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  1. In patients with repaired Fallot, subsequent surgical or interventional procedures and adverse cardiac events are frequent. We aimed to evaluate the impact of a simple pre-operative anatomic classification bas...

    Authors: Antonio Ravaglioli, Lamia Ait-Ali, Duccio Federici, Stefano Salvadori, Arketa Pllumi, Vitali Pak, Chiara Marrone, Alessandra Pizzuto, Philipp Bonhoeffer and Pierluigi Festa

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:23

    Content type: Research

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  2. Left atrial (LA) function can be impaired by the atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation and might be associated with the risk of recurrence. We sought to determine whether the post-procedural changes in LA function...

    Authors: Songnan Wen, Manasawee Indrabhinduwat, Peter A. Brady, Cristina Pislaru, Fletcher A. Miller, Naser M. Ammash, Vuyisile T. Nkomo, Ratnasari Padang, Sorin V. Pislaru and Grace Lin

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:22

    Content type: Research

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  3. Risk stratification in patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NI-DCM) is essential to treatment planning. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) predicts poor prognosis in various cardiac diseases, but i...

    Authors: Ieva Kažukauskienė, Giedrė Balčiūnaitė, Vaida Baltrūnienė, Jelena Čelutkienė, Vytė Valerija Maneikienė, Sigitas Čibiras, Kęstutis Ručinskas and Virginija Grabauskienė

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:21

    Content type: Research

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  4. The purpose of this study were to identify the usefulness of screening for PFO using agitated saline echocardiography (ASE) and characteristics and prognosis of patients with suggestive of patent foramen ovale...

    Authors: Jaehuk Choi, Min-Kyung Kang, Jin-Sun Jun, Dong Geum Shin, Donghoon Han, Seonghoon Choi, Jung Rae Cho and Namho Lee

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:20

    Content type: Research

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  5. Focused cardiac ultrasound (FOCUS) can aid in evaluation and management of patients with cardiac arrest, but image quality in this population has been questioned. Our goal was to determine how often adequate i...

    Authors: Jessica R. Balderston, Alan X. You, David P. Evans, Lindsay A. Taylor and Zachary M. Gertz

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:19

    Content type: Research

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  6. We sought to explore the relationship between an index of left ventricular diastolic function parameters combined with left atrial strain and the diastolic function of patients with preserved ejection fraction.

    Authors: You Zhou, Cai-Ming Zhao, Zhen-Ya Shen, Xin Zhao and Bing-Yuan Zhou

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:17

    Content type: Research

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  7. Studies on the management of functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) during mitral valve operations have drawn inconsistent conclusions. This study was designed to compare the treatment strategy of concomitant...

    Authors: Yue Zhong, Wenjuan Bai, Hui Wang, Hong Qian and Li Rao

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:16

    Content type: Research

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  8. Our study aimed to determine whether layer-specific strain (LSS) could reflect regional myocardial impairment in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The study enrolled 50 patients with HCM and 30 ...

    Authors: Zhongxiu Chen, Chunmei Li, Yajiao Li, Li Rao, Xiaoling Zhang, Dan Long and Chen Li

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:15

    Content type: Research

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  9. The impact of volume overload due to aortic regurgitation (AR) on systolic and diastolic left ventricular (LV) indices and left atrial remodeling is unclear. We assessed the structural and functional effects o...

    Authors: Jonas Jenner, Ali Ilami, Johan Petrini, Per Eriksson, Anders Franco-Cereceda, Maria J. Eriksson and Kenneth Caidahl

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:14

    Content type: Research

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  10. Whether the in vitro fertilization (IVF) has an effect on the cardiac function of the fetus is very important to evaluate the safety of the technique. The aim of this paper is to establish normal reference ran...

    Authors: Shaoqi Chen, Zemin Zhuang, Qingzi Chen, Xiya Du, Weiping Li and Xuerui Tan

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:13

    Content type: Research

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  11. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Cecilia Beatriz Bittencourt Viana Cruz, Ludhmila A. Hajjar, Fernando Bacal, Marco S. Lofrano-Alves, Márcio S. M. Lima, Maria C. Abduch, Marcelo Luiz Campos Vieira, Hsu P. Chiang, Juliana B. C. Salviano, Isabela Bispo Santos da Silva Costa, Julia Tizue Fukushima, Joao C. N. Sbano, Wilson Mathias Jr and Jeane M. Tsutsui

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:12

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:6

  12. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility using real-time four-dimensional (RT 4D) volume imaging with electronic matrix probe to observe the morphology of atrioventricular valves in normal and ...

