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Table 2 Echocardiographic findings. Mean ± SD

From: Myocardial tissue Doppler echocardiography and N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in diastolic and systolic heart failure

  Normal Diastolic dysfunction Systolic dysfunction P (compared to normal)
LVEF (%) 59.5 (± 2.2) 59.1 (± 1.9) 31.5 (± 9.9) 0.99/< 0.0001
Fractional shortening (%) 0.38 (± 0.1) 0.39 (± 0.1) 0.16 (± 0.1) 0.58/< 0.0001
LVEDD (mm) 46.1 (± 4.2) 46.8 (± 5.5) 64.5 (± 12.2) 0.91/< 0.0001
LVESD (mm) 28.6 (± 5.9) 46.4 (± 5.7) 52.1 (± 15.0) 0.99/< 0.0001
PAP (mmHg) 26.1 (± 11.4) 27.0 (± 5.8) 38.4 (± 13.2) 0.94/0.0015
Septum (mm) 10.3 (± 1.9) 12.0 (± 2.8) 11.5 (± 2.0) 0.02/0.0007
Posterior wall (mm) 10.2 (± 1.7) 11.7 (± 1.8) 11.7 (± 1.5) 0.001/< 0.0001
E/A transmitral 1.5 (± 0.5) 0.9 (± 0.2) 1.3 (± 0.8) < 0.0001/0.36
Left ventricular mass [mg] 195.4 (± 59.5) 236.1 (± 58.3) 436.7 (175.9) 0.19/< 0.0001
LVMI 104.1 (± 26.6) 126.0 (± 28.7) 222.6 (± 84.8) 0.14/< 0.0001
Strain septal (%) -24.8 (± 8.1) -18.5 (± 5.3) -16.1 (± 7.0) < 0.0001/< 0.0001
Strain left lateral (%) -21.9 (± 11.4) -17.6 (± 6.0) -14.1 (± 8.3) 0.04/< 0.0001
septal longitudinal displacement (mm) 12.9 (± 3.0) 11.8 (± 2.1) 6.7 (± 3.9) 0.19/< 0.0001
lateral longitudinal displacement (mm) 12.1 (± 3.4) 10.9 (± 2.9) 7.4 (± 4.0) 0.20/<0.0001
TVI velocity E septal (m/s) 0.09 (± 0.02) 0.05 (± 0.01) 0.04 (± 0.02) < 0.0001/< 0.0001
TVI velocity A septal (m/s) 0.06 (± 0.02) 0.08 (± 0.02) 0.06 (± 0.08) 0.26/0.98
TVI velocity S septal (m/s) 0.06 (± 0.01) 0.06 (± 0.01) 0.04 (± 0.01) 0.14/< 0.0001
E/E' 9.14 (± 4.62) 11.44 (± 3.14) 20.56 (± 15.08) 0.44/<0.0001
E'/A' 1.94 (± 1.17) 0.88 (± 0.60) 1.35 (± 0.92) < 0.0001/0.01