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  1. Despite 5-7 months of physical inactivity during hibernation, brown bears (Ursus arctos) are able to cope with physiological conditions that would be detrimental to humans. During hibernation, the tissue metab...

    Authors: Peter Godsk Jørgensen, Jon Arnemo, Jon E Swenson, Jan S Jensen, Søren Galatius and Ole Frøbert

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:36

    Content type: Research

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  2. The amount of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) around the heart has been identified as an independent predictor of coronary artery disease (CAD), potentially through local release of inflammatory cytokines. Eth...

    Authors: Teresa G Yañez-Rivera, Manuel A Baños-Gonzalez, Jorge L Ble-Castillo, Manuel E Torres-Hernandez, Jorge E Torres-Lopez and Gabriela Borrayo-Sanchez

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:35

    Content type: Research

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  3. The identification of vascular alterations at the sub-clinical, asymptomatic stages are potentially useful for screening, prevention and improvement of cardiovascular risk stratification beyond classical risk ...

    Authors: Rosa Maria Bruno, Elisabetta Bianchini, Francesco Faita, Stefano Taddei and Lorenzo Ghiadoni

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:34

    Content type: How I do it article

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  4. The evaluation of cardiac contraction could benefit from a connection with the underlying helical structure of cardiac fibers in athletes either completely healthy or with minor common cardiopathies like Bicus...

    Authors: Laura Stefani, Alessio De Luca, Loira Toncelli, Gianni Pedrizzetti and Giorgio Galanti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:33

    Content type: Research

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  5. Impaired left ventricular diastolic filling is common in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), and recent studies support left ventricular underfilling as a cause. To investigate this further,...

    Authors: Nicholas A Marston, William R Auger, Michael M Madani, Bruce J Kimura, G Monet Strachan, Ajit B Raisinghani, Anthony N DeMaria and Daniel G Blanchard

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:32

    Content type: Research

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  6. The study aimed to assess the level of plasma Endothelin-1 (ET-1) in patients before and after transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) and to evaluate the usefulness of measuring ET-1 levels for th...

    Authors: Monika Komar, Jakub Podolec, Wojciech Płazak, Jakub Stępniewski, Bartosz Sobień, Lidia Tomkiewicz-Pająk, Tadeusz Przewłocki and Piotr Podolec

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:31

    Content type: Research

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  7. Cardiac involvement is a relevant clinical finding in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and is associated with poor prognosis. Left atrial (LA) remodeling and/or dysfunction can be an early sign of diastolic dysfunctio...

    Authors: Gergely Agoston, Luna Gargani, Marcelo Haertel Miglioranza, Maria Caputo, Luigi Paolo Badano, Antonella Moreo, Denisa Muraru, Sergio Mondillo, Alberto Moggi Pignone, Marco Matucci Cerinic, Rosa Sicari, Eugenio Picano and Albert Varga

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:30

    Content type: Research

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  8. To evaluate the interobserver reliability of echocardiographic findings of right ventricle (RV) dysfunction for prognosticating normotensive patients with pulmonary embolism (PE).

    Authors: Dita Kopecna, Sem Briongos, Hugo Castillo, Carlos Moreno, Mónica Recio, Paula Navas, José Luis Lobo, Angel Alonso-Gomez, Izaskun Obieta-Fresnedo, Covadonga Fernández-Golfin, José Luis Zamorano and David Jiménez

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:29

    Content type: Research

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  9. Left atrial (LA) size is a predictor of cardiovascular outcomes in patients in sinus rhythm, whereas conflicting results have been found in atrial fibrillation (AF). This study aims to: (1) Evaluate the accura...

    Authors: Ana Faustino, Rui Providência, Sérgio Barra, Luís Paiva, Joana Trigo, Ana Botelho, Marco Costa and Lino Gonçalves

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:28

    Content type: Research

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  10. There is increasing interest in guiding Heart Failure (HF) therapy with Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) or N-terminal prohormone of Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP), with the goal of lowering concentratio...

