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  1. Left ventricular rotation and twist can be assessed noninvasively by speckle tracking echocardiography. We sought to characterize the effects of acute load change and change in inotropic state on rotation para...

    Authors: Roman A’roch, Ulf Gustafsson, Jan Poelaert, Göran Johansson and Michael Haney

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:26

    Content type: Research

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  2. Heart transplantation is limited by a severe donor organ shortage. Potential donors with brain death (BD) and left ventricular dysfunction due to neurogenic stunning are currently excluded from donation – alth...

    Authors: Marilena Casartelli, Tonino Bombardini, Davide Simion, Maria Grazia Gaspari and Francesco Procaccio

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:25

    Content type: Research

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  3. The extension and the transmurality of the myocardial infarction are of high predictive value for clinical outcome. The aim of the study was to characterize the ability of longitudinal, circumferential and rad...

    Authors: Erling Aarsæther, Assami Rösner, Espen Straumbotn and Rolf Busund

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:23

    Content type: Research

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  4. Tissue velocity echocardiography is increasingly used to evaluate global and regional cardiac function. Previous studies have suggested that the quantitative measurements obtained during ejection are reliable ...

    Authors: Roman A’roch, Ulf Gustafsson, Göran Johansson, Jan Poelaert and Michael Haney

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:22

    Content type: Research

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  5. Embolization of atherosclerotic debris from the rupture of a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque occurs iatrogenically during percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) and can induce myocardial necrosis. These m...

    Authors: Daniel Kretzschmar, Christian Jung, Sylvia Otto, Stephan Utschig, Michael Hartmann, Thomas Lehmann, Atilla Yilmaz, Tudor C Pörner, Hans R Figulla and Markus Ferrari

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:21

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  6. Age may affect coronary flow reserve (CFR) especially in subjects with atherosclerotic risk factors (ARFs). The aim of this prospective, multicenter, observational study was to determine the effects of aging o...

    Authors: Maurizio Galderisi, Fausto Rigo, Sonia Gherardi, Lauro Cortigiani, Ciro Santoro, Rosa Sicari and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:20

    Content type: Research

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  7. Present data regarding how the fetal heart works and develops throughout gestation is limited. However, the possibility to analyze the myocardial velocity profile provides new possibilities to gain further kno...

    Authors: Nina Elmstedt, Kjerstin Ferm-Widlund, Britta Lind, Lars-Åke Brodin and Magnus Westgren

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:19

    Content type: Research

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  8. Two-dimensional strain echocardiography (2DSE) technique has enabled accurate quantification of regional myocardial function. This experimental study was aimed to investigate the value of 2DSE in detection of ...

    Authors: Shu-sheng Liao, Qin-yun Ruan, Mei-yan Lin and Lei Yan

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:17

    Content type: Research

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  9. Aortic stenosis and mitral regurgitation, patent foramen ovale, interatrial septal defect, atrial fibrillation and perivalvular leak, are now amenable to percutaneous treatment. These percutaneous procedures r...

    Authors: Carla Contaldi, Maria-Angela Losi, Antonio Rapacciuolo, Maria Prastaro, Raffaella Lombardi, Valentina Parisi, Lucia S Parrella, Carlo Di Nardo, Alessandra Giamundo, Roberto Puglia, Giovanni Esposito, Federico Piscione and Sandro Betocchi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:16

    Content type: Review

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  10. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a promising therapy for patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and high perioperative risk. New echocardiographic methods, including 2D Strain analysis, all...

    Authors: Sebastian Schattke, Gerd Baldenhofer, Ines Prauka, Kun Zhang, Michael Laule, Verena Stangl, Wasiem Sanad, Sebastian Spethmann, Adrian C Borges, Gert Baumann, Karl Stangl and Fabian Knebel

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:15

    Content type: Research

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  11. To evaluate the feasibility and possible additional value of transthoracic real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3D-TTE) for the assessment of cardiac structures as compared to 2D-TTE.

