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Table 2 Characteristics of the control group and groups with and without significant ACR

From: Usefulness of speckle tracking echocardiography and biomarkers for detecting acute cellular rejection after heart transplantation

Variable Control group Group without Group with p value
(n=60) significant ACR (n=43) significant ACR (n=17)
Age (years) 43±9 44±11 48±13 0.20 c
Male sex 34 (56.7%) 24 (55.8%) 10 (58.8%) 0.139b
Weight (kg) 72 (63–80) 70 (58–81) 71 (61–87) 0.684ª
Height (cm) 1.69±0.09 1.62 ± 0.09# 1.59 ± 0.13# < 0.001c
BMI (kg/m2) 24.7 (22.9–27.1) 26.0 (22.7–31.6) 26.1 (24.0–34.7) 0.152ª
SBP (mmHg) 123 ± 13 126 ± 19 122 ± 13 0.672c
DBP (mmHg) 76 ± 10 76 ± 10 72 ± 8 0.463c
PAP (mmHg) 30 ± 10 34 ± 11 0.465d
Hypertension 0 (0%) 7 (16.3%) 5 (29.4%) < 0.001b
Diabetes mellitus 0 (0%) 7 (16.3%) 5 (29.4%) < 0.001b
Smoking 0 (0%) 14 (32.6%) 3 (17.6%) < 0.001b
Cr (mg/dL) 0.80 (0.5–1.0) 1.19 (0.9–1.34) 1.1 (0.95–1.4) 0.930 ª
BSA (m2) 1.60 (1.55–1.68) 1.78 (1.58–1.93)# 1.75 (1.60–2.03)# < 0.001ª
  1. The values are presented as the mean (standard deviation), median (interquartile range) or number (percentage). BMI body mass index; Cr creatinine; BSA body surface area; SBP Systolic blood pressure; DBP diastolic blood pressure; PAP pulmonary artery pressure; ACR acute cellular rejection
  2. aKruskal-Wallis test; bPearson chi-square; cANOVA
  3. #p< 0.05 (vs. the control group)