Skip to main content

Table 1 Clinical and laboratory characteristics of study population

From: Non-dipper treated hypertensive patients do not have increased cardiac structural alterations

  I (n = 58) II (n = 72) III (n = 99) P
Age (years) 54.1 ± 8.5 56.1 ± 10.1 56.6 ± 12.2 NS
Gender (M/F) 32/26 47/25 47/52 NS
Body mass index (kg/m2) 25.6 ± 3.2 26.1 ± 3.1 28.4 ± 5.1 p <0.01*
Duration of HT (years) 6.9 ± 5.1 6.3 ± 4.9 7.1 ± 5.0 NS
Current smokers (%) 25.9 24.2 26.5 NS
Heart rate (b/min) 72.3 ± 8.1 72.5 ± 12.1 69.9 ± 10.1 NS
   Clinic BP:   
SBP (mmHg) 128.4 ± 13.2 157.9 ± 14.9 164.4 ± 23.0 p < 0.01*
DBP (mmHg) 81.1 ± 7.0 97.4 ± 8.4 98.3 ± 11.3 p < 0.01§
   Ambulatory BP   
24-h SBP(mmHg) 125.3 ± 8.6 131.1 ± 11.3 144.1 ± 16.8 p < 0.01*
24-h DBP(mmHg) 80.0 ± 6.0 80.6 ± 8.3 85.6 ± 11.8 p < 0.01*
Daytime SBP(mmHg) 129.0 ± 9.6 136.3 ± 11.6 147.3 ± 17.9 p < 0.01*
Daytime DBP(mmHg) 83.5 ± 6.8 85.4 ± 8.6 89.8 ± 11.5 p < 0.05 *
Nighttime SBP (mmHg) 115 ± 8.8 120.7 ± 12.9 135.5 ± 18.7 p < 0.01*
Nighttime DBP (mmHg) 70.8 ± 6.1 71.5 ± 9.3 77.8 ± 10.6 p < 0.01*
Blood glucose(mmol/l) 5.17 ± 0.67 5.44 ± 0.96 5.80 ± 1.72 p < 0.05§
T serum cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.73 ± 0.93 5.84 ± 0.96 5.71 ± 1.07 NS
Serum creatinine(μmol/l) 88.1 ± 16.2 89.2 ± 15.6 88.2 ± 22.6 NS
  1. Data are means ± SD; NS = not significant; HT = hypertension; SBP = systolic blood pressure ; DBP = diastolic blood pressure * III vs II, I ; §III vs I ;