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Table 1 Summary of patient demographics 1

From: Shear wave elastography imaging of carotid plaques: feasible, reproducible and of clinical potential

Risk factor Atherosclerosis (>30%) No atherosclerosis/atherosclerosis (<30%) p- value
Number (n) 47 34 -
Gender (male: female) 29:18 22:12 -
Age 76 ± 11 [52–99] 67 ± 12 [30–86] 0.002*
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 27.0 ± 4.1 [20.9–35.7] 27.7 ± 4.3 [21.1–40.8] 0.61
Diagnosis (n) Vascular 34 [72%] 16 [47%] 0.0363*
Non- vascular 13 [28%] 18 [53%]
Smoking (n) Current 21 [44%] 9 [26%] 0.0006*
Ex- smoker 13 [28%] 2 [6%]
Never 13 [28%] 23 [68%]
ABCD 2 score 3 ± 2 [1–7] 3 ± 2 [0–6] 0.48
Hypertension (n) 31 [66%] 18 [53%] 0.64
Hypercholesterolaemia (n) 22 [47%] 16 [47%] 1.00
Diabetes mellitus (n) 13 [28%] 9 [26%] 0.45
IHD/ PVD (n) 11 [23%] 5 [15%] 0.41
Family history (n) 13 [28%] 7 [21%] 0.29
Atrial fibrillation (n) 7 [15%] 2 [6%] 0.60
Previous TIA/stroke (n) 21 [45%] 8 [24%] 0.06
  1. 1Values are given as the mean ± SD, [range]. BMI: Body Mass Index; IHD: Ischaemic Heart Disease; PVD: Peripheral Vascular Disease; TIA: Transient Monocular Blindness. The percentage of patients is also given. Statistically significant p-value (<0.05) is indicated by *.