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Table 4 General characteristics and standard echocardiographic parameters in patients with and without cardiovascular events during follow-up

From: Role of 2D strain in the early identification of left ventricular dysfunction and in the risk stratification of systemic sclerosis patients

  Events (n=12) No events (n=14) p
Age, yrs 60±2 63±4 ns
SBP, (mmHg) 128±9 124±12 ns
DBP, (mmHg) 76±10 73±8 ns
Diabetes, n (%) 2 (16) 1 (7) ns
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 4 (33) 6 (50) ns
Smoking, n (%) 1 (8) 1 (7) ns
Scl-70 antibodies, n (%) 10 (83) 4 (28) 0.03
Serum levels of Scl-70 antibodies, U/ml 83.9±57.6 17.1±41.7 0.047
LV EDV, ml 85±7 82±6 ns
LV ESV, ml 34±3 30±4 ns
LV EF, % 62±3 65±2 ns
LV Mass, (g/m2) 72.6±4.3 68.4±3.9 ns
Mitral E peak velocity, (cm/s) 63.2±8.5 59.5±9.4 ns
Mitral A peak velocity, (cm/s) 62.1±6.7 67.9±9.2 ns
Mitral E/A ratio 1.0±0.1 0.8±0.2 ns
Mitral E deceleration time, (ms) 176.4±12 182.7±18 ns
RVOT Prox, mm 30.9±2.9 30.1±2.8 ns
RVD1, mm 33.7±2.6 32.9±2.4 ns
TAPSE, mm 20.9±3.1 21.8±2.8 ns
RV FAC, % 46.3±5.8 47.1±5.4 ns
sPAP, (mmHg) 38.5±3 36.4±7 ns
  1. SBP and DBP: systolic and diastolic blood pressure, respectively. LV: left ventricular; EDV and ESV: end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes, respectively; EF: ejection fraction; RVOT prox: right ventricular outflow tract proximal diameter; RVD1: right ventricular inflow diameter at basal level; TAPSE: tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion; FAC: fractional area change; sPAP: systolic pulmonary arterial pressure.