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Table 3 Association between echocardiographic parameters and new-onset atrial fibrillation

From: Echo-Doppler–derived indexes of ventricular stiffness and ventriculo-arterial interaction as predictors of new-onset atrial fibrillation in patients with heart failure

Unadjusted Adjusted
  Hazard ratio p-value Hazard ratio p-value
Ejection fraction (%) 0.97 *0.025 0.98 0.250
Ed (1/ml) 10.40 * < 0.001 5.49 *0.018
Ea (mmHg/ml) 1.70 0.011 1.66 *0.027
Ees (m/s) 1.58 0.497 0.95 0.940
VVI 1.04 0.004 1.06 *0.001
  1. Adjusted for age, hypertension, DM, use of diuretics and left atrial volume index
  2. Ed left ventricular (LV) diastolic elastance; Ea effective arterial elastance; Ees LV end-systolic elastance; VVI ventricular-vascular coupling index
  3. *p < 0.05