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Coronary artery-pulmonary artery fistula: case report
© Quatrini et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2007
Received: 02 April 2007
Accepted: 11 April 2007
Published: 11 April 2007
Coronary artery fistulas are rare congenital or acquired coronary artery anomalies that can originate from any of the three major coronary arteries and drain in all the cardiac chambers and great vessels.
An 11-year-old boy was referred for evaluation of an exertional dyspnoea. He reported recent history of few episodes of shortness of breath associated with moderate entity physical activity. At physical examination a mild continuous murmur could be heard mainly at the level of the second intercostal space of the left parasternal area. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed a continuous flow at color Doppler analysis in the high parasternal short axis view, originating from a small entry site on the wall of the main pulmonary artery. A selective left coronary angiography revealed a fistula connecting the proximal portion of the left anterior descending coronary artery with the main pulmonary artery.
A combination like the one described in the present case is unusual since fistulas originate from the left coronary artery in about 35% of cases and drainage into the pulmonary artery occurs in only 17%.
Most fistulas originate from the right coronary artery or the left anterior descending and commonly drain in low-pressures structures including right-sided chambers, pulmonary artery, superior cava vein and coronary sinus [1, 2]. A combination like the one described in the present case is unusual since fistulas originate from the left coronary artery in about 35% of cases and drainage into the pulmonary artery occurs in only 17% [1, 2].
Written consent was obtained from the patient for publication of the study.
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