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Table 1 Clinical characteristics and conventional echocardiographic parameters in HCM patients versus control group

From: Assessment of left ventricular systolic and diastolic abnormalities in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography and two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging

  HCM patients (N = 50) Control group (N = 40) p value
Age(years) 46.67 ± 11.09 43.93 ± 8.17 0.195
Gender
 Male 30 (60%) 24 (60%)  
 Female 20 (40%) 16 (40%)  
HR(beats/min) 70.51 ± 9.62 68.43 ± 11.95 0.362
BSA(m2) 1.72 ± 0.15 1.70 ± 0.21 0.612
SBP(mmHg) 124.63 ± 13.05 120.59 ± 9.67 0.106
DBP(mmHg) 78.32 ± 11.57 74.81 ± 9.07 0.119
IVST (mm) 25.33 ± 7.11 9.32 ± 1.35 < 0.001
LVPWT (mm) 14.25 ± 3.15 8.84 ± 1.11 < 0.001
septum/posterior wall ratio 1.86 ± 0.69 1.05 ± 0.10 < 0.001
LVDd (mm) 40.83 ± 4.87 44.16 ± 2.44 < 0.001
LVDs (mm) 23.32 ± 4.09 27.81 ± 1.64 < 0.001
LADs 40.91 ± 0.83 31.85 ± 1.95 < 0.001
E (cm/sec) 79.04 ± 3.26 80.36 ± 3.07 0.053
A (cm/sec) 71.05 ± 2.89 69.89 ± 2.65 0.052
E /A ratio 1.12 ± 0.39 1.15 ± 0.29 0.675
  1. HR heart rate, BSA body surface area, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, IVST inter-ventricular septal thickness, LVDd left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, LVDs left ventricular end-systolic diameter, LVPWT left ventricular posterior wall thickness, LADs left atrium end-systolic dimension. E: mitral inflow peak velocity in early diastole; A: mitral inflow peak velocity in late diastole. Values are expressed as the mean ± SD