    Authors: Maria Chiara Scali, Anca Simioniuc, Frank Lloyd Dini and Mario Marzilli

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:27

    Content type: Review

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  11. (Semi) supine exercise testing has an established role in the evaluation of patients with valvular heart disease and can help clinical decision making. Stress echocardiography has the advantages of its wide av...

    Authors: Pawel Petkow Dimitrow, Carlos Cotrim and Tsung O Cheng

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:26

    Content type: Review

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  12. In the last 15 years, a new imaging application of sonography has emerged in the clinical arena: lung ultrasound (LUS). From its traditional assessment of pleural effusions and masses, LUS has moved towards th...

    Authors: Luna Gargani and Giovanni Volpicelli

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:25

    Content type: How I do it article

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  13. A novel polymer-shelled contrast agent (CA) with multimodal and target-specific potential was developed recently. To determine its ultrasonic diagnostic features, we evaluated the endocardial border delineatio...

    Authors: Malin K Larsson, Matilda Larsson, Greg Nowak, Gaio Paradossi, Lars-Åke Brodin, Birgitta Janerot Sjöberg, Kenneth Caidahl and Anna Bjällmark

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:24

    Content type: Research

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  14. Dynamic left ventricular (LV) outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction (DLVOTO) is not infrequently observed in older individuals without overt hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We sought to investigate associated ge...

    Authors: Jung-Joon Cha, Hyemoon Chung, Young Won Yoon, Ji Hyun Yoon, Jong-Youn Kim, Pil-Ki Min, Byoung-Kwon Lee, Bum-Kee Hong, Se-Joong Rim, Hyuck Moon Kwon and Eui-Young Choi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:23

    Content type: Research

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  15. The increasing cost of healthcare is a widespread international problem to which the cost of imaging has been an important contributor. Some imaging tests are ordered inappropriately and contribute to wasted u...

    Authors: Ricardo Fonseca and Thomas H Marwick

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:22

    Content type: How I do it article

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  16. We previously reported the use of a catheter system to damage the tricuspid valve and create infectious endocarditis (IE) in an animal model. The current study aims to create a faint IE model suitable for anti...

    Authors: Mei-lian Wang, Ying Zhang, Miao Fan, Ya-jun Guo, Wei-dong Ren and En-jie Luo

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:21

    Content type: Research

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  17. Heart transplantation is limited by severe donor organ shortage. Regardless of the changes made in the acceptance of marginal donors, any such mechanism cannot be considered successful unless recipient graft s...

    Authors: Tonino Bombardini, Giorgio Arpesella, Massimo Maccherini, Francesco Procaccio, Luciano Potena, Sonia Bernazzali, Ornella Leone and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:20

    Content type: Research

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  18. Left atrial volume (LAV) and exercise capacity are important prognostic determinants of cardiovascular risk. Exercise intolerance and increased LAV are expected in patients with diastolic dysfunction. While dy...

    Authors: Nithima Ratanasit, Khemajira Karaketklang, Srisakul Chirakarnjanakorn, Rungroj Krittayaphong and Decho Jakrapanichakul

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:19

    Content type: Research

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  19. Aortic intima-media thickness measured by transabdominal ultrasound (aIMT) is an intermediate phenotype of cardiovascular risk. We aimed to (1) investigate the reproducibility of aIMT in a population-derived c...

    Authors: Kate McCloskey, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, John B Carlin, Kim Jachno, Michael Cheung, Michael R Skilton, Jane Koleff, Peter Vuillermin and David Burgner

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:18

    Content type: Research

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  20. To clarify the time-course changes in left ventricular myocardial deformation using velocity vector imaging and to provide insights into our understanding of the cardiac pathophysiology in diabetes mellitus.

