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  1. Left ventricular (LV) wall thickness can be measured at the posterior wall (PW) and the intraventricular septum (IVS) in a parasternal long axis view by transthoracic echocardiography. Thus, there are three me...

    Authors: Satoshi Yamaguchi, Michio Shimabukuro, Masami Abe, Tomohiro Arakaki, Osamu Arasaki and Shinichiro Ueda

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:30

    Content type: Research

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  2. Cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) is a functional assessment that helps to detect disorders affecting the system involved in oxygen transport and utilization through the analysis of the gas exchange during ...

    Authors: Ciro Santoro, Regina Sorrentino, Roberta Esposito, Maria Lembo, Valentina Capone, Francesco Rozza, Massimo Romano, Bruno Trimarco and Maurizio Galderisi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:29

    Content type: Review

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  3. The search for reliable cardiac functional parameters is crucial in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR). In the Italian arm of the European Registry of MR, we compared the ability of global longitudinal st...

    Authors: Ciro Santoro, Maurizio Galderisi, Roberta Esposito, Agostino Buonauro, Juan Manuel Monteagudo, Regina Sorrentino, Maria Lembo, Covadonga Fernandez-Golfin, Bruno Trimarco and Josè Luis Zamorano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:28

    Content type: Research

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  4. Myocardial pathology results in significant morbidity and mortality, whether due to primary cardiomyopathic processes or secondary to other conditions such as ischemic heart disease. Cardiac imaging techniques...

    Authors: Mohammed A. Moharram, Regis R. Lamberts, Gillian Whalley, Michael J. A. Williams and Sean Coffey

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:27

    Content type: Review

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  5. A high incidence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and increased risk of cardiovascular events have been reported in patients with diabetes mellitus. Sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors s...

    Authors: Koichiro Matsumura and Tetsuro Sugiura

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:26

    Content type: Review

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  6. Cardiac involvement due to iron overload is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with thalassemia, and many patients remain asymptomatic until the late stages. Therefore, early detectio...

    Authors: Firoozeh Abtahi, Alireza Abdi, Saideh Jamshidi, Mehran Karimi, Mohammad Ali Babaei-Beigi and Armin Attar

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:24

    Content type: Research

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  7. Left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF) assessed by two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) is the most widely used parameter for clinical decision-making, but reproducibility and accuracy problems remai...

    Authors: Yosuke Nabeshima, Hidehiro Namisaki, Toshihiro Teshima, Yasuhiko Kurashige, Akiko Kakio, Azusa Fukumitsu, Yutaka Otsuji and Masaaki Takeuchi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:23

    Content type: Research

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  8. Normative reference values for echocardiographic chamber quantification are of great importance; however, this can be challenging. Our aim was to derive these values including degrees of abnormality from a ran...

    Authors: Josef Marek, Jean-Claude Lubanda, Renata Cifkova, Petr Kuchynka, Lubor Golan, Eduard Nemcek and Ales Linhart

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:22

    Content type: Research

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  9. Whether mitral leaflet elongation is a primary phenotype of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is controversial. We investigated the genetic relevance and determinants of mitral leaflet size by performing exten...

    Authors: Hyemoon Chung, Yoonjung Kim, Chul-Hwan Park, Jong-Youn Kim, Pil-Ki Min, Young Won Yoon, Tae Hoon Kim, Byoung Kwon Lee, Bum-Kee Hong, Se-Joong Rim, Hyuck Moon Kwon, Kyung-A Lee and Eui-Young Choi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:21

    Content type: Research

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  10. Cardiac adaptation to intense physical training is determined by many factors including age, gender, body size, load training and ethnicity. Despite the wide availability of ECG analysis, with a higher presenc...

    Authors: Giorgio Galanti, Loira Toncelli, Benedetta Tosi, Melissa Orlandi, Chiara Giannelli, Laura Stefani, Gabriele Mascherini and Pietro A. Modesti

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:20

    Content type: Research

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  11. Nearly one-third of heart failure (HF) patients do not respond to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) despite having left bundle branch block (LBBB). The aim of the study was to investigate a novel method ...