    Authors: Ashraf M Anwar, Youssef FM Nosir, Siti Khairani Zainal-Abidin, Aref Ajam and Hassan Chamsi-Pasha

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:14

    Content type: Research

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  12. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been proved to be effective and to prevent progressive left atrial (LA) remodeling. Cryoballoon catheter ablation (CCA), using a different energ...

    Authors: Tamás Erdei, Mónika Dénes, Attila Kardos, Attila Mihálcz, Csaba Földesi, András Temesvári and Mária Lengyel

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:11

    Content type: Research

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  13. Different diagnostic criteria limit comparisons between populations in the prevalence of diastolic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. We aimed to compare across populations age-specific echocardiographic crite...

    Authors: Malgorzata Kloch-Badelek, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Wojciech Sakiewicz, Valérie Tikhonoff, Andrew Ryabikov, Arantxa González, Begoña López, Lutgarde Thijs, Yu Jin, Sofia Malyutina, Katarzyna Stolarz-Skrzypek, Edoardo Casiglia, Javier Díez, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz and Jan A Staessen

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:10

    Content type: Research

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  14. Noncompaction cardiomyopathy (NCCM) is characterized by a prominent trabecular meshwork and deep intertrabecular recesses. Although systolic dysfunction is common, limited information is available on differenc...

    Authors: Kadir Caliskan, Osama I Soliman, Attila Nemes, Ron T van Domburg, Maarten L Simoons and Marcel L Geleijnse

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:9

    Content type: Research

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  15. Non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is the most common cardiomyopathy worldwide, with significant mortality. Correct evaluation of the patient's myocardial function has important clinical significance in...

    Authors: Fengxia Duan, Mingxing Xie, Xinfang Wang, Yuman Li, Lin He, Lan Jiang and Qian Fu

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:8

    Content type: Research

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  16. Gerbode defect is a rare type of left ventricle to right atrium shunt. It is usually congenital in origin, but acquired cases are also described, mainly following infective endocarditis, valve replacement, traum...

    Authors: Hélder Dores, João Abecasis, Regina Ribeiras, José Pedro Neves and Miguel Mendes

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:7

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Our study compares new single beat 3D echocardiography (sb3DE) to cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) for the measurement of right ventricular (RV) dimension and function immediately after a 30 km ...

    Authors: Sebastian Schattke, Moritz Wagner, Robert Hättasch, Sabrina Schroeckh, Tahir Durmus, Ingolf Schimke, Wasiem Sanad, Sebastian Spethmann, Jürgen Scharhag, Alexander Huppertz, Gert Baumann, Adrian C Borges and Fabian Knebel

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:6

    Content type: Research

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  18. Flow patterns in univentricular hearts may have clinical value. Therefore, it is our objective to asses and characterize vortex flow patterns with Fontan circulation in comparison with healthy controls.

    Authors: Konstantinos Lampropoulos, Werner Budts, Alexander Van de Bruaene, Els Troost and Joost P van Melle

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:5

    Content type: Research

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:18

  19. Mitral valve thickness is used as a criterion to distinguish the classical from the non-classical form of mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Classical form of MVP has been associated with higher risk of mitral regur...

    Authors: Mario Sénéchal, Nicolas Michaud, Jimmy MacHaalany, Mathieu Bernier, Michelle Dubois, Julien Magne, Christian Couture, Patrick Mathieu, Olivier F Bertrand and Pierre Voisine

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:3

    Content type: Research

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  20. Use of rate adaptive atrioventricular (AV) delay remains controversial in patients with biventricular (Biv) pacing. We hypothesized that a shortened AV delay would provide optimal diastolic filling by allowing...

    Authors: Reza Rafie, Salima Qamruddin, Ali Ozhand, Nima Taha and Tasneem Z Naqvi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:2

    Content type: Research

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  21. Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) and semi-automatic right ventricular delineation has been proposed as an appropriate method for right ventricle (RV) evaluation. We aimed to examine how manual correcti...

