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Table 2 Echocardiograpic findings

From: Atrial fibrillation in aortic stenosis - echocardiographic assessment and prognostic importance

  CONTROLS CASES P-value
Aortic stenosis & sinus rhythm Aortic stenosis & atrialfibrillation
Median (IQR) Median (IQR)
Left ventricle
LVEF (%) 49 (41–56) 42 (33–51) <0.001
LVEDV (ml) 112 (91–144) 119 (87–148) 0.86
LVESV (ml) 58 (40–75) 67 (43–91) 0.15
Stroke volume (ml) 55 (44–68) 47 (40–57) 0.004
Cardiac output (l) 3.8 (3.0–4.7) 4.0 (3.3–4.8) 0.29
Cardiac index (l/m2) 2.1 (1.6–2.5) 2.1 (1.7–2.5) 0.63
LVM (g) 159 (125–208) 172 (133–228) 0.08
LVMI (g/m2) 87 (71–109) 94 (77–119) 0.17
Left atrial dimensions and volumes
LAV (ml) 82 (68–101) 92 (80–126) 0.006
LAV index (ml/m2) 46 (38–54) 48 (40–59) 0.11
LAD (cm) 3.9 (3.5–4.4) 4.7 (4.2–5.3) <0.001
Aortic valve velocities
AV jet velocity (m/s) 4.0 (3.3–4.6) 3.3 (2.8–4.1) 0.004
AV peak gradient (mmHg) 59 (39–79) 41 (28–64) <0.001
AV mean gradient (mmHg) 33 (21–43) 22 (15–38) 0.001
AVA (cm2) 0.88 (0.70–1.10) 0.85 (0.65–1.07) 0.38
Mitral inflow and diastolic measures
E (m/s) 0.77 (0.64–0.96) 1.04 (0.87–1.25) <0.001
DT (ms) 203 (148–267) 149 (123–189) <0.001
IVRT (ms) 98 (80–106) 77 (65–94) <0.001
e’ (lateral mitral annulus) (cm/s) 0.05 (0.04–0.07) 0.09 (0.08–0.12) <0.001
E/e’ 14.2 (10.9–19.0) 11.1 (8.07–15.7) <0.001
Pulmonary pressure measurements
TRmax (mmHg) 29 (24–35) 32 (26–39) 0.047
RA pressure (mmHg) 3 (3–3) 3 (3–8) 0.003
SPAP (mmHg) 32 (26–41) 36 (29–46) 0.028
  1. AV Aortic valve, AVA Aortic valve area, DT = Mitral valve decerleration time, E = Mitral valve peak early diastolic inflow, e’ = Peak early diastolic velocity by pulsed tissue doppler, IQR Interquartile range, IVRT Isovolumetric relaxation time, LAD Left atrial diameter, LAV Left atrial end-systolic volume, LVEDV Left ventricular end-diastolic volume, LVEF Left ventricular ejection fraction, LVESV Left ventricular end-systolic volume, LVM Left ventricular mass, LVMI Left ventricular mass index, n numbers, RA pressure Estimated right atrial pressure, SPAP Estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure, TRmax Tricuspid valve regurgitant peak gradient.