    Authors: Shi Zeng, Tao Jiang, Qi-chang Zhou, Lianghui Yuan, Jia-wei Zhou and Dan-min Cao

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:17

    Content type: Research

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  21. Persistent foramen ovale (PFO) is considered a cause of cryptogenic stroke and a risk factor for neurological events in young patients. The reference standard for identifying a PFO is contrast-enhanced transes...

    Authors: Monika Komar, Maria Olszowska, Tadeusz Przewłocki, Jakub Podolec, Jakub Stępniewski, Bartosz Sobień, Rafał Badacz, Anna Kabłak-Ziembicka, Lidia Tomkiewicz-Pająk and Piotr Podolec

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:16

    Content type: Research

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  22. Increased arterial stiffness is a risk factor of atherosclerosis and cardio-vascular complications. The aim of the study was to determine whether peripheral vascular function might be an early marker of impair...

    Authors: Lidia Tomkiewicz-Pajak, Hanna Dziedzic-Oleksy, Jacek Pajak, Maria Olszowska, Jacek Kolcz, Monika Komar and Piotr Podolec

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:15

    Content type: Research

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  23. Studies assessing ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) comprised of heterogeneous population and evaluated IMR in the subacute setting. The incidence of early IMR in the setting of primary PCI, its progression ...

    Authors: Jimmy MacHaalany, Olivier F Bertrand, Kim O’Connor, Eltigani Abdelaal, Pierre Voisine, Éric Larose, Éric Charbonneau, Olivier Costerousse, Jean-Pierre Déry and Mario Sénéchal

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:14

    Content type: Research

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  24. Subclinical myocardial involvement is common in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and associated with poor prognosis. Early detection, particularly during follow-up, is important. Two-dimensional speckle tracking echoc...

    Authors: Sebastian Spethmann, Karl Rieper, Gabriela Riemekasten, Adrian C Borges, Sebastian Schattke, Gerd-Ruediger Burmester, Bernd Hewing, Gert Baumann, Henryk Dreger and Fabian Knebel

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:13

    Content type: Research

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  25. Our aim was to assess whether anterograde flow velocities in septal perforating branches could identify an occluded contralateral coronary artery, and to assess the feasibility and accuracy of diagnosing occlu...

    Authors: Johnny Vegsundvåg, Espen Holte, Rune Wiseth, Knut Hegbom and Torstein Hole

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:12

    Content type: Research

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  26. Regular physical activity reduces cardiovascular risk. There is concern that Marathon running might acutely damage the heart. It is unknown to what extent intensive physical endurance activity influences the c...

    Authors: Sebastian Schattke, Yan Xing, Jürgen Lock, Lars Brechtel, Sabrina Schroeckh, Sebastian Spethmann, Gert Baumann, Adrian C Borges and Fabian Knebel

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:11

    Content type: Research

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  27. Left ventricular diastolic impairment and consequently elevated filling pressure may contribute to stasis leading to left atrial appendage thrombus (LAAT) in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). We investigat...

    Authors: Rami Doukky, Enrique Garcia-Sayan, Heather Gage, Vijaiganesh Nagarajan, Anna Demopoulos, Marek Cena, Noreen T Nazir, George J Karam, Richard G Trohman and Rasa Kazlauskaite

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:10

    Content type: Research

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  28. The present study evaluated the predictive value of renal resistive index (RI) for renal function and blood pressure (BP) outcome in hypertensive patients with unilateral atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis ...

    Authors: Rosa Maria Bruno, Elena Daghini, Daniele Versari, Melania Sgrò, Michela Sanna, Luigi Venturini, Caterina Romanini, Irene Di Paco, Isabella Sudano, Roberto Cioni, Lilach O Lerman, Lorenzo Ghiadoni, Stefano Taddei and Stefania Pinto

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:9

    Content type: Research

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  29. 2D speckle tracking echocardiography allows for assessment of left ventricular (LV) torsional deformation as a composite function of the radial, longitudinal and circumferential fibres. We test the hypothesis ...