    Authors: Huiyu Tang, Wei Sun, Xue Sun, Yu Wang, Yu Qi, Dong Wang and Ying Zhang

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:11

    Content type: Research

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  13. This study was a quality-control study of resting and exercise Doppler echocardiography (EDE) variables measured by 19 echocardiography laboratories with proven experience participating in the RIGHT Heart Inte...

    Authors: Francesco Ferrara, Luna Gargani, Carla Contaldi, Gergely Agoston, Paola Argiento, William F. Armstrong, Francesco Bandera, Filippo Cademartiri, Rodolfo Citro, Antonio Cittadini, Rosangela Cocchia, Michele D’Alto, Antonello D’Andrea, Philipp Douschan, Stefano Ghio, Ekkehard Grünig…

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:9

    Content type: Research

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  14. Left atrial (LA) and left atrial appendage (LAA) dysfunction has been demonstrated to contribute to atrial fibrillation (AF)-related stroke. However, usefulness of LA and LAA mechanics has not been fully compa...

    Authors: Yankai Mao, Chan Yu, Yuan Yang, Mingming Ma, Yunhe Wang, Ruhong Jiang, Ran Chen, Bowen Zhao and Chenyang Jiang

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:7

    Content type: Research

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  15. Acute cellular rejection (ACR) is a major complication after heart transplantation. Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) remains the gold standard for its diagnosis, but it has concerning complications. We evaluated th...

    Authors: Cecilia Beatriz Bittencourt Viana Cruz, Ludhmila A. Hajjar, Fernando Bacal, Marco S. Lofrano-Alves, Márcio S. M. Lima, Maria C. Abduch, Marcelo L. C. Vieira, Hsu P. Chiang, Juliana B. C. Salviano, Isabela Bispo Santos da Silva Costa, Julia Tizue Fukushima, Joao C. N. Sbano, Wilson Mathias Jr and Jeane M. Tsutsui

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:12

  16. It is unclear whether increased left ventricular (LV) thickness is associated with worse clinical outcomes in severe aortic stenosis (AS). The aim of this study was to determine the effect of increased LV wall...

    Authors: Kyungil Park, Tae-Ho Park, Yoon-Seong Jo, Young-Rak Cho, Jong-Sung Park, Moo-Hyun Kim and Young-Dae Kim

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:5

    Content type: Research

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  17. Left atrial (LA) enlargement and dysfunction are related to clinical course in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We aimed to investigate genetic contribution to LA structural and functional remo...

    Authors: Hyemoon Chung, Yoonjung Kim, Chul Hwan Park, In-Soo Kim, Jong-Youn Kim, Pil-Ki Min, Young Won Yoon, Tae Hoon Kim, Byoung Kwon Lee, Bum-Kee Hong, Se-Joong Rim, Hyuck Moon Kwon, Kyung-A Lee and Eui-Young Choi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:4

    Content type: Research

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  18. In patients undergoing left atrial appendage (LAA) closure, an accurate sizing of the LAA is key to optimize device sizing, procedural success and reduce complications. Previous studies have shown that intrapr...

    Authors: Afonso B. Freitas-Ferraz, Mathieu Bernier, Kim O’Connor, Jonathan Beaudoin, Jean Champagne, Jean-Michel Paradis, Gilles O’Hara, Guillem Muntané- Carol, Alberto Alperi, Laurent Faroux, Lucia Junquera and Josep Rodés-Cabau

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:3

    Content type: Research

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  19. Infective endocarditis (IE) is a lethal disease that is difficult to diagnosis early. Although echocardiography is one of the most widely used diagnostic technique, it has limited sensitivity. This study surve...

    Authors: Zuning Ren, Jian Zhang, Hongjie Chen, Xichao Mo, Shaohang Cai and Jie Peng

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:2

    Content type: Research

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  20. Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is the most common primary valvular heart disease leading to surgical or percutaneous aortic valve replacement (AVR) in Europe and its prevalence keeps growing. While other risk fact...

    Authors: João Ferreira, Valdirene Gonçalves, Patrícia Marques-Alves, Rui Martins, Sílvia Monteiro, Rogério Teixeira and Lino Gonçalves

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:1

    Content type: Research

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  21. Diastolic dysfunction can be caused by hypertension or diabetes mellitus, and it is also often found with increasing age. In a given patient, the cause of diastolic dysfunction is therefore not always obvious....

    Authors: Martin G. Sundqvist, Anders Sahlén, Zee Pin Ding and Martin Ugander

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:46

    Content type: Research

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  22. The health of athletes has been recognized as a worldwide public concern with more reported sudden cardiac deaths (SCD). Therefore, early detection of abnormal heart function in athletes can help reduce the ri...

    Authors: Pengge Li, Yonggao Zhang, Lijin Li, Yingchun Chen, Zhen Li, Songyan Liu and Shaohua Hua

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:45

    Content type: Research

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  23. With an increasing clinical importance of the treatment of the heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), it is important to be certain of the diagnosis of HF. We investigated global and regi...

    Authors: Hyung Yoon Kim, Sung-Ji Park, Sang-Chol Lee, Shin Yi Chang, Eun-Kyoung Kim, Sung-A Chang, Jin-Oh Choi, Seung Woo Park, Sung-Mok Kim, Yeon Hyeon Choe and Jae K. Oh

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:44

    Content type: Research

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  24. A history of previous cardiac disease increases the maternal mortality risk by as much as 100%. There is no consensus on the absolute contraindications to vaginal delivery in valvular heart disease, but centra...

    Authors: Lorenza Driul, Francesco Meroi, Alessia Sala, Silvia Delrio, Daisy Pavoni, Federico Barbariol, Ambrogio Londero, Teresa Dogareschi, Alessandra Spasiano, Luigi Vetrugno and Tiziana Bove

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:43

    Content type: Case report

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  25. The American Society for Echocardiography/European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (ASE/EACVI) 2016 guidelines for assessment of diastolic dysfunction (DD) are based primarily on the effects of diastolic...

    Authors: Ythan H. Goldberg, David Megyessi, Mischa Flam, Daniel M. Spevack, Martin G. Sundqvist and Martin Ugander

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:42

    Content type: Research

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  26. The quantification of tricuspid regurgitation(TR) using three-dimensional(3D) proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) derived effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA) is feasible in functional TR. The aim of...

    Authors: Beiqi Chen, Yu Liu, Wuxu Zuo, Quan Li, Dehong Kong, Cuizhen Pan, Lili Dong, Xianhong Shu and Junbo Ge

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:41

    Content type: Research

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  27. Shear waves are generated by the closure of the heart valves. Significant differences in shear wave velocity have been found recently between normal myocardium and disease models of diffusely increased muscle sti...

    Authors: Mihai Strachinaru, Johan G. Bosch, Arend F. L. Schinkel, Michelle Michels, Lida Feyz, Nico de Jong, Marcel L. Geleijnse and Hendrik J. Vos

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:40

    Content type: Research

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  28. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), defined by the left ventricular mass index (LVMI), is highly prevalent in hemodialysis patients and a strong independent predictor of cardiovascular events. Compared to card...

    Authors: Sören Jendrik Grebe, Uwe Malzahn, Julian Donhauser, Dan Liu, Christoph Wanner, Vera Krane and Fabian Hammer

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:39

    Content type: Research

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  29. Strain Rate Imaging (SRI) is one of the most used techniques to study left atrial (LA) and diastolic function. Its availability in low-income countries is diminished since it requires additional expensive soft...

    Authors: Laura V. Argento, Carolina M. Travetto, Maria de las M. Colicigno, Gerardo Marambio, Silvia Gentile, Ana Salvati, Jorge Lax and Tomás Cianciulli

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:38

    Content type: Research

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  30. Point-of-care transthoracic echocardiography (POC-TTE) is essential in shock management, allowing for stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO) estimation using left ventricular outflow tract diameter (LVOTD)...

    Authors: Ehson Aligholizadeh, William Teeter, Rajan Patel, Peter Hu, Syeda Fatima, Shiming Yang, Gautam Ramani, Sami Safadi, Peter Olivieri, Thomas Scalea and Sarah Murthi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:37

    Content type: Research

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  31. Three-dimensional intracardiac echocardiography (3D ICE) with wide azimuthal elevation is a novel technique performed for assessment of cardiac anatomy and guidance of intracardiac procedures, being able to pr...

    Authors: Konstantin Yastrebov, Laurencie Brunel, Hugh S. Paterson, Zoe A. Williams and Paul G. Bannon

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:36

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Up to 20% of resting echocardiograms obtained are suboptimal leading to further downstream testing and delays in diagnosis. Contrast enhanced echocardiography is well established and endorsed for use by the Am...

    Authors: Ryan Prentice, Homayoun Ahmadian, Dustin Thomas, Jeremy Berger and Rosco Gore

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:35

    Content type: Research

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  33. Fetal anemia is associated with a hyperdynamic circulation and cardiac remodeling. Rapid intrauterine transfusion (IUT) of blood with high hematocrit and viscosity into the umbilical vein used to treat this co...

    Authors: Lotta Herling, Jonas Johnson, Kjerstin Ferm-Widlund, Fredrik Bergholm, Peter Lindgren, Sven-Erik Sonesson, Ganesh Acharya and Magnus Westgren

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:34

    Content type: Research

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  34. Several studies addressed the association between fragmented QRS (fQRS) on 12-lead EKG and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in patients with a variety of cardiovascular disorders. We tested such association i...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Nikoo, Zahra Jamali, Iman Razeghian-Jahromi, Mehrab Sayadi, Paolo Verdecchia and Firoozeh Abtahi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:33

    Content type: Research

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  35. Right ventricular (RV) function is an important prognostic indicator. The acute effects of cardiac interventions or cardiac surgery on global and longitudinal RV function are not entirely understood. In this s...

    Authors: Marius Keller, Tim Heller, Tobias Lang, Johannes Patzelt, Juergen Schreieck, Christian Schlensak, Peter Rosenberger and Harry Magunia

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:32

    Content type: Research

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  36. Left atrial spontaneous echo contrast (LASEC) is common in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), although scarce information exists on LASEC occurring in nonvalvular AF patients who have low thromboembolic r...

    Authors: Kanako Akamatsu, Takahide Ito, Michishige Ozeki, Masatoshi Miyamura, Koichi Sohmiya and Masaaki Hoshiga

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:31

    Content type: Research

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  37. Arteriosclerosis can be reflected in various aspect of the artery, including atherosclerotic plaque formation or stiffening on the arterial wall. Both arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis are important and clo...

    Authors: Huan Liu, Jinbo Liu, Wei Huang, Hongwei Zhao, Na Zhao and Hongyu Wang

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:30

    Content type: Research

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  38. Coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) is characterized by the presence of collateral blood vessels which can provide additional blood supply to CTO-artery dependent myocardium. Successful CTO recanalization i...

    Authors: Milan Dobric, Branko Beleslin, Milorad Tesic, Ana Djordjevic Dikic, Sinisa Stojkovic, Vojislav Giga, Miloje Tomasevic, Ivana Jovanovic, Olga Petrovic, Jelena Rakocevic, Nikola Boskovic, Dragana Sobic Saranovic, Goran Stankovic, Vladan Vukcevic, Dejan Orlic, Dragan Simic…

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:29

    Content type: Research

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  39. We investigated the usefulness of the left atrial (LA) strain measurement on the prediction of upcoming cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction (CTRCD) after trastuzumab therapy in patients with breast...

    Authors: Hyukjin Park, Kye Hun Kim, Hyung Yoon Kim, Jae Yeong Cho, Hyun Ju Yoon, Young Joon Hong, Hyung Wook Park, Ju Han Kim, Youngkeun Ahn, Myung Ho Jeong and Jeong Gwan Cho

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:28

    Content type: Research

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  40. Accurate assessment of left ventricular (LV) systolic function is important after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). LV ejection fraction (LVEF) is conventionally used to evaluate LV systolic function; de...

    Authors: Lan-Ting Zhao, Lu Liu, Ping-Ping Meng, Yong-Huai Wang, Meng Li, Jun Yang, Tian-Xiang Gu and Chun-Yan Ma

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:27

    Content type: Research

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  41. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common form of inherited muscle disease in children. The incidence of cardiomyopathy induced by DMD increases with age. Left ventricular ejection fraction usually ...

    Authors: Guang Song, Jing Zhang, Xin Wang, Xintong Zhang, Feifei Sun and Xiaona Yu

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:26

    Content type: Review

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  42. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening disease difficult to diagnose and manage in severe hemodynamic unstable patients. Transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is considered useful to improve diagnosis...

    Authors: Pietro Bertini, Alessandro Ribechini and Fabio Guarracino

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:25

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Accurate measurement of the maximum aortic diameter (Dmax) is crucial for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Aortic computed tomography (CT) provides accurate Dmax values by three-dimensional (3-D)...

    Authors: In-Jeong Cho, Jinyong Lee, Jinki Park, Sang-Eun Lee, Chul-Min Ahn, Young-Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi and Hyuk-Jae Chang

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:24

    Content type: Research

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  44. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)-derived atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) has been reported to be useful for detecting paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). However, its usefulness remains unknown when analyz...

    Authors: Kanako Akamatsu, Takahide Ito, Masatoshi Miyamura, Yumiko Kanzaki, Koichi Sohmiya and Masaaki Hoshiga

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:22

    Content type: Research

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  45. Continuous real-time echocardiographic monitoring is essential for guidance during ASD closure. However, transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) can only be implemented intermittently during fluoroscopy. We evalu...

    Authors: Yun-Ching Fu, Shen Kou Tsai, Wen-Yen Jian, Tsung-Cheng Shyu, Chieh-Mao Chuang and Betau Hwang

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:21

    Content type: Technical notes

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  46. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) is an objective, well-validated and reproducible technique of assessing left ventricular longitudinal deformation; it also offers a more sensitive assessment of myocardi...

    Authors: Beata Uziębło-Życzkowska, Marta Mielniczuk, Robert Ryczek and Paweł Krzesiński

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2020 18:19

    Content type: Case report

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