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  1. This study aimed to examine the clinical value of high-definition (HD) flow render mode and spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) to diagnose anomalous left brachiocephalic vein (LBCV) courses in fetuses.

    Authors: Tian-gang Li, Bin Ma and Ping-an Qi
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2022 20:15
  2. PRKAG2 syndrome is a rare disease characterized as left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), ventricular preexcitation syndrome, and sudden cardiac death. Its natural course, treatment, and prognosis were significan...

    Authors: Lu Tang, Xuejie Li, Nianwei Zhou, Yingying Jiang, Cuizhen Pan and Xianhong Shu
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2022 20:14
  3. Three dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3D STE) is a novel technique combining 3D echocardiography and speckle tracking analysis. 3D STE software dedicated to the left atrium (LA) was recently ava...

    Authors: Lilian Bao, Lei Cheng, Xiufang Gao, Fangying Yan, Huihua Fan, Ying Shan, Yong Li, Haiming Shi, Guoqian Huang and Liwen Bao
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2022 20:13
  4. Echo-Particle Image Velocimetry (echoPIV) tracks speckle patterns from ultrasound contrast agent(UCA), being less angle-sensitive than colour Doppler. High frame rate (HFR) echoPIV enables tracking of high veloc...

    Authors: Mihai Strachinaru, Jason Voorneveld, Lana B. H. Keijzer, Daniel J. Bowen, Ferit O. Mutluer, Folkert ten Cate, Nico de Jong, Hendrik J. Vos, Johan G. Bosch and Annemien E. van den Bosch
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2022 20:11
  5. The aim of this study was to detect possible differences in reversible cardiac remodeling occurring in sport training and twin pregnancy. Background: cardiac remodeling occurs in athletes and pregnant women du...

    Authors: Loira Toncelli, Lucia Pasquini, Giulia Masini, Melissa Orlandi, Gabriele Paci, Federico Mecacci, Gianni Pedrizzetti and Giorgio Galanti
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2022 20:10
  6. Immune-inflammatory myocardial disease contributes to multiple chronic cardiac processes, but access to non-invasive screening is limited. We have previously developed a method of echocardiographic texture ana...

    Authors: Alan C. Kwan, Gerran Salto, Trevor-Trung Nguyen, Elizabeth H. Kim, Eric Luong, Pranoti Hiremath, David Ouyang, Joseph E. Ebinger, Debiao Li, Daniel S. Berman, Michelle M. Kittleson, Jon A. Kobashigawa, Jignesh K. Patel and Susan Cheng
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2022 20:9
  7. In order to assess left atrial contractile function in disturbed circulatory conditions, it is necessary to have a clear understanding of how it behaves in a normal resting state with changes in loading condit...

    Authors: Peter Gottfridsson, Roman A’Roch, Per Lindqvist, Lucy Law, Tomi Myrberg, Magnus Hultin, Alexander A’Roch and Michael Haney
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2022 20:8

    The Correction to this article has been published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2022 20:12

  8. Septic shock is a severe form of sepsis marked by hypotension with an ominous outcome despite the introduction of modern intensive care. The aim of the present study is to obtain a panel with biomarkers, echoc...

    Authors: Oriana E. Belli, Jonica Campolo, Paola Vallerio, Francesco Musca, Antonella Moreo, Alessandro Maloberti, Marina Parolini, Luca Bonacchini, Gianpaola Monti, Andrea De Gasperi, Roberto Fumagalli and Cristina Giannattasio
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2022 20:6
  9. Renal transplantation (RT) has been demonstrated to improve left ventricular systolic function. However, only few studies have attempted to reveal the effects of transplantation on left atrial (LA) function. I...

    Authors: Ufuk Yildirim, Murat Akcay, Metin Coksevim, Ercan Turkmen and Okan Gulel
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2022 20:5
  10. Three-dimensional (3D) speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) can overcome some of the inherent limitations of two-dimensional (2D) STE; however, clinical experience is lacking. We aimed to assess and compare...

    Authors: Doaa Aly, Nitin Madan, Laura Kuzava, Alison Samrany and Anitha Parthiban
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2022 20:3
  11. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between echocardiography results and lung ultrasound score (LUS) in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia patients and evaluate the impact of the combin...

