Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Clinical characteristics and conventional echocardiographic measurements in hypertensive

From: Investigation on left ventricular multi-directional deformation in patients of hypertension with different LVEF

  NC HT-NEF (LVEF ≥ 50%) HT-REF (LVEF < 50%)
n = 40 n = 81 n = 42
Age(y) 53.75 ± 11.72 57.25 ± 11.70 57.55 ± 14.69
Gender(M/F) 26/14 60/21 36/6
LBBB/RBBB(n) 0 3 6
PAB(n) 0 3 1
PVB(n) 0 2 2
Abnormal blood lipid or DM(n) 0 2 10
Renal dysfunction(n) 0 4 3
HR(beats/min) 67.60 ± 10.17 69.35 ± 11.90 78.33 ± 15.47
SBP(mmHg) 122.48 ± 13.66 151.30 ± 19.91 145.37 ± 25.80
DBP(mmHg) 78.14 ± 10.44 88.48 ± 13.64 89.11 ± 14.56
LVIDd(cm) 4.70 ± 0.28 5.20 ± 0.56 5.98 ± 0.86
IVST (cm) 0.87 ± 0.12 1.19 ± 0.30 1.22 ± 0.31
LVPWT(cm) 0.76 ± 0.09 1.02 ± 0.21 1.08 ± 0.24
RWT 0.35 ± 0.04 0.43 ± 0.10 0.40 ± 0.12
LVMI(g/m2) 76.41 ± 10.74 131.79 ± 44.35 175.77 ± 49.84
LAD(cm) 3.17 ± 0.59 3.97 ± 0.57 4.39 ± 0.65
LAVI(ml/ m2) 23.05 ± 8.69 31.72 ± 9.67 40.01 ± 17.20
FS(%) 34.29 ± 3.47 34.59 ± 4.25 18.43 ± 5.10
LVEDVI(ml/ m2) 62.45 ± 8.60 76.14 ± 16.24 109.06 ± 40.15
LVEF(%) 62.56 ± 4.61 61.37 ± 5.20 37.30 ± 8.37
PVA(m/s) 0.62 ± 0.20 0.77 ± 0.21 0.70 ± 0.26
PVE(m/s) 0.64 ± 0.21 0.65 ± 0.21 0.73 ± 0.29
E/A 1.08 ± 0.39 0.96 ± 0.78 1.28 ± 0.90
E/e 7.53 ± 2.39 11.12 ± 4.16 17.07 ± 11.20
s(m/s) 0.07 ± 0.01 0.07 ± 0.03 0.05 ± 0.02
a(m/s) 0.09 ± 0.02 0.09 ± 0.05 0.07 ± 0.08
e(m/s) 0.09 ± 0.03 0.07 ± 0.06 0.05 ± 0.02
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation (SD) or as number (ratio);
  2. NC normal controls, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, HT-NEF hypertension with normal, LVEF; HT-REF hypertension with reduced LVEF, HT hypertension, LBBB left bundle branch block, RBBB right bundle branch block, PAB occasional premature atrial beats, PVB occasional premature ventricular beats, DM diabetes mellitus, HR heart rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, LVIDd Left ventricular internal dimension in diastole, IVST Interventricular septal thickness, LVPWT Left ventricular posterior wall thickness, RWT Relative wall thickness, LVM Left ventricular mass, LVMI Left ventricular mass index, LAD Left atrial diameter, LAVI LA volume index, FS Fractional shortening, LVEDVI Left ventricular end-diastolic volume index, LVEF Left ventricular ejection fraction;
  3. :p < 0.05 vs NC group; :p < 0.05 vs group HT-NEF