assen and Hendrikus HM Korsten

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:36

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  17. Content type: Research

    Echocardiography is a well-established tool for risk stratification in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). ACS has significant impact on LV dyssynchrony, and detrimental effects on systolic function a...

    Authors: Carl Westholm, Jonas Johnson, Tomas Jernberg and Reidar Winter

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:35

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  18. Content type: Research

    Speckle tracking echocardiography is increasingly being used to assess cardiac function in neonates. The objective was to compare speckle tracking strain indices between asphyxiated infants and healthy control...

    Authors: Arvind Sehgal, Flora Wong and Samuel Menahem

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:34

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  19. Content type: Research

    A multimodal polymer-shelled contrast agent (CA) with target specific potential was recently developed and tested for its acoustic properties in a single element transducer setup. Since the developed polymeric...

    Authors: Malin Larsson, Matilda Larsson, Letizia Oddo, Silvia Margheritelli, Gaio Paradossi, Jacek Nowak, Lars-Åke Brodin, Kenneth Caidahl and Anna Bjällmark

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:33

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  20. Content type: Research

    Speckle Tracking Echocardiography (STE) strain analysis relies on both spatial and temporal smoothing. The user is often allowed to adjust these smoothing parameters during analysis. This experimental study in...

    Authors: Christian Arvei Moen, Pirjo-Riitta Salminen, Geir Olav Dahle, Johannes Just Hjertaas, Ketil Grong and Knut Matre

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:32

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  21. Content type: Research

    There has been a lack of research on further stratification of subjects who have pseudonormal pattern of mitral inflow. The study aim was to clarify 2 different groups with different diastolic function grades ...

    Authors: Hack-Lyoung Kim, Joo-Hee Zo, Jae-Bin Seo, Woo-Young Chung, Yong-Jin Kim, Sang-Hyun Kim, Myung-A Kim and Dae-Won Sohn

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:31

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  22. Content type: Technical notes

    Stress echocardiography is a valuable tool for the noninvasive diagnosis of ischemic heart disease. Despite its widely use in the clinical practice, safety and side effects profile have never been evaluated in...

    Authors: Nada Fennich, Fedoua Ellouali, Salima Abdelali, Assad Chaara, Allal Berrada, Imane Elhajjaji, Rhizlane Cherradi, Saadia Abir, Nawal Doghmi and Mohammed Cherti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:30

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  23. Content type: Research

    Myocardial function can be evaluated using color-coded tissue velocity imaging (TVI) to analyze the longitudinal myocardial velocity profile, and by expressing the motion of the atrioventricular plane during a...

    Authors: Nina NE Elmstedt, Jonas JJ Johnson, Britta BL Lind, Kjerstin KFW Ferm-Widlund, Lotta LH Herling, Magnus MW Westgren and Lars-Åke LAB Brodin

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:29

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  24. Content type: Research

    Aortic root size is an important parameter in vascular diseases and can be easily assessed by transthoracic echocardiography. However, measurements values may vary according to cardiac cycle and the definition...

    Authors: Myoung Kyun Son, Sung-A Chang, Ji Hye Kwak, Hye Jin Lim, Sung-Ji Park, Jin-Oh Choi, Sang-Chol Lee, Seung Woo Park, Duk-Kyung Kim and Jae K Oh

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:28

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  25. Content type: Research

    Due to the shortage of donor hearts, the criteria for acceptance have been considerably expanded. Hearts with regional or global left ventricular dysfunction are excluded from donation, but stress echo might b...

    Authors: Tonino Bombardini, Sonia Gherardi, Ornella Leone, Rosa Sicari and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:27

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  26. Content type: Review

    Exercise stress echocardiography is the most frequently used stress test in our laboratory. Exercise echocardiography is used mainly in the study of patients with coronary artery disease. However, the techniqu...

    Authors: Carlos Cotrim, Isabel João, Paula Fazendas, Ana R Almeida, Luís Lopes, Bruno Stuart, Inês Cruz, Daniel Caldeira, Maria José Loureiro, Gonçalo Morgado and Hélder Pereira

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:26

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  27. Content type: Research

    To evaluate the atherosclerotic evolution in coronary bifurcations located proximally and distally to a bioresorbable scaffold.