    Authors: Jing Han, Xi Yang, Wei Xu, Ronghua Jin, Weiyuan Liu, Lei Ding, Sha Meng, Yuan Zhang, Jin Li, Ying Zheng, Haowen Li and Fankun Meng
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2022 20:2
  12. Progressive cardiac fibrosis is the central aspect of the myocardial involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc). We hypothesized that circulating biomarkers of the cardiac fibrosis may be useful in the early diag...

    Authors: Vivien Vértes, Adél Porpáczy, Ágnes Nógrádi, Margit Tőkés-Füzesi, Máté Hajdu, László Czirják, András Komócsi and Réka Faludi
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2022 20:1
  13. Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy is a myocardial disorder characterized by ventricular arrhythmias, right and/or left ventricular involvement, and fibrofatty infiltrations in the myocardium. We report a family di...

    Authors: Changsheng Ma, Jiali Fan, Bingyuan Zhou, Caiming Zhao, Xin Zhao, Bo Su, Yuzhu Miao, Yuping Liao and Li Wang
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:40
  14. The study objective is to evaluate the effeteness of an existing educational platform blending didactic presentation and hands-on simulation for university doctoral SRNAs in the area of basic, 4 view identific...

    Authors: Jonathan Kline, Mary Golinski, Brian Selai, Jeremy Horsch and Katie Hornbaker
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:39
  15. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate current inter-modality agreement of noninvasive clinical intraventricular flow (IVF) assessment with 3 emerging imaging modalities: echocardiographic particle ...

    Authors: Ferit Onur Mutluer, Nikki van der Velde, Jason Voorneveld, Johan G. Bosch, Jolien W. Roos-Hesselink, Rob J. van der Geest, Alexander Hirsch and Annemien van den Bosch
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:38
  16. The effect of right ventricular (RV) leads on tricuspid valve has been already raised concerns, especially in terms of prognostic implication. For such assessment, three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiogra...

    Authors: Hoorak Poorzand, Mohammad Tayyebi, Sara Hosseini, Alireza Heidari Bakavoli, Faeze Keihanian, Lida Jarahi and Ali Hamadanchi
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:37
  17. Elite athletes have been the subject of great interest, but athletes at an intermediate level of physical activity have received less attention in respect to the presence of cardiac enlargement and/or hypertro...

    Authors: Jan E. Engvall, Meriam Åström Aneq, Eva Nylander, Lars Brudin and Eva Maret
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:36
  18. We aimed to study the predictive value of early two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) speckle tracking (ST) for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) changes during trastuzumab treatment for HER2-positive...

    Authors: Nathalie I. Bouwer, Crista Liesting, Marcel J. M. Kofflard, Jasper J. Brugts, Marc C. J. Kock, Jos J. E. M. Kitzen, Mark-David Levin and Eric Boersma
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:35
  19. Information is lacking concerning in-hospital echocardiography analysis of COVID-19 infection in Brazil. We evaluated echocardiographic parameters to predict a composite endpoint of mortality, pulmonary thromb...

    Authors: Marcelo Luiz Campos Vieira, Tania Regina Afonso, Alessandra Joslin Oliveira, Carolina Stangenhaus, Juliana Cardoso Dória Dantas, Lucas Arraes de França, Edgar Daminelo, Adriana Cordovil, Lara A. S. Martins, Rodrigo A. C. Meirelles, Rafael B. Piveta, Sérgio Barros-Gomes, Miguel O. D. Aguiar, Patrícia O. Roveri, Wércules A. Oliveira, Alessandro C. Lianza…
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:34
  20. Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is common among patients with left heart disease and may recur during the follow-up period after selective tricuspid valve annuloplasty (TVA). This study aims to analyse...

    Authors: Qing-long Meng, Hong Meng, Jia Tao, Shu Yang and Hao Wang
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:33
  21. The 2016 guidelines of the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) and European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) for evaluation of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction by Doppler flow an...

    Authors: Hatice Akay Caglayan, Didrik Kjønås, Siri Malm, Henrik Schirmer and Assami Rösner
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:32
  22. Cardiovascular complications of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) are known to be associated with poor outcome. A small number of case series and reports have described cases...

    Authors: Oriana Belli, Maddalena Ardissino, Maurizio Bottiroli, Francesco Soriano, Calogero Blanda, Jacopo Oreglia, Michele Mondino and Antonella Moreo
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:31
  23. Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) mimics left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). It is treatable, but its prognosis is poor. A simple screening tool for CA would be valuable. CA is more precisely diagnosed with echocardiog...