    Authors: Muhammad Asrar ul Haq, Vivek Mutha, Tina Lin, Konstantinos Profitis, Zoe Tuer, Kwang Lim, David L Hare and Chiew Wong

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:8

    Content type: Research

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  30. Animal studies have shown that shear deformation of myocardial sheets in transmural planes of left ventricular (LV) wall is an important mechanism for systolic wall thickening, and normal and shear strains of ...

    Authors: Li-Jun Yuan, Katsu Takenaka, Kansei Uno, Aya Ebihara, Kazuno Sasaki, Takako Komuro, Makoto Sonoda and Ryozo Nagai

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:7

    Content type: Research

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  31. We sought to investigate the influence of the extent of myocardial injury on left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function in patients after reperfused acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

    Authors: Hyemoon Chung, Ji-Hyun Yoon, Young Won Yoon, Chul Hwan Park, Eun Jung Ko, Jong Youn Kim, Pil-Ki Min, Tae Hoon Kim, Byoung Kwon Lee, Bum-Kee Hong, Se-Joong Rim, Hyuck Moon Kwon and Eui-Young Choi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:6

    Content type: Research

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  32. The Editors of Cardiovascular Ultrasound would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 11 (2013).

    Authors: Rosa Sicari and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:4

    Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

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  33. Experimental data suggests that exclusive heart rate reduction with ivabradine is associated with the amelioration of the endothelial function. Since it is presently unknown whether this also applies to humans...

    Authors: Nicoline Jochmann, Franziska Schröter, Fabian Knebel, Robert Hättasch, Christine Gericke, Karl Stangl, Gert Baumann and Verena Stangl

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:5

    Content type: Research

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  34. Transthoracic echocardiography is the primary imaging modality for the diagnosis of right ventricular (RV) involvement in congenital and acquired heart diseases. There is increasing recognition of the contribu...

    Authors: Carolina E Lemmer (Hunsinger), Mark E Engel, John C Stanfliet and Bongani M Mayosi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:3

    Content type: Review

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  35. Left ventricular wall stress has been investigated in a variety of populations, but the effect of food intake has not been evaluated. We assessed whether left ventricular wall stress is affected by food intake...

    Authors: Ylva Gårdinger, Joanna Hlebowicz, Ola Björgell and Magnus Dencker

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:2

    Content type: Research

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  36. The foetal aortic Doppler frequency spectrum is influenced by cardiac output and contractility of the foetal heart as well as vascular compliance, blood viscosity and impedance of the arterial vascular system....

    Authors: Luís Guedes-Martins, Ana Cunha, Joaquim Saraiva, Ana Rita-Gaio, Ana S Cerdeira, Filipe Macedo and Henrique Almeida

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2014 12:1

    Content type: Research

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  37. Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE) remains the first-line diagnostic imaging tool to assess primary mitral regurgitation although cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has proven to estab...

    Authors: Caroline M Van De Heyning, Julien Magne, Luc A Piérard, Pierre-Julien Bruyère, Laurent Davin, Catherine De Maeyer, Bernard P Paelinck, Christiaan J Vrints and Patrizio Lancellotti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:46

    Content type: Research

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  38. Early detection of left ventricle (LV) systolic dysfunction is essential for management of patients with aortic stenosis (AS). Two- dimensional speckle tracking derived global longitudinal peak strain (GLPS) i...

    Authors: Joanna Luszczak, Maria Olszowska, Sylwia Drapisz, Wojciech Plazak, Magdalena Kaznica-Wiatr, Izabela Karch and Piotr Podolec

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:45

    Content type: Research

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  39. Speckle tracking-derived strain and strain rate are recently available parameters to assess left atrial (LA) deformation. We hypothesized that such new parameters could be of interest to evaluate the risk of L...

    Authors: Rui Providência, Ana Faustino, Maria João Ferreira, Lino Gonçalves, Joana Trigo, Ana Botelho, Sérgio Barra and Serge Boveda

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:44

    Content type: Research

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  40. Recently, left ventricular (LV) strain distribution pattern has been assessed in several cardiac disease states. Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC) is an animal model of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy well ...