    Authors: Ellen Ostenfeld, Marcus Carlsson, Kambiz Shahgaldi, Anders Roijer and Johan Holm

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2012 10:1

    Content type: Research

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  22. Ingestion of a meal increases the blood flow to the gastrointestinal organs and affects the heart rate (HR), blood pressure and cardiac output (CO), although the mechanisms are not known. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Joanna Hlebowicz, Sandra Lindstedt, Ola Björgell and Magnus Dencker

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:43

    Content type: Research

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  23. Blood flow between the right and left ventricles is subject to the continuity equation and systolic ventricular interdependence. Quantification of this relationship might aid in understanding inter-ventricular...

    Authors: Steven R Bruhl, Mangeet Chahal and Samer J Khouri

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:42

    Content type: Research

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  24. Chronic right ventricular (RV) apical pacing may lead to left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and LV dysfunction. In heart failure due to RV pacing, upgrading to biventricular stimulation (CRT) can improve NYHA ...

    Authors: Maria-Aurora Morales, Umberto Startari, Giuseppe Rossi, Luca Panchetti, Andrea Rossi and Marcello Piacenti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:41

    Content type: Research

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  25. Cardiac syndrome X is an important therapeutic and diagnostic challenge to physician. Study of Csx patients may help to understand the pathophysiology of coronary microcirculation and to gain an insight on the...

    Authors: Otikunta Adikesava Naidu, Durgaprasad Rajasekhar and SAA Latheef

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:40

    Content type: Research

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  26. In recent years, several new technologies for small-animal imaging have been developed. In particular, the use of ultrasound in animal imaging has focused on the investigation of accessible biological structur...

    Authors: Maria Paola Belfiore, Daniela Berritto, Francesca Iacobellis, Claudia Rossi, Gerardo Nigro, Ida Luisa Rotundo, Santolo Cozzolino, Salvatore Cappabianca, Antonio Rotondo and Roberto Grassi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:39

    Content type: Research

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  27. There is strong evidence that left atrial (LA) size is a prognostic marker in a variety of heart diseases. Recently, real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) has been reported as a useful tool for ...

    Authors: Constantina Aggeli, Ioannis Felekos, Emmanuel Poulidakis, Athanasios Aggelis, Dimitrios Tousoulis and Christodoulos Stefanadis

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:38

    Content type: Research

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  28. This study was designed to describe Doppler-echocardiography values of Carpentier-Edwards Perimount Standard (CEPS) and Carpentier-Edwards Perimount Magna (CEPM) aortic prosthetic valves, evaluated by a single...

    Authors: Giovanni Minardi, Giovanni Pulignano, Donatella Del Sindaco, Martina Sordi, Herribert Pavaci, Amedeo Pergolini, Giordano Zampi, Francesca Moschella Orsini, Carlo Gaudio and Francesco Musumeci

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:37

    Content type: Research

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  29. The degree of pulmonary hypertension is not independently related to the severity of left ventricular systolic dysfunction but is frequently associated with diastolic filling abnormalities. The aim of this stu...

    Authors: Tonino Bombardini, Rosa Sicari, Elisabetta Bianchini and Eugenio Picano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:36

    Content type: Research

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  30. The "radiation issue" is the need to consider possible deterministic effects (e.g., skin injuries) and long-term cancer risks due to ionizing radiation in the risk-benefit assessment of diagnostic or therapeut...

    Authors: Eugenio Picano and Eliseo Vano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:35

    Content type: Research

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  31. To prospectively evaluate the relationship between left atrial volume (LAV) and the risk of clinical events in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).

    Authors: Tomoko Tani, Toshikazu Yagi, Takeshi Kitai, Kitae Kim, Hitomi Nakamura, Toshiko Konda, Yoko Fujii, Junichi Kawai, Atsushi Kobori, Natsuhiko Ehara, Makoto Kinoshita, Shuichiro Kaji, Atsushi Yamamuro, Shigefumi Morioka, Toru Kita and Yutaka Furukawa

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:34

    Content type: Research

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  32. Hypertension is associated with atherosclerosis and cardiac and vascular structural and functional changes. Myocardial ischemia may arise in hypertension independent of coronary artery disease through an inter...

    Authors: Mai Tone Lønnebakken, Åshild E Rieck and Eva Gerdts

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:33

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery (CCA-IMT) is a validated marker of systemic atherosclerosis process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between coronary artery disease (C...

    Authors: Marco M Ciccone, Pietro Scicchitano, Annapaola Zito, Luciano Agati, Michele Gesualdo, Sandro Mandolesi, Rosa Carbonara, Francesco Ciciarello and Francesco Fedele

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:32

    Content type: Research

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  34. We evaluated the impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the presence and severity of aortic stenosis (AS) in patients at high risk for coronary artery disease (CAD).

    Authors: Chiaki Masuda, Kaoru Dohi, Yuko Sakurai, Yuri Bessho, Harumi Fukuda, Shinobu Fujii, Tadafumi Sugimoto, Masaki Tanabe, Katsuya Onishi, Katsuya Shiraki, Masaaki Ito and Tsutomu Nobori

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:31

    Content type: Research

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  35. Sodium channel blockers augment ST-segment elevation in the right precordial leads in patients undergoing Brugada-type electrocardiography (ECG). However, their effect on echocardiographic features is not know...

    Authors: Kazuya Murata, Takeshi Ueyama, Takeo Tanaka, Yoshio Nose, Yasuaki Wada and Masunori Matsuzaki

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:30

    Content type: Research

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  36. Many previous studies have evaluated the impact of mitral valve (MV) deformity scores on the percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) outcome in patients with mitral stenosis; however, the relatio...

    Authors: Mojtaba Salarifar, Mehrnaz Rezvanfard, Hakimeh Sadeghian, Azam Safir-mardanloo and Nahid Shafii

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:29

    Content type: Research

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  37. Cardiac resynchronization therapy is proven efficacious in patients with heart failure (HF). Presence of biventricular HF is associated with a worse prognosis than having only left ventricular (LV) HF and paci...

    Authors: Magnus Edner, Margareta Ring and Peter Henriksson

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:28

    Content type: Research

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  38. Regular training, in particular endurance exercise, induces structural myocardial adaptation, so-called "athlete's heart". In addition to the 2D standard echo parameters, assessment of myocardial function is c...

    Authors: Alessio De Luca, Laura Stefani, Gianni Pedrizzetti, Stefano Pedri and Giorgio Galanti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:27

    Content type: Research

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  39. When applying echo-Doppler imaging for either clinical or research purposes it is very important to select the most adequate modality/technology and choose the most reliable and reproducible measurements. Qual...

    Authors: Maurizio Galderisi, Stefano Nistri, Sergio Mondillo, Maria-Angela Losi, Pasquale Innelli, Donato Mele, Denisa Muraru, Antonello D'Andrea, Piercarlo Ballo, Aurelio Sgalambro, Roberta Esposito, Giuliano Marti, Alessandro Santoro, Eustachio Agricola, Luigi P Badano, Roberto Marchioli…

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:26

    Content type: Technical notes

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  40. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP) promote derangement of the extracellular matrix, which is ultimately reflected in plaque images seen on ultrasound. Videodensitometry can i...

    Authors: Liz Andréa V Baroncini, Antonio Filho Pazin, Luiz Otávio Murta Junior, Lia S Nakao, Simone G Ramos and Dalton B Précoma

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:24

    Content type: Research

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  41. A 71-year-old woman presented with a right adnexal solid mass invading the right gonadal vein and inferior vena cava up to the hepatic veins revealed by CT and confirmed by MRI. A thin-walled cyst and a solid ...

    Authors: Cristina L Wood, James Sederberg II, Paul Russ and Tamas Seres

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:23

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Biventricular (Biv) pacemaker echo optimization has been shown to improve cardiac output however is not routinely used due to its complexity. We investigated the role of a simple method involving computerized ...

    Authors: Nima Taha, Jing Zhang, Reza Rafie, Rupesh Ranjan, Salima Qamruddin and Tasneem Z Naqvi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2011 9:20

    Content type: Research

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