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Table 2 Echocardiographic parameters in patients with aortic stenosis

From: Assessment of left ventricle function in aortic stenosis: mitral annular plane systolic excursion is not inferior to speckle tracking echocardiography derived global longitudinal peak strain

  Total group (n=82) Severe aortic stenosis (n=55) Moderate aortic stenosis (n=27) p-value*
Ejection fraction -EF (%) 63 ± 7 63.5 ± 7.2 61.7 ± 6.5 0.272
Left ventricle end-diastolic volume index (ml/m²) 65.6 ± 23.8 62 ± 23.1 72.8 ± 23.9 0.053
Left ventricle end-systolic volume index (ml/m²) 26.6 (17.2-38.1) 23.5 (15.5-31.4) 33.4 ± 13 0.007
Left ventricle mass index (g/m²) 161 ± 47.8 165.7 ± 45.9 151.5 ± 50.8 0.215
Left atrial volume index (ml/m²) 38 ± 14.5 39 ± 15.3 35.9 ± 12.7 0.369
Peak aortic gradient (mmHg) 66.5 (52-96) 80 (65-111) 48 ± 16 <0.001
Mean aortic gradient (mmHg) 43 (33-57) 50 (42-71) 28 ± 11 <0.001
Aortic valve area- AVA (cm²) 0.85 (0.65-1.14) 0.72 ± 0.18 1.3 ± 0.2 <0.001
Aortic valve area index- AVAI (cm²/m²) 0.45 (0.36-0.62) 0.39 (0.32-0.45) 0.67 (0.62-0.76) <0.001
Global longitudinal peak strain - GLPS (-%) 14.73 ± 3.62 14.17 ± 3.59 15.87 ± 3.47 0.045
Mitral annular plain systolic excursion - MAPSE (mm) 11 ± 2 10.64 ± 1.95 11.76 ± 1.9 0.016
MAPSE index (mm/m²) 6 ± 1.1 5.79 ± 1.01 6.39 ± 1.2 0.02
E/E’ ratio 9.8 (7-14.4) 10.6 (7.1-14.3) 8.7 (6.9-14.5) 0.386
Early diastolic mitral annular velocity- E’ (cm/s) 6 (5-9) 6.6 ± 2.5 7.7 ± 3.1 0.1
  1. *between severe and moderate AS.