    Authors: Yasuhisa Nakao, Makoto Saito, Katsuji Inoue, Rieko Higaki, Yuki Yokomoto, Akiyoshi Ogimoto, Moeko Suzuki, Hideo Kawakami, Go Hiasa, Hideki Okayama, Shuntaro Ikeda and Osamu Yamaguchi
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:30
  24. Data about the right ventricular (RV) mechanics adaptation to volume overload in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rToF) are limited. Accordingly, we sought to assess the mechanics of the functional ...

    Authors: Jurate Bidviene, Denisa Muraru, Attila Kovacs, Bálint Lakatos, Egle Ereminiene, Csilla Liptai, Jolanta-Justina Vaskelyte, Remigijus Zaliunas, Elena Surkova and Luigi P. Badano
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:28
  25. Two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) may help detect coronary artery disease (CAD) when combined with dobutamine stress echocardiography. However, few studies have explored STE with exercise...

    Authors: Marc-André d’Entremont, Gabriel Fortin, Thao Huynh, Étienne Croteau, Paul Farand, Samuel Lemaire-Paquette, Marie-Claude Brochu, Doan Hoa Do, Serge Lepage, Warner Mbuila Mampuya, Étienne L. Couture, Michel Nguyen and Btissama Essadiqi
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:27
  26. Essential hypertension in adults may begin in childhood. The damages to the heart and blood vessels in children with essential hypertension are hidden and difficult to detect. We noninvasively examined changes...

    Authors: Wei Liu, Cui Hou, Miao Hou, Qiu-Qin Xu, Hui Wang, Pei-Pei Gu, Ling Sun, Hai-Tao Lv and Yue-Yue Ding
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:26
  27. Due to metabolic changes in the second trimester and the increasing number of pregnant women with obesity and advanced maternal age, the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) remains high. This stud...

    Authors: Dong Wang, Caixia Liu, Xinyu Liu, Ying Zhang and Yu Wang
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:25
  28. The novel noninvasive pressure-strain loop (PSL) is a reliable tool that reflects myocardial work (MW). Systolic blood pressure (SBP) is the only independent factor for MW indices. However, afterload-related r...

    Authors: Qiancheng Li, Hui Wang, Haiyan Feng, Tingfan Wu, Ying Yang, Dongmei Gao and Lina Sun
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:24
  29. In patients with repaired Fallot, subsequent surgical or interventional procedures and adverse cardiac events are frequent. We aimed to evaluate the impact of a simple pre-operative anatomic classification bas...

    Authors: Antonio Ravaglioli, Lamia Ait-Ali, Duccio Federici, Stefano Salvadori, Arketa Pllumi, Vitali Pak, Chiara Marrone, Alessandra Pizzuto, Philipp Bonhoeffer and Pierluigi Festa
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:23
  30. Left atrial (LA) function can be impaired by the atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation and might be associated with the risk of recurrence. We sought to determine whether the post-procedural changes in LA function...

    Authors: Songnan Wen, Manasawee Indrabhinduwat, Peter A. Brady, Cristina Pislaru, Fletcher A. Miller, Naser M. Ammash, Vuyisile T. Nkomo, Ratnasari Padang, Sorin V. Pislaru and Grace Lin
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:22
  31. Risk stratification in patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NI-DCM) is essential to treatment planning. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) predicts poor prognosis in various cardiac diseases, but i...

    Authors: Ieva Kažukauskienė, Giedrė Balčiūnaitė, Vaida Baltrūnienė, Jelena Čelutkienė, Vytė Valerija Maneikienė, Sigitas Čibiras, Kęstutis Ručinskas and Virginija Grabauskienė
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:21
  32. The purpose of this study were to identify the usefulness of screening for PFO using agitated saline echocardiography (ASE) and characteristics and prognosis of patients with suggestive of patent foramen ovale...

    Authors: Jaehuk Choi, Min-Kyung Kang, Jin-Sun Jun, Dong Geum Shin, Donghoon Han, Seonghoon Choi, Jung Rae Cho and Namho Lee
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:20
  33. Focused cardiac ultrasound (FOCUS) can aid in evaluation and management of patients with cardiac arrest, but image quality in this population has been questioned. Our goal was to determine how often adequate i...

