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Table 2 Clinical, demographic, exercise and carotid ultrasound data in the subgroup of patients with and without CAD

From: Usefulness of carotid ultrasonography in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease in patients undergoing exercise echocardiography

  CAD ≥ 50% (n = 89) CAD < 50% (n = 67) p value
Age 67.6 (9.2) 64.1 (11.6) 0.045
Male sex 66 (74.2%) 36 (53.7%) 0.011
Body mass index 29.1 (4.2) 28.1 (3.7) 0.134
Hypertension 55 (61.8%) 38 (56.7%) 0.621
Hypercholesterolemia 56 (62.9%) 35 (52.2%) 0.193
DM 31 (34.8%) 10 (14.9%) 0.006
Smoking habit 46 (51.7%) 18 (32.8%) 0.023
Family history of early CAD 14 (15.7%) 8 (11.9%) 0.643
FPG levels 120.7 (38.7) 105.7 (22.4) 0.03
Total Cholesterol levels 192.0 (47.5) 185.5 (40.8) 0.379
Low-density lipoprotein levels 117.2 (40.7) 110.7 (36.1) 0.308
High-density lipoprotein levels 43.0 (11.3) 45.6 (12.1) 0.168
Triglyceride levels 160.6 (91.1) 157.2 (98.7) 0.824
GFR 75.6 (23.2) 81.1 (24.7) 0.105
SCORE    < 0.001
 Low 1 (1.1%) 9 (13.6%)  
 Moderate 24 (27.3%) 28 (42.4%)  
 High 28 (31.8%) 19 (28.8%)  
 Very high 35 (39.8%) 10 (15.2%)  
PTP of CAD    < 0.001
  < 15% 0 (0%) 3 (4.5%)  
 15–65% 31 (34.8%) 42 (62.7%)  
 65–85% 55 (61.8%) 22 (32.8%)  
  > 85% 3 (3.4%) 0 (0%)  
Positive EE 73 (82.0%) 20 (29.9%) < 0.001
Mean CIMT (mm) 0.88 (0.21) 0.89 (0.18) 0.926
CIMT > 0.9 mm 38 (42.7%) 31 (46.3%) 0.745
CIMT > 75th percentile 52 (58.4%) 46 (68.7%) 0.242
CP 66 (74.2%) 29 (43.3%) < 0.001
Calcified CP 32 (36.0%) 15 (22.4%) 0.079
  1. PTP Pre-test probability. Rest of abbreviations as in Table 1