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Table 2 Echocardiographic and Hemodynamic Parameters

From: Echocardiographic predictors of intraoperative right ventricular dysfunction: a 2D and speckle tracking echocardiography study

  Overall
(n = 53)
RV Dysfunction +a
(n = 37)
RV Dysfunction –
(n = 16)
p
Baseline
 LV
  EDV (mL/m2) 104.1 ± 45.5 108.4 ± 39.6 93.1 ± 58.3 0.31
  ESV (mL/m2) 48.0 ± 31.3 51.6 ± 30.9 39.0 ± 31.7 0.22
  EF (%) 56.8 ± 13.0 55.9 ± 14.0 59.2 ± 10.0 0.45
 RV
  EDA (cm2) 19.3 ± 6.9 19.4 ± 6.7 19 ± 7.5 0.85
  ESA (cm2) 12.2 ± 4.9 12.6 ± 4.6 11.2 ± 5.4 0.34
  TAPSE (cm) 1.5 ± 0.4 1.4 ± 0.3 1.6 ± 0.4 0.14
  S′ (cm/s) 8.0 ± 2.1 7.9 ± 2.4 8.5 ± 2.4 0.48
  GLS (%) −19.0 ± 6.5 −17.7 ± 6.5 −21.8 ± 5.4 0.03
  Septal Strain (%) −17.9 ± 5.9 −16.9 ± 5.5 −20.0 ± 6.4 0.08
  Free Wall Strain (%) −21.5 ± 6.4 −20.3 ± 6.4 −24.2 ± 5.8 0.04
  FAC (%) 36.8 ± 9.3 34.7 ± 9.1 41.6 ± 8.1 0.01
 RA
  Area (cm2) 14.9 ± 4.9 14.4 ± 4.8 16 ± 5.3 0.35
  Length (cm) 3.9 ± 0.8 3.8 ± 0.7 4.1 ± 0.9 0.33
  Volume Index (mL/m2) 30.3 ± 13.9 28.6 ± 13.1 34.4 ± 15.5 0.21
 Hemodynamics
  LV EDP (mmHg) 13.8 ± 4.6 13.3 ± 4.0 15.3 ± 5.9 0.23
  PASP (mmHg) 26.5 ± 7.4 27.0 ± 7.3 25.5 ± 7.9 0.50
  PADP (mmHg) 10.5 ± 4.0 10.9 ± 3.9 9.8 ± 4.1 0.34
  RAP (mmHg) 7.2 ± 2.7 7.6 ± 2.8 6.4 ± 2.6 0.13
  RV CO (L) 4.6 ± 1.8 4.5 ± 1.9 4.8 ± 1.6 0.67
Post procedure
 LV
  EDV (mL/m2) 79.7 ± 30.3 82.2 ± 27.2 73.1 ± 37.5 0.36
  ESV (mL/m2) 37.0 ± 20.5 38.7 ± 19.2 32.8 ± 23.6 0.39
  EF (%) 55.8 ± 12.9 54.1 ± 13.0 60.0 ± 12.2 0.17
 RV
  TAPSE (cm) 1.1 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.4 0.94
  S′ (cm/s) 6.2 ± 2.5 6.0 ± 2.3 6.7 ± 2.9 0.41
  GLS (%) −13.5 ± 6.9 −10.1 ± 4.3 −21.2 ± 5.3 < 0.001
  Septal Strain (%) −12.4 ± 6.6 −9.9 ± 5.2 −18.2 ± 5.9 < 0.001
  Free Wall Strain (%) −15.5 ± 7.8 −12.4 ± 5.6 −22.8 ± 7.6 < 0.001
  FAC (%) 29.3 ± 10.6 24.0 ± 6.9 41.7 ± 6.6 < 0.001
 Hemodynamics
  PASP (mmHg) 27.3 ± 6.7 27.8 ± 6.6 26.1 ± 6.7 0.39
  PADP (mmHg) 11.2 ± 4.3 11.5 ± 4.3 10.6 ± 4.3 0.49
  RAP (mmHg) 8.5 ± 3.0 8.8 ± 3.0 7.9 ± 3.1 0.37
  RV CO (L) 5.5 ± 1.3 5.5 ± 1.3 5.5 ± 1.3 0.98
  1. LV left ventricle, RV right ventricle, RA right atrium, EDV end diastolic volume, EDS end systolic volume, EF ejection fraction, EDA end diastolic area, ESA end systolic area, TAPSE tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, S′ peak systolic velocity, GLS global longitudinal strain, FAC fractional area of change, EDP end diastolic pressure, PASP pulmonary artery systolic pressure, PADP pulmonary artery diastolic pressure, RAP right atrial pressure, CO cardiac output. Bold values indicate p < 0.05
  2. aCategorized based on established echo cut off FAC < 35% (post chest closure)