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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the HyperGEN study sample

From: Diastolic wall strain: a simple marker of abnormal cardiac mechanics

Characteristic All HyperGEN participants (N = 1907)
Age, y 51 ± 14
Female, n (%) 1129 (59)
Ethnicity, n (%)  
White 1032 (54)
African-American 867 (45)
Other 7 (1)
Recruiting center, n (%)  
Birmingham, Alabama 531 (28)
Minneapolis, Minnesota 376 (20)
Forsyth County, North Carolina 537 (28)
Salt Lake City, Utah 463 (24)
Comorbidities, n (%)  
Hypertension 1085 (57)
Obesity 897 (47)
Diabetes mellitus 314 (16)
Chronic kidney disease 158 (8)
Myocardial infarction 83 (4)
Transient ischemic attack or stroke 77 (4)
Medications, n (%)  
Anti-hypertensive medication 950 (50)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor 381 (20)
Angiotensin receptor blocker 51 (3)
Alpha blocker 145 (8)
Beta-blocker 245 (13)
Calcium channel blocker 417 (22)
Loop diuretic 108 (6)
Thiazide diuretic 244 (13)
Oral hypoglycemic 195 (10)
Insulin 69 (4)
Lipid lowering medication 163 (9)
Statin 144 (8)
Physical examination:  
Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg 126 ± 20
Diastolic blood pressure, mm Hg 72 ± 11
Body mass index, kg/m2 31 ± 7
Waist circumference, cm 102 ± 16
Laboratory data:  
Sodium, mEq/L 142 ± 2
Creatinine, mg/dl 0.97 ± 0.28
Estimated glomerular filtration rate, ml/min/1.73 m2 85 ± 20
Fasting glucose, mg/dl 105 ± 43
Total serum cholesterol, mg/dl 197 ± 39
High density lipoprotein, mg/dl 51 ± 15
Low density lipoprotein, mg/dl 119 ± 34