    Authors: Kenya Kusunose, Youhua Zhang, Todor N Mazgalev, James D Thomas and Zoran B Popović

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:43

    Content type: Research

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  41. Highly trained vascular sonographers make up a significant cost of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) ultrasound screening. However, they are over-trained for this very limited task. Others have reported that hea...

    Authors: Anh TV Nguyen, Geraldine B Hill, Matthew PT Versteeg, Ian A Thomson and Andre M van Rij

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:42

    Content type: Research

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  42. Up-regulation of Ca2+ entry through Ca2+ channels by high rates of beating is involved in the frequency-dependent regulation of contractility: this process is crucial in adaptation to exercise and stress and is u...

    Authors: Tonino Bombardini, Monica Zoppè, Quirino Ciampi, Lauro Cortigiani, Eustachio Agricola, Stefano Salvadori, Tiziana Loni, Lorenza Pratali and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:41

    Content type: Review

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  43. We tested the hypothesis that the apical myocardial mechanics differ from those of other ventricular segments in hypertensive patients with and without apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (ApHCM).

    Authors: Yu-Cheng Kao, Ming-Feng Lee, Chun-Tai Mao, Wei-Siang Chen, Ning-I Yang, Wen-Jin Cherng and Ming-Jui Hung

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:40

    Content type: Research

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  44. It is still not known how patients who are post-transient ischemic attack (TIA) or post-stroke might benefit from prospectively planned comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR). In this pilot evaluation of a...

    Authors: Tamas J Lindenmaier, Daniel N Buchanan, Damien Pike, Tim Hartley, Robert D Reid, J David Spence, Richard Chan, Michael Sharma, Peter L Prior, Neville Suskin and Grace Parraga

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:39

    Content type: Research

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  45. The purpose of this study was to determine whether surface irregularities measured from ultrasound images of carotid artery plaques and quantified using a novel method, correlate with the presence of ipsilater...

    Authors: Baris Kanber, Timothy C Hartshorne, Mark A Horsfield, A Ross Naylor, Thompson G Robinson and Kumar V Ramnarine

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:38

    Content type: Research

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  46. Systolic dilation of the atherosclerotic carotid artery depends on several factors including arterial compliance and the haemodynamic environment. The purpose of this study was to quantify wall motion in steno...

    Authors: Baris Kanber, Timothy C Hartshorne, Mark A Horsfield, Andrew R Naylor, Thompson G Robinson and Kumar V Ramnarine

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:37

    Content type: Research

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  47. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has recently been proposed as a minimally- invasive, alternative method for blood volume measurement. This study aims at comparing the accuracy of CEUS and the classical the...

    Authors: Ingeborg HF Herold, Gianna Russo, Massimo Mischi, Patrick Houthuizen, Tamerlan Saidov, Marcel van het Veer, Hans C van Assen and Hendrikus HM Korsten

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:36

    Content type: Research

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  48. Echocardiography is a well-established tool for risk stratification in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). ACS has significant impact on LV dyssynchrony, and detrimental effects on systolic function a...

    Authors: Carl Westholm, Jonas Johnson, Tomas Jernberg and Reidar Winter

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:35

    Content type: Research

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  49. Speckle tracking echocardiography is increasingly being used to assess cardiac function in neonates. The objective was to compare speckle tracking strain indices between asphyxiated infants and healthy control...

    Authors: Arvind Sehgal, Flora Wong and Samuel Menahem

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:34

    Content type: Research

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  50. A multimodal polymer-shelled contrast agent (CA) with target specific potential was recently developed and tested for its acoustic properties in a single element transducer setup. Since the developed polymeric...

    Authors: Malin Larsson, Matilda Larsson, Letizia Oddo, Silvia Margheritelli, Gaio Paradossi, Jacek Nowak, Lars-Åke Brodin, Kenneth Caidahl and Anna Bjällmark

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 11:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on: