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Table 3 Comparison of the values of the rugby players and the IS

From: Left ventricular remodeling and the athlete’s heart, irrespective of quality load training

  Rugby (A) IS (B) P Value
n = 114 n = 200
Age (years) 23,7 ± 5,8 26,9 ± 3,7 NS
Height (cm) 178,1 ± 8,6 174,9 ± 5,8 <0,05*
Weight (kg) 86,9 ± 14,9 80,3 ± 12,2 NS
BMI (kg/m2) 27,1 ± 1,9 26,3 ± 3,1 <0,05*
BSA (m2) 2,05 ± 0,1 1,96 ± 0,2 <0,05*
SBP (mmHg) 124,4 ± 14,4 127,2 ± 11,5 <0,05*
DBP (mmHg) 76,7 ± 5,6 78,8 ± 1,4 <0,05*
HR (b/min) 66,9 ± 10,5 78,8 ± 1,9 <0,05*
IVS (mm) 9,5 ± 1,0 9,3 ± 0,7 <0,05*
PW (mm) 9,6 ± 0,9 9,2 ± 1,1 <0,05*
LVEDd (mm) 50,4 ± 4,4 49,4 ± 5,6 <0,05*
LVESd (mm) 32,5 ± 4,2 30,9 ± 3,6 <0,05*
LVM (g) 158,1 ± 30,5 153,4 ± 32,1 <0,05*
LVCMi (g/m2) 81,5 ± 18,6 78,8 ± 16,6 <0,05*
AoR 30,1 ± 3,4 29,5 ± 2,2 NS
EF% 65,4 ± 8,3 62,5 ± 8,4 NS
Atrium 34,2 ± 8,6 31,5 ± 7,6 NS
RV (mm) 22,2 ± 3,5 22,3 ± 2,6 NS
PP (mmhg) 19,2 ± 2,5 19,2 ± 2,2 NS
LA area (cm2) 18,8 ± 2,3 17,3 ± 1,5 NS
LA volume (ml) 54,9 ± 15,6 44,3 ± 0,7 NS
MAPSE (mm) 20,0 ± 4,2 18,2 ± 2,6 NS
TAPSE (mm) 28,3 ± 3,2 25,1 ± 2,5 NS
E1 (cm/s) 15,2 ± 3,1 14,0 ± 2,4 <0,05*
A1 (cm/s) 9,2 ± 2,3 7,3 ± 1,0 NS
S (cm/s) 11,1 ± 3,4 8,22 ± 1,0 <0,05*
E peck (cm/s) 86,4 ± 11,1 75,8 ± 5,3 <0,05*
A peak (cm/s) 55,0 ± 12,9 46,1 ± 5,9 <0,05*
IVRT (ms) 69,8 ± 10,2 62,6 ± 24,6 <0,05*
DT (ms) 193,1 ± 27,3 209,3 ± 12,8 NS
E/A 1,6 ± 0,2 1,6 ± 0,2 NS
  1. Legend: BSA body surface area, BMI body mass index, HR heart rate, IVS interventricular septum, PW posterior wall, LVEDd left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, LVESd left ventricular end-systolic diameter, LVCMI left ventricle cardiac mass index, Aor diameter of aortic root, RV right ventricular diameter, EF ejection fraction. PP Pulmonary Pressure, LA area Left Atrium Area, LA Volume Left Atria Volume, MAPSE Mitral annular plane systolic excursion, TAPSE Tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion, E1 E wave, A1 A wave, IVRT, Isovolumic relaxation time, DT Deceleration Time, S s wave, E/A E /A ratio
  2. *Indicates Data with Statistical Differences