    Authors: Il Soo Lee, Christos V Bourantas, Takashi Muramatsu, Bill D Gogas, Jung Ho Heo, Roberto Diletti, Vasim Farooq, Yaojun Zhang, Yoshinobu Onuma, Patrick W Serruys and Hector M Garcia-Garcia

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:25

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  28. Content type: Research

    In patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), we investigated the relation of left atrial (LA) deformational parameters evaluated by two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI) ...

    Authors: Cem Dogan, Nihal Ozdemir, Suzan Hatipoglu, Ruken Bengi Bakal, Mehmet Onur Omaygenc, Baris Dindar, Ozkan Candan, Mehmet Yunus Emiroglu and Cihangir Kaymaz

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:24

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  29. Content type: Research

    We investigated longitudinal right ventricular (RV) function assessed using speckle-tracking strain echocardiography in patient with myocardial infarction (MI), and identified the contributing factors for RV d...

    Authors: Katsuhisa Konishi, Kaoru Dohi, Muneyoshi Tanimura, Yuichi Sato, Kiyotaka Watanabe, Emiyo Sugiura, Naoto Kumagai, Shiro Nakamori, Hiroshi Nakajima, Tomomi Yamada, Katsuya Onishi, Mashio Nakamura, Tsutomu Nobori and Masaaki Ito

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:23

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  30. Content type: Research

    External common carotid artery (CCA) diameter and intima-media thickness (IMT) are independently associated with incident stroke and other cardiovascular events. Arterial geometry such as large IMT and large d...

    Authors: Marsha L Eigenbrodt, Gregory W Evans, Kathryn M Rose, Zoran Bursac, Richard E Tracy, Jawahar L Mehta and David J Couper

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:22

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  31. Content type: Research

    Several studies have found that the ultrasound greyscale median (GSM) of carotid artery plaques may be useful for predicting the risk of cerebrovascular events. However, measurements of GSM are typically perfo...

    Authors: Baris Kanber, Timothy C Hartshorne, Mark A Horsfield, Andrew R Naylor, Thompson G Robinson and Kumar V Ramnarine

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:21

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  32. Content type: Research

    Standard measures of left ventricular systolic and diastolic function often fail to identify left ventricular dysfunction in patients with heart failure and do not correlate with measures of functional capacity.

    Authors: John W Petersen, Talha F Nazir, Licheng Lee, Cynthia S Garvan and Ashkan Karimi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:20

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  33. Content type: Research

    Recent studies suggest the significance of right ventricular (RV) function in the outcome in patients with left ventricular dysfunction (LVSD); however, global assessment of RV remains to be determined by echo...

    Authors: Masashi Yamaguchi, Toshihiro Tsuruda, Yuki Watanabe, Hisamitsu Onitsuka, Kuniko Furukawa, Takeshi Ideguchi, Junji Kawagoe, Tetsunori Ishikawa, Johji Kato, Makoto Takenaga and Kazuo Kitamura

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:19

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  34. Content type: Research

    The effect of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) on left ventricular (LV) geometry and function was compared to traditional aortic replacement (AVR) by major surgery.

    Authors: Marco Fabio Costantino, Maurizio Galderisi, Ernesta Dores, Pasquale Innelli, Giandomenico Tarsia, Maurilio Di Natale, Ciro Santoro, Francesco De Stefano, Roberta Esposito and Giovanni de Simone

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:18

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  35. Content type: Research

    Current guidelines recommend that transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) should be performed for acute risk stratification following acute pulmonary embolism (PE), but it is unclear whether the initial TTE can p...

    Authors: Vincent Chow, Austin Chin Chwan Ng, Tommy Chung, Liza Thomas and Leonard Kritharides

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:17

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  36. Content type: Research

    Assessing left ventricular (LV) dysfunction by echocardiography in ICU patients is common. The aim of this study was to investigate mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) in critically ill patients wi...

    Authors: Lill Bergenzaun, Hans Öhlin, Petri Gudmundsson, Ronnie Willenheimer and Michelle S Chew

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:16

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  37. Content type: Research

    During the modified Bentall surgery (aortic root replacement), a cuff of native aorta is implanted, together with the coronary ostium, into the aortic graft. Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) imaging c...