    Authors: Tomas Zaremba, Bhupendar Tayal, Sam Riahi, Anna Margrethe Thøgersen, Niels Eske Bruun, Kasper Janus Grønn Emerek, Joseph Kisslo, Thomas Fritz Hansen, Niels Risum and Peter Søgaard

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:19

    Content type: Research

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  12. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is an established method for evaluation of left ventricular (LV) systolic function. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) by speckle tracking echocardiography seems to be a...

    Authors: Sigve Karlsen, Thomas Dahlslett, Bjørnar Grenne, Benthe Sjøli, Otto Smiseth, Thor Edvardsen and Harald Brunvand

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:18

    Content type: Research

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  13. The Doppler-derived myocardial performance index (MPI) has been considered as a diagnostic and prognostic Doppler marker for many different clinical conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the d...

    Authors: José Maria Gonçalves Fernandes, Benício de Oliveira Romão, Ivan Romero Rivera, Maria Alayde Mendonça, Francisco de Assis Costa, Margareth de Souza Lira Handro, Orlando Campos, Ângelo Amato V. De Paola and Valdir Ambrósio Moisés

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:17

    Content type: Research

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  14. Myocardial deformation imaging using speckle-tracking echocardiography to assess global longitudinal strain (GLS) is today considered a more sensitive measure of left ventricular (LV) systolic function than ej...

    Authors: Keti Dalla, Odd Bech-Hanssen and Sven-Erik Ricksten

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:16

    Content type: Research

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  15. Previous studies highlighted the usefulness of integrating left ventricular (LV) deformation (strain) and hemodynamic parameters to quantify LV performance. In a population sample, we investigated the anthropo...

    Authors: Nicholas Cauwenberghs, Mahdi Tabassian, Lutgarde Thijs, Wen-Yi Yang, Fang-Fei Wei, Piet Claus, Jan D’hooge, Jan A. Staessen and Tatiana Kuznetsova

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:15

    Content type: Research

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  16. Postnatal outcome of fetuses with isolated single umbilical artery (SUA) is determined mainly by right ventricular function. Our study examined whether there are differences in right ventricular function durin...

    Authors: Tian-gang Li, Fang Nie, Zhen-dong Li, Yan-fang Wang and Qi Li

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:14

    Content type: Research

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  17. Recent triple-blind sham procedure-controlled study revealed neutral effects of the cardiac shock wave therapy (CSWT) on exercise tolerance and symptoms in patients with stable angina. Current data about the e...

    Authors: Jelena Čelutkienė, Greta Burneikaitė, Evgeny Shkolnik, Gabrielius Jakutis, Donatas Vajauskas, Kamilė Čerlinskaitė, Gitana Zuozienė, Birutė Petrauskienė, Roma Puronaitė, Renata Komiagienė, Irena Butkuvienė, Rima Steponėnienė, Jonas Misiūra and Aleksandras Laucevičius

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:13

    Content type: Research

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  18. A new zero-fluoroscopy technique for electrophysiology catheter navigation relying on intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) has been recently reported (Ice&ICE trial). We investigated potential differences in ef...

    Authors: Blerim Luani, Thomas Rauwolf, Conrad Genz, Alexander Schmeißer, Marcus Wiemer and Rüdiger C. Braun-Dullaeus

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:12

    Content type: Research

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  19. Intraoperative or post procedure right ventricular (RV) dysfunction confers a poor prognosis in the post-operative period. Conventional predictors for RV function are limited due the effect of cardiac surgery ...

    Authors: Lisa Q. Rong, Brian Yum, Christiane Abouzeid, Maria Chiara Palumbo, Lillian R. Brouwer, Richard B. Devereux, Leonard N. Girardi, Jonathan W. Weinsaft, Mario Gaudino and Jiwon Kim

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:11

    Content type: Research

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  20. The association of a Classical left bundle branch block (LBBB) contraction pattern and better outcome after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has only been studied using vendor-specific software for echo...

    Authors: Kasper Emerek, Daniel J. Friedman, Peter L. Sørensen, Steen M. Hansen, Jacob M. Larsen, Niels Risum, Anna Margrethe Thøgersen, Claus Graff, Brett D. Atwater, Joseph Kisslo and Peter Søgaard

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:10

    Content type: Research

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  21. Two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) enables objective assessment of left atrial (LA) deformation through the analysis of myocardial strain, which can be measured by different speckle-tra...

    Authors: Yu Wang, Zhilian Li, Hongwen Fei, Yongsen Yu, Siqi Ren, Qiongwen Lin, Hezhi Li, Yongwen Tang, Yuezheng Hou and Mingqi Li

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:9

    Content type: Research

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  22. The etiology of TOF is complex and the genesis of TOF has been associated with environmental factors and genetic disorders, including chromosomal anomalies, aneuploidies, 22q11.2 deletion and single-gene disea...

    Authors: Ruan Peng, Ju Zheng, Hong-Ning Xie, Miao He and Mei-Fang Lin

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:8

    Content type: Research

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  23. Echocardiography is the most commonly applied technique for non-invasive assessment of cardiac function in small animals. Manual tracing of endocardial borders is time consuming and varies with operator experi...

    Authors: Jana Grune, Daniel Ritter, Kristin Kräker, Kathleen Pappritz, Niklas Beyhoff, Till Schütte, Christiane Ott, Cathleen John, Sophie van Linthout, Carsten Tschöpe, Ralf Dechend, Dominik N. Muller, Nadine Haase, Tilman Grune, Ulrich Kintscher and Wolfgang M. Kuebler

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:7

    Content type: How I do it article

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  24. The contractile response of patients with heart failure (HF) may be assessed by exercise stress echocardiography (ESE)-derived indexes. We sought to test whether ESE parameters are useful to identify the risk ...

    Authors: Iacopo Fabiani, Nicola Riccardo Pugliese, Claudia Santini, Mario Miccoli, Andreina D’Agostino, Ilaria Rovai, Matteo Mazzola, Roberto Pedrinelli and Frank Lloyd Dini

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:6

    Content type: Research

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  25. Three-dimensional color flow Doppler (3DCF) is a new convenient technique for cardiac output (CO) measurement. However, to date, no one has evaluated the accuracy of 3DCF echocardiography for CO measurement af...

    Authors: Guang-wei Hao, Yang Liu, Guo-guang Ma, Jun-yi Hou, Du-ming Zhu, Lan Liu, Ying Zhang, Hua Liu, Ya-min Zhuang, Zhe Luo, Guo-wei Tu, Xiao-mei Yang and Hai-yan Chen

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:5

    Content type: Research

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  26. Professor Xinfang Wang first introduced the clinical application of trans nose pharynx esophagus echocardiography (TNPEE) in 2014. Subsequently, we developed the technology. In the present study we assess the ...

    Authors: Xiaofeng Wang, Fang Nie, Na Ye, Xuehui Liu and Shaoqing Yang

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:4

    Content type: Research

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  27. Three-dimensional (3D) speckle tracking imaging (STI) allows the simultaneous assessment of left ventricular (LV) strain and volume. We aim to explore the value of LV strain–volume loops in predicting response...

    Authors: Mengruo Zhu, Haiyan Chen, Zibire Fulati, Yang Liu, Yangang Su and Xianhong Shu

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:3

    Content type: Research

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  28. Aortic dilatation is a major risk factor for aortic dissection. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between left ventricular (LV) geometry and maximal ascending aorta (MAA).

    Authors: Soo-Jin Kim, Tae-Ho Park, Young-Rak Cho, Kyungil Park, Jong-Sung Park, Moo Hyun Kim and Young-Dae Kim

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:2

    Content type: Research

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  29. The Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD, or simply Fabry Disease, FD; MIM #301500) is a rare X-linked lysosomal storage disorder (Xq22.1) characterized by progressive renal failure, leading to morbidity through cardio...

    Authors: Walter Serra and Nicola Marziliano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2019 17:1

    Content type: Review

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  30. This study aimed to assess the changes of RA function in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) using velocity vector imaging (VVI) and to evaluate the application of VVI technology.

    Authors: Junfang Li, Changhong Lu, Wugang Wang, Kun Gong, Liang Zhao and Zhibin Wang

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:32

    Content type: Research

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  31. In patients with left ventricular (LV) dysssynchrony, contraction that doesn’t fall into ejection period (LVEj) results in a waste of energy due to inappropriate contraction timing, which was now widely treate...

    Authors: Zibire Fulati, Yang Liu, Ning Sun, Yu Kang, Yangang Su, Haiyan Chen and Xianhong Shu

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:30

    Content type: Research

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  32. 2D strain imaging of the left atrium (LA) is a new echocardiographic method which allows us to determine contractile, conduit and reservoir functions separately. This method is particularly useful when changes...

    Authors: Jonas Jarasunas, Audrius Aidietis and Sigita Aidietiene

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:29

    Content type: Research

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  33. Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) is the most common cyanotic congenital heart disease and the population of ToF repair survivors is growing rapidly. Adults with repaired ToF develop late complications. The aim of thi...

    Authors: Natalia Dłużniewska, Piotr Podolec, Maciej Skubera, Monika Smaś-Suska, Jacek Pająk, Małgorzata Urbańczyk-Zawadzka, Wojciech Płazak, Maria Olszowska and Lidia Tomkiewicz-Pająk

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:28

    Content type: Research

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  34. Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) is a new therapeutic option for high surgical risk patients with mitral regurgitation (MR). Mitral valve (MV) geometry quantification is of paramount importance fo...

    Authors: Patrizia Aruta, Denisa Muraru, Andrada Camelia Guta, Sorina Mihaila, Niccolò Ruozi, Chiara Palermo, Basma Elnagar, Sabino Iliceto and Luigi P. Badano

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:27

    Content type: Research

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  35. Relationship between carotid and coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients undergoing invasive and non-invasive test is unclear. The aim of the study is to evaluate whether carotid disease is associated with C...

    Authors: Raúl Franco-Gutiérrez, Alberto José Pérez-Pérez, Virginia Franco-Gutiérrez, Ana María Testa-Fernández, Rafael Carlos Vidal-Pérez, Manuel Lorenzo López-Reboiro, Víctor Manuel Puebla-Rojo, Melisa Santás-Álvarez, María Generosa Crespo-Leiro and Carlos González-Juanatey

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:26

    Content type: Research

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  36. Some patients with congestive heart failure have greater improvement of cardiac remodelling after cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) and they are identified as super-responders (SRs). It remains unclear i...

    Authors: V. A. Kuznetsov, A. M. Soldatova, J. D. Kasprzak, D. V. Krinochkin and N. N. Melnikov

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:24

    Content type: Research

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  37. Conventional echocardiography is not sensitive enough to assess left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients. This research attempts to find a new ultrasonic technology to be...

    Authors: Xin Huang, Yan Yue, Yinmeng Wang, Yujiao Deng, Lu Liu, Yanqi Di, Shasha Sun, Deyou Chen, Li Fan and Jian Cao

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:23

    Content type: Research

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  38. The detection of regional wall motion abnormalities is the cornerstone of stress echocardiography. Today, stress echo shows increasing trends of utilization due to growing concerns for radiation risk, higher c...

    Authors: Eugenio Picano, Quirino Ciampi, Karina Wierzbowska-Drabik, Mădălina-Loredana Urluescu, Doralisa Morrone and Clara Carpeggiani

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:22

    Content type: Review

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  39. Non-invasive imaging tests are widely used in the evaluation of stable angina pectoris (SAP). Despite these tests, non-significant coronary lesions are not a rare finding in patients undergoing elective corona...

