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Table 1 Demographic, biochemical and clinical characteristics of the study population

From: Prognostic value of calcium score and coronary flow velocity reserve in asymptomatic diabetic patients

Variables Non DM DM Total p value: non DM vs. DM
(n = 99) (n = 101) (n = 200)
Male, no. (%) 42 (42,4 %) 49 (48,5 %) 91 (45,5 %) p = 0,387
Age 55,04 ± 12,81 60,34 ± 10,21 57,7 ± 11,84 p < 0,001
Obesity BMI ≤25 52 (52,5 %) 20 (19,8 %) 72 (36,0 %) p < 0,001
BMI >25 47 (47,5 %) 81 (80,2 %) 128 (64,0 %)
BMI (kg/m2) 26,01 ± 4,39 28,74 ± 4,68 27,39 ± 4,73 p < 0,001
Smoking History, no. (%) Current 28 (28,2 %) 19 (18,8 %) 47 (23,5 %) p = 0,261
Former 16 (16,2 %) 21 (20,8 %) 37 (18,5 %)
Non smoker 55 (55,56 %) 61 (60,40 %) 116 (58,00 %)
Family history, no. (%) 65 (65,70 %) 70 (69,30 %) 135 (67,50 %) p = 0,582
HTA, no. (%) 54 (55,70 %) 86 (85,10 %) 140 (70,70 %) p < 0,001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 125,91 ± 11,28 130,10 ± 11,27 128,03 ± 11,44 p = 0,009
Hypercholesterolemia, no. (%) 52 (53,1 %) 72 (72 %) 124 (62,6 %) p = 0,006
Cholesterol (mmol/l) 5,54 ± 0,93 5,36 ± 0,91 5,45 ± 0,92 p = 0,160
LDL (mmol/l) 3,40 ± 0,87 3,26 ± 0,81 3,33 ± 0,84 p = 0,253
HDL (mmol/l) 1,38 ± 0,33 1,19 ± 0,26 1,28 ± 0,31 p < 0,001
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1,52 ± 0,80 2,10 ± 1,12 1,82 ± 1,02 p < 0,001
Glucose (mmol/l) 5,37 ± 0,74 8,31 ± 2,76 6,86 ± 2,51 p < 0,001
HbA1C (%) 5,51 ± 0,81 7,13 ± 1,32 6,33 ± 1,36 p < 0,001
CRP (mg/l) 2,13 ± 1,71 2,89 ± 3,47 2,51 ± 2,77 p = 0,141
Fibrinogen (g/l) 3,63 ± 1,04 3,58 ± 1,05 3,61 ± 1,05 p = 0,734
Microalbuminuria, no. (%) 0 (0,00 %) 26 (25,7 %) 26 (13,0 %) p < 0,001
  1. Plus–minus values are means ± SD, BMI body mass index, CRP C-reactive protein, DM diabetes mellitus, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, HbA1C hemoglobin A1c, HTA hypertension