    Authors: Austin Chin Chwan Ng, Dianna Hanzek, Leonard Kritharides and John Yiannikas

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:14

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  38. Content type: Research

    In the last recent years a new percutaneous procedure, the MitraClip, has been validated for the treatment of mitral regurgitation. MitraClip procedure is a promising alternative for patients unsuitable for su...

    Authors: Fabio Guarracino, Baldassare Ferro, Rubia Baldassarri, Pietro Bertini, Francesco Forfori, Cristina Giannini, Vitantonio Di Bello and Anna S Petronio

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:13

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  39. Content type: Technical notes

    In the recent years, the use of Doppler-echocardiography has become a standard non-invasive technique in the analysis of cardiac malformations in genetically modified mice. Therefore, normal values have to be ...

    Authors: Maurícia Vinhas, Ana Carolina Araújo, Sónia Ribeiro, Luís Brás Rosário and José António Belo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:12

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  40. Content type: Review

    To develop a more realistic assessment of costs, herein named “true” costs, the extra-cancer from medical radiation, environmental damage from imaging paraphernalia and radioactive wastes must be included as l...

    Authors: Larissa Braga, Bruna Vinci, Carlo G Leo and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:10

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  41. Content type: Research

    Traditional echocardiographic methods like left ventricular ejection fraction(EF) and wall motion scoring (WMS) and new methods like speckle tracking (ST) based 2D strain carry important prognostic information...

    Authors: Carl Westholm, Jonas Johnson, Anders Sahlen, Reidar Winter and Tomas Jernberg

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:9

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  42. Content type: Research

    A hybrid approach to minimally invasive perventricular closure of VSD in infants is safe and effective, and has been performed under guidance of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). We applied transthoracic...

    Authors: Gui-Can Zhang, Qiang Chen, Hua Cao, Liang-Wan Chen, Li-ping Yang and Dao-zhong Chen

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:8

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  43. Content type: Research

    During ultrasound examination, tricuspid regurgitation may be absent or gives a signal that is not reliable for the estimation of systolic pulmonary pressure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulne...

    Authors: Sven-Olof Granstam, Erik Björklund, Gerhard Wikström and Magnus W Roos

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:7

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  44. Content type: Research

    Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune chronic disease characterized by diffuse fibrosis involving several organs, including heart. Aim of our study was to analyze left ventricular (LV) myocardial deformati...

    Authors: Maurizio Cusmà Piccione, Concetta Zito, Gianluca Bagnato, Giuseppe Oreto, Gianluca Di Bella, Gianfilippo Bagnato and Scipione Carerj

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:6

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  45. Content type: Research

    Aortic stenosis (AS) is a relevant common valve disorder. Severe AS and symptoms and/or left ventricular dysfunction (EF <50%) have the indication for aortic valve replacement (AVR). Majority of the patients w...

    Authors: Kambiz Shahgaldi, Cristina da Silva, Magnus Bäck, Andreas Rück, Aristomenis Manouras and Anders Sahlén

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:5

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  46. Content type: Research

    Calcification is an independent predictor of mortality in calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of non-invasive, non-ionizing echocardiographic calibrated integrat...

    Authors: Bram Roosens, Gezim Bala, Kris Gillis, Isabel Remory, Steven Droogmans, Joan Somja, Eléonore Delvenne, Joeri De Nayer, Johan Schiettecatte, Philippe Delvenne, Patrizio Lancellotti, Guy Van Camp and Bernard Cosyns

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:4

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  47. Content type: Research

    The most widely used experimental models of infective endocarditis (IE) are the rabbit and rat models, in which cardiac valve lesions are induced by a polyethylene catheter introduced into the left ventricle t...

    Authors: Mei-lian Wang, Ying Zhang, Miao Fan, Ya-jun Guo, Wei-dong Ren and En-jie Luo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:3

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  48. Content type: Research

    The aim of this study is to investigate the association between arterial stiffness and left ventricular filling pressure in an apparently healthy Korean population.

    Authors: Hack-Lyoung Kim, Moon-Sun Im, Jae-Bin Seo, Woo-Young Chung, Sang-Hyun Kim, Myung-A Kim and Joo-Hee Zo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:2

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