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Table 1 Demographic, clinical, metabolic and ultrasonographic characteristics of HIV-1-infected patients

From: Comparison of intima-media thickness and ophthalmic artery resistance index for assessing subclinical atherosclerosis in HIV-1-infected patients

Variable Estimate
Age (years) 45.2 ± 8.6
Sex (M/F) 74/21
Current smoker 50 (52.6%)
Systolic pressure (mmHg) 121 ± 15
HIV exposure  
Homosexual 32 (33.6%)
Heterosexual 34 (35.7%)
IDU 28 (29.47%)
HCV co-infection 25 (26%)
CD4 count (cells/ml) 525.7 ± 249.7
CD4 percentage (%) 27.5 ± 10.7
CD4 nadir count (cells/ml) 208.8 ± 120
CD4 nadir percentage (%) 17.6 ± 7.9
HIVRNA load (log10 copies) 1.5 ± 0.8
Duration of HIV infection (years) 10.3 ± 7.8
Duration of HAART (months) 76.8 ± 46.2
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 179.9 ± 46.1
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 45.8 ± 12.9
Glucose (mg/dl) 97.3 (21.2)
Right common carotid IMT (mm) 0.83 ± 0.21
Left common carotid IMT (mm) 0.85 ± 0.21
Right OARI 0.70 ± 0.04
Left OARI 0.71 ± 0.04
  1. IDU, intravenous drug users; HAART, highly active antiretroviral therapy; HDL, high density lipoprotein; IMT, intima-media thickness; OARI, ophthalmic artery resistance index. All data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation. A p-value of < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.