    Authors: Jessica R. Balderston, Alan X. You, David P. Evans, Lindsay A. Taylor and Zachary M. Gertz
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:19
  34. We sought to explore the relationship between an index of left ventricular diastolic function parameters combined with left atrial strain and the diastolic function of patients with preserved ejection fraction.

    Authors: You Zhou, Cai-Ming Zhao, Zhen-Ya Shen, Xin Zhao and Bing-Yuan Zhou
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:17
  35. Studies on the management of functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) during mitral valve operations have drawn inconsistent conclusions. This study was designed to compare the treatment strategy of concomitant...

    Authors: Yue Zhong, Wenjuan Bai, Hui Wang, Hong Qian and Li Rao
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:16
  36. Our study aimed to determine whether layer-specific strain (LSS) could reflect regional myocardial impairment in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The study enrolled 50 patients with HCM and 30 ...

    Authors: Zhongxiu Chen, Chunmei Li, Yajiao Li, Li Rao, Xiaoling Zhang, Dan Long and Chen Li
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:15
  37. The impact of volume overload due to aortic regurgitation (AR) on systolic and diastolic left ventricular (LV) indices and left atrial remodeling is unclear. We assessed the structural and functional effects o...

    Authors: Jonas Jenner, Ali Ilami, Johan Petrini, Per Eriksson, Anders Franco-Cereceda, Maria J. Eriksson and Kenneth Caidahl
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:14
  38. Whether the in vitro fertilization (IVF) has an effect on the cardiac function of the fetus is very important to evaluate the safety of the technique. The aim of this paper is to establish normal reference ran...

    Authors: Shaoqi Chen, Zemin Zhuang, Qingzi Chen, Xiya Du, Weiping Li and Xuerui Tan
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:13
  39. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Cecilia Beatriz Bittencourt Viana Cruz, Ludhmila A. Hajjar, Fernando Bacal, Marco S. Lofrano-Alves, Márcio S. M. Lima, Maria C. Abduch, Marcelo Luiz Campos Vieira, Hsu P. Chiang, Juliana B. C. Salviano, Isabela Bispo Santos da Silva Costa, Julia Tizue Fukushima, Joao C. N. Sbano, Wilson Mathias Jr and Jeane M. Tsutsui
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:12

    The original article was published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:6

  40. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility using real-time four-dimensional (RT 4D) volume imaging with electronic matrix probe to observe the morphology of atrioventricular valves in normal and ...

    Authors: Huiyu Tang, Wei Sun, Xue Sun, Yu Wang, Yu Qi, Dong Wang and Ying Zhang
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:11
  41. This study was a quality-control study of resting and exercise Doppler echocardiography (EDE) variables measured by 19 echocardiography laboratories with proven experience participating in the RIGHT Heart Inte...

    Authors: Francesco Ferrara, Luna Gargani, Carla Contaldi, Gergely Agoston, Paola Argiento, William F. Armstrong, Francesco Bandera, Filippo Cademartiri, Rodolfo Citro, Antonio Cittadini, Rosangela Cocchia, Michele D’Alto, Antonello D’Andrea, Philipp Douschan, Stefano Ghio, Ekkehard Grünig…
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:9
  42. Left atrial (LA) and left atrial appendage (LAA) dysfunction has been demonstrated to contribute to atrial fibrillation (AF)-related stroke. However, usefulness of LA and LAA mechanics has not been fully compa...

    Authors: Yankai Mao, Chan Yu, Yuan Yang, Mingming Ma, Yunhe Wang, Ruhong Jiang, Ran Chen, Bowen Zhao and Chenyang Jiang
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:7
  43. Acute cellular rejection (ACR) is a major complication after heart transplantation. Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) remains the gold standard for its diagnosis, but it has concerning complications. We evaluated th...

    Authors: Cecilia Beatriz Bittencourt Viana Cruz, Ludhmila A. Hajjar, Fernando Bacal, Marco S. Lofrano-Alves, Márcio S. M. Lima, Maria C. Abduch, Marcelo L. C. Vieira, Hsu P. Chiang, Juliana B. C. Salviano, Isabela Bispo Santos da Silva Costa, Julia Tizue Fukushima, Joao C. N. Sbano, Wilson Mathias Jr and Jeane M. Tsutsui
    Citation: Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:6

    The Correction to this article has been published in Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2021 19:12