    Authors: Mustafa Adem Yılmaztepe and Fatih Mehmet Uçar

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:25

    Content type: Research

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  40. Interactions between the left ventricular (LV) and the arterial system, (ventricular-arterial coupling) are key determinants of cardiovascular function. However, most of studies covered multiple cardiovascular...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Philip J. Chowienczyk, Tim D. Spector and Benyu Jiang

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:21

    Content type: Research

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  41. The effectiveness trial “Stress echo (SE) 2020” evaluates novel applications of SE in and beyond coronary artery disease. The core protocol also includes 4-site simplified scan of B-lines by lung ultrasound, u...

    Authors: Maria Chiara Scali, Quirino Ciampi, Eugenio Picano, Eduardo Bossone, Francesco Ferrara, Rodolfo Citro, Paolo Colonna, Marco Fabio Costantino, Lauro Cortigiani, Antonello D’. Andrea, Sergio Severino, Claudio Dodi, Nicola Gaibazzi, Maurizio Galderisi, Andrea Barbieri, Ines Monte…

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:20

    Content type: Research

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  42. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia worldwide. Nowadays, AF ablation is a valuable treatment option. It has been shown that the left atrium (LA) diameter is a predictor of AF recurrence afte...

    Authors: Andreea Motoc, Juan-Pablo Abugattas, Bram Roosens, Esther Scheirlynck, Benedicte Heyndrickx, Carlo de Asmundis, Gian-Battista Chierchia, Steven Droogmans and Bernard Cosyns

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:19

    Content type: Research

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  43. Advanced atrial fibrillation (AF) patients have persistent AF, failed previous catheter ablation and/or an enlarged left atrium (LA), which is associated with a reduced success of AF ablation. Transthoracic ec...

    Authors: Nicoline W. E. van den Berg, Dean R. P. P. Chan Pin Yin, Wouter R. Berger, Jolien Neefs, Rianne H. A. C. M. De Bruin-Bon, Henk A. Marquering, Annelie Slaar, R. Nils Planken and Joris R. de Groot

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:17

    Content type: Research

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  44. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) results from the combined action of longitudinal and circumferential contraction, radial thickening, and basal and apical rotation. The study of these parameters toget...

    Authors: Vicente Mora, Ildefonso Roldán, Elena Romero, Diana Romero, Javier Bertolín, Natalia Ugalde, Carmen Pérez-Olivares, Melisa Rodriguez-Israel, Jana Pérez-Gozalbo and Jorge A. Lowenstein

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:16

    Content type: Research

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  45. Transcranial Doppler ultrasound remains the only imaging modality that is capable of real-time measurements of blood flow velocity and microembolic signals in the cerebral circulation. We here assessed the rep...

    Authors: Jakub Kaczynski, Rachel Home, Karen Shields, Matthew Walters, William Whiteley, Joanna Wardlaw and David E. Newby

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:15

    Content type: Research

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  46. The purpose of this study was to determine the ideal timing for providers to perform point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) with the least increase in workload.

    Authors: Courtney E. Bennett, Sandhya Samavedam, Namita Jayaprakash, Alexander Kogan, Ognjen Gajic and Hiroshi Sekiguchi

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:14

    Content type: Research

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  47. Atrial fibrillation (AF) can result in atrial functional mitral regurgitation (MR), but the mechanism remains controversial. Few data about the relationship between the 3-dimensional morphology of the MV and t...

    Authors: Tao Cong, Jinping Gu, Alex Pui-Wai Lee, Zhijuan Shang, Yinghui Sun, Qiaobing Sun, Hong Wei, Na Chen, Siyao Sun and Tingting Fu

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:13

    Content type: Research

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  48. The tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is commonly recommended for estimating the right ventricular systolic function. The central venous pressure (CVP), which is determined by venous return an...

    Authors: Hongmin Zhang, Xiaoting Wang, Xiukai Chen, Qing Zhang and Dawei Liu

    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2018 16:11

    